Abstract

Visible-band and near infrared polarization and radiance images measured with a ground-based full-sky polarimeter are compared against a successive orders of scattering (SOS) radiative transfer model for 2009 summer cloud-free days in Bozeman, Montana, USA. The polarimeter measures radiance and polarization in 10-nm bands centered at 450 nm, 490 nm, 530 nm, 630 nm, and 700 nm. AERONET products are used to represent aerosols in the SOS model, while MISR satellite BRF products are used for the surface reflectance. While model results generally agree well with observation, the simulated degree of polarization is typically higher than observed data. Potential sources of this difference may include cloud contamination and/or underestimation of the AERONET-retrieved aerosol real refractive index. Problems with the retrieved parameters are not unexpected given the low aerosol optical depth range (0.025 to 0.17 at 500 nm) during the study and the corresponding difficulties that these conditions pose to the AERONET inversion algorithm.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Chin, R. A. Kahn, and S. E. Schwartz, CCSP 2009: Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts, A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science (NASA, Washington, D.C., USA 2009).
  2. B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Boesche, P. Stammes, T. Ruhtz, R. Preusker, and J. Fischer, “Effect of aerosol microphysical properties on polarization of skylight: sensitivity study and measurements,” Appl. Opt. 45(34), 8790–8805 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Dual-field imaging polarimeter using liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5470–5478 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Digital all-sky polarization imaging of partly cloudy skies,” Appl. Opt. 47(34), H190–H198 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. J. Pust, “Full Sky Imaging Polarimetry for Initial Polarized MODTRAN Validation,” PhD Thesis, Montana State University (2007).
  12. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Comparison of Skylight Polarization Measurements and MODTRAN-P Calculations,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5(1), 053529 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys Lett. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. “AERONET Inversion Products,” “ http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/new_web/Documents/Inversion_products_V2.pdf ” http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/new_web/Documents/Inversion_products_V2.pdf .
  20. A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 Update,” in Proceedings of the SPIE6233, 508–515 (2006).
  21. A. R. Dahlberg, N. J. Pust, and J. A. Shaw, “Effects of surface reflectance on skylight polarization measurements,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16008-16021 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, C. Borel, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, Y. Knyazikhin, R. Myneni, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “MISR. Level 2 Surface Retrieval Algorithm Theoretical Basis,” “ http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/eos_homepage/for_scientists/atbd/docs/MISR/ATB_L2Surface43.pdf ” http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/eos_homepage/for_scientists/atbd/docs/MISR/ATB_L2Surface43.pdf .
  23. H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Nadal and F. M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 37(3), 1709–1718 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. Boesche, P. Stammes, R. Preusker, R. Bennartz, W. Knap, and J. Fischer, “Polarization of skylight in the O(2)A band: effects of aerosol properties,” Appl. Opt. 47(19), 3467–3480 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Zeng, Q. Han, and J. Wang, “High-spectral resolution simulation of polarization of skylight: Sensitivity to aerosol vertical profile,” Geo. Res. Lett. 35, L20801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Comparison of Skylight Polarization Measurements and MODTRAN-P Calculations,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5(1), 053529 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dahlberg, N. J. Pust, and J. A. Shaw, “Effects of surface reflectance on skylight polarization measurements,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16008-16021 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Dual-field imaging polarimeter using liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5470–5478 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Boesche, P. Stammes, T. Ruhtz, R. Preusker, and J. Fischer, “Effect of aerosol microphysical properties on polarization of skylight: sensitivity study and measurements,” Appl. Opt. 45(34), 8790–8805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys Lett. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

F. Nadal and F. M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 37(3), 1709–1718 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ackerman, T. P.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beckert, J. C.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bennartz, R.

Blarel, L.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blumthaler, M.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boesche, E.

Breon, F. M.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Nadal and F. M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 37(3), 1709–1718 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bréon, F. M.

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brogniez, C.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bruegge, C. J.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buis, J. P.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buis, J.-P.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cairns, B.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Canini, M.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chu, D. A.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Conel, J. E.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dahlberg, A. R.

Davies, R.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

den Outer, P. N.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Deuze, J. L.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deuzé, J. L.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, C.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diner, D. J.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys Lett. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Engelsen, O.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fafaul, B. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, J.

Gardiner, B. G.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gerstl, S. A. W.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gillotay, D.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goloub, P.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haferl, D.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, Q.

J. Zeng, Q. Han, and J. Wang, “High-spectral resolution simulation of polarization of skylight: Sensitivity to aerosol vertical profile,” Geo. Res. Lett. 35, L20801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. E.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herman, M.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, R. J.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ichoku, C.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Itchkawich, T.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jankowiak, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, R.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, R. A.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys Lett. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kleidman, R. G.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knap, W.

Kopp, G.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kylling, A.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lafrance, B.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lapyonok, T.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lavenu, F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lenoble, J.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leon, J. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Levy, R. C.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. R.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maignan, F.

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marchand, A.

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maring, H. B.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, T. J.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martins, J. V.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martonchik, J.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martonchik, J. V.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mattoo, S.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, B.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M. I.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muller, J. P.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Munoz, O.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Myneni, R. B.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nadal, F.

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Nadal and F. M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 37(3), 1709–1718 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perry, G.

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pfister, G.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pinty, B.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Podvin, T.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Preusker, R.

Pust, N. J.

Qiao, Y.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, H.

H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reagan, J. A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, T. H.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Remer, L. A.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roger, J. C.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ruggaber, A.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ruhtz, T.

Santer, R.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schueler, C. F.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seckmeyer, G.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sellers, P. J.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Setzer, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. A.

Sinyuk, A.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, M.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stammes, P.

Tanre, D.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanré, D.

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Travis, L. D.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van der Zande, W. J.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Weele, M.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Veihelmann, B.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E.

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E. F.

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verstraete, M. M.

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Volten, H.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walravens, B.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Zeng, Q. Han, and J. Wang, “High-spectral resolution simulation of polarization of skylight: Sensitivity to aerosol vertical profile,” Geo. Res. Lett. 35, L20801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wauben, W. M. F.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, P.

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

J. Zeng, Q. Han, and J. Wang, “High-spectral resolution simulation of polarization of skylight: Sensitivity to aerosol vertical profile,” Geo. Res. Lett. 35, L20801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, F.

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: Introducing the Glory mission,” Bul. Amer. Met. Soc. 88(5), 677–691 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Geo. Res. Lett. (1)

J. Zeng, Q. Han, and J. Wang, “High-spectral resolution simulation of polarization of skylight: Sensitivity to aerosol vertical profile,” Geo. Res. Lett. 35, L20801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (2)

F. Nadal and F. M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 37(3), 1709–1718 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Diner, J. C. Beckert, T. H. Reilly, C. J. Bruegge, J. E. Conel, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, T. P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, J. P. Muller, R. B. Myneni, P. J. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 36(4), 1072–1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Remote Sens. (1)

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Comparison of Skylight Polarization Measurements and MODTRAN-P Calculations,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5(1), 053529 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

L. A. Remer, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, “The MODIS Aerosol Algorithm, Products, and Validation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62(4), 947–973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys Lett. (1)

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys Lett. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Lett. (5)

M. Van Weele, T. J. Martin, M. Blumthaler, C. Brogniez, P. N. den Outer, O. Engelsen, J. Lenoble, B. Mayer, G. Pfister, A. Ruggaber, B. Walravens, P. Weihs, B. G. Gardiner, D. Gillotay, D. Haferl, A. Kylling, G. Seckmeyer, and W. M. F. Wauben, “From model intercomparison toward benchmark UV spectra for six real atmospheric cases,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D4), 4915–4925 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, M. Herman, B. Lafrance, F. Maignan, A. Marchand, F. Nadal, G. Perry, and D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 106(D5), 4913–4926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Rahman, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “Coupled surface-atmosphere reflectance (CSAR) model. 2: Semiempirical surface model usable with NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data,” J. Geophys. Lett. 98(D11), 20791–20801 (1993).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J. F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slutsker, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Lett. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Lett. 105(D8), 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. (1)

Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanre, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quan. Spect. Rad. Trans. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. (1)

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 107(3), 479–507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Remote Sens. Environ. (3)

Z. Li, P. Goloub, C. Devaux, X. Gu, J. L. Deuze, Y. Qiao, and F. Zhao, “Retrieval of aerosol optical and physical properties from ground-based spectral, multi-angular, and polarized sun-photometer measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 101(4), 519–533 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sinyuk, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, F. M. Breon, J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, D. J. Diner, E. F. Vermote, J. C. Roger, T. Lapyonok, and I. Slutsker, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and surface properties from a combination of AERONET and satellite data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 107(1-2), 90–108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A Federated Instrument Network and Data Archive for Aerosol Characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66(1), 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

M. Chin, R. A. Kahn, and S. E. Schwartz, CCSP 2009: Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts, A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science (NASA, Washington, D.C., USA 2009).

N. J. Pust, “Full Sky Imaging Polarimetry for Initial Polarized MODTRAN Validation,” PhD Thesis, Montana State University (2007).

“AERONET Inversion Products,” “ http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/new_web/Documents/Inversion_products_V2.pdf ” http://aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov/new_web/Documents/Inversion_products_V2.pdf .

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, and E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 Update,” in Proceedings of the SPIE6233, 508–515 (2006).

D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, C. Borel, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, Y. Knyazikhin, R. Myneni, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete, “MISR. Level 2 Surface Retrieval Algorithm Theoretical Basis,” “ http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/eos_homepage/for_scientists/atbd/docs/MISR/ATB_L2Surface43.pdf ” http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/eos_homepage/for_scientists/atbd/docs/MISR/ATB_L2Surface43.pdf .

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (3529 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overview of the radiance and polarization comparison methodology.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Representative sample of aerosol retrievals for all study days.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Excerpt from a time lapse (Media 1) of observation and model comparisons for 02 Sept 2009, Bozeman, Montana, USA. The RGB composite images were formed from the 450, 530, and 630 nm images. Error and degree of linear polarization (DoLP) images are shown only for the 450 nm band. Radiance error is defined as (observed - modeled)/observed. The arc with a centered-disk is an automated sun occulter. The Babinet (above the sun) and Brewster (below the sun) neutral points are seen in both the observed and modeled DoLP.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the observation and model maximum degree of polarization (DoLP) for times when the polarimeter measurement and AERONET retrieval were within 10 minutes of each other. 530 nm results (not shown) are very similar to the 450 and 490 nm results. Polarimeter error bars are shown which vary from ± 0.03 for fully polarized light to ± 0.003 for unpolarized light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Same as Fig. 4 but for minimum sky radiance. Radiance units are uW/(cm2*Sr). Since radiance errors are not characterized for the polarimeter and the polarimeter is calibrated with a similar method to the AERONET radiometers, error bars that reflect the ± 5% error advertised by AERONET [14] are shown for reference.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Same as results from Fig. 4, but for models with the AERONET real refractive index artificially increased by 5%.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Same as results from Fig. 5, but for models with the AERONET real refractive index artificially increased by 5%.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparisons of minimum radiance measured in the principal plane by the polarimeter and the AERONET CIMEL. Radiance units are uW/(cm2*Sr). Error bars reflect the ± 5% error advertised by AERONET [14]. 700 nm is not shown but shows similar results to the other wavelengths. Only data for which the two instruments took measurements within 10 minutes of each other are shown.

Metrics