Abstract

We demonstrate the inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by 193 nm ArF excimer laser in microfibers drawn from the standard single mode telecommunication fiber. Fiber Bragg gratings are directly inscribed in a series of microfibers with diameter ranged from tens of μm to 3.3 μm without hydrogen loading or other treatment to photosensitize the microfibers. Four reflection peaks are observed where three correspond to high order mode resonances. The resonance wavelength depends on the fiber diameter and it sharply blueshifts as the diameter is decreased below 10 μm. The gratings are characterized for their response to ambient refractive index. The higher order mode resonance exhibits higher sensitivity to refractive index.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1025–1035 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Z. Ye, “Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings,” Opt. Express 14(16), 6993–6998 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Sumetsky, “Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide: transmission spectrum, eigenmodes, and dispersion relation,” Opt. Express 13(11), 4331–4340 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2007 (3)

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, “Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7888–7893 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Z. Ye, “Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings,” Opt. Express 14(16), 6993–6998 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, “Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 517–518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (6)

M. Sumetsky, “Uniform coil optical resonator and waveguide: transmission spectrum, eigenmodes, and dispersion relation,” Opt. Express 13(11), 4331–4340 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Abe, M.

Albert, J.

J. Albert, M. Fokine, and W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(10), 809–811 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, and M. Kawachi, “Photosensitization of optical fiber and silica-on-silicon/silica waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 953–955 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bentley, W. E.

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

Bilodeau, F.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, and M. Kawachi, “Photosensitization of optical fiber and silica-on-silicon/silica waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 953–955 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, G.

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, “Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7888–7893 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, “Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 517–518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Campopiano, S.

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. W.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chryssis, A. N.

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cusano, A.

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

Dulashko, Y.

Fang, X.

Feng, X.

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, “Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 517–518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

Fu, J.

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giordano, M.

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hibino, Y.

Hill, K. O.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, and M. Kawachi, “Photosensitization of optical fiber and silica-on-silicon/silica waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 953–955 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horak, P.

Huang, Y.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iadicicco, A.

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. S.

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, and M. Kawachi, “Photosensitization of optical fiber and silica-on-silicon/silica waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 953–955 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawachi, M.

Lee, R. K.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

Liang, W.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. R.

Lin, B.

Liu, L.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lou, J. Y.

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Z. Ye, “Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings,” Opt. Express 14(16), 6993–6998 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1025–1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malo, B.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, and M. Kawachi, “Photosensitization of optical fiber and silica-on-silicon/silica waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 18(12), 953–955 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margulis, W.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayteevarunyoo, T.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1025–1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saini, S. S.

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sang, X. Z.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shum, P.

Song, Q. H.

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Theriault, S.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

Tong, L. M.

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Z. Ye, “Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings,” Opt. Express 14(16), 6993–6998 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1025–1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, G. H.

Wang, K.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, “Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7888–7893 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, “Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 517–518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z. Z.

Yi, H.

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

Yu, C. X.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Q.

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, “Microfiber knot dye laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, “Comparison of one-photon and two-photon effects in the photosensitivity of germanium-doped silica optical fibers exposed to intense ArF excimer laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(24), 3529–3531 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, and X. Feng, “Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterisation,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 517–518 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1250–1252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, “High sensitivity evanescent field fiber Bragg grating sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1253–1255 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, R. R. Gattass, S. L. He, X. W. Chen, L. Liu, and E. Mazur, “Assembly of silica nanowires on silica aerogels for microphotonic devices,” Nano Lett. 5(2), 259–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. N. Chryssis, S. S. Saini, S. M. Lee, H. Yi, W. E. Bentley, and M. Dagenais, “Detecting Hybridization of DNA by Highly Sensitive Evanescent Field Etched Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors,” Quantum Electron. 11(4), 864–872 (2005).

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

X. Z. Sang, C. X. Yu, T. Mayteevarunyoo, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. L. Chu, “Temperature-insensitive chemical sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(2), 754–757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscope images of the fabricated microfibers with different diameters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission and reflection spectra of the Bragg grating in the 10.4 μm microfiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflection spectra of FBGs in microfibers with diameter of (a) 12.9 μm, (b) 5.9 μm, (c) 3.8 μm, and (d) 3.3 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bragg wavelength versus the fiber diameter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflection spectra of the FBG in the 10.4 μm microfiber in different ambient RI.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured and simulated RI response of the LP01, LP21, and LP22 peak of FBG in the10.4 μm microfiber: (a) resonance wavelength versus RI; (b) sensitivity versus RI.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Relationships between wavelength shift and RI for FBGs in microfiber with different diameter; (b) RI sensitivities of FBGs in microfibers with different diameter.

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