Abstract

We have experimentally implemented a multiplexible but compact fiber sensor system suitable for multipoint sensing of hydrogen gas leakage. By making dual cavities along an optical fiber and coating a palladium film only at the end of the fiber tip, the measurement errors induced by the optical source power fluctuation and the mechanical perturbation in the lead fiber could be compensated. By adjusting the length of the dual-cavity, the capability of multiplexing several hydrogen sensors could be achieved. The experiment results showed that the response speed of the sensor was increasing with temperature, but at a low temperature the response amplitude became large.

© 2011 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Megret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. M. Adler-Golden, N. Goldstein, F. Bien, M. W. Matthew, M. E. Gersh, W. K. Cheng, and F. W. Adams, “Laser Raman sensor for measurement of trace-hydrogen gas,” Appl. Opt. 31(6), 831–835 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Villatoro and D. Monzón-Hernández, “Fast detection of hydrogen with nano fiber tapers coated with ultra thin palladium layers,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5087–5092 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. P. Minkovich, D. Monzón-Hernández, J. Villatoro, and G. Badenes, “Microstructured optical fiber coated with thin films for gas and chemical sensing,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8413–8418 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Abad, M. López-Amo, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and J. L. Santos, “Fiber Bragg grating-based self-referencing technique for wavelength-multiplexed intensity sensors,” Opt. Lett. 27(4), 222–224 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Wang, M. S. Miller, A. J. Plante, M. F. Gunther, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, “Split-spectrum intensity-based optical fiber sensors for measurement of microdisplacement, strain, and pressure,” Appl. Opt. 35(15), 2595–2601 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Yang, M. Zhang, Y. Liao, Q. Tian, Q. Li, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric optical fiber hydrogen detection system,” Appl. Opt. 49(15), 2736–2740 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. W. B. Spillman and J. R. Lord, “Self-referencing multiplexing technique for fiber-optic intensity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(7), 865–869 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Abad, M. López-Amo, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and J. L. Santos, “Fiber Bragg grating-based self-referencing technique for wavelength-multiplexed intensity sensors,” Opt. Lett. 27(4), 222–224 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. Y. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18(1), 141–149 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X. Ke and G. J. Kramer, “Absorption and diffusion of hydrogen in palladium-silver alloys by density functional theory,” Phys. Rev. B 66(18), 184304 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Shen and A. Wang, “Frequency-estimation-based signal-processing algorithm for white-light optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5206–5214 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. F. A. Lewis, The Palladium Hydrogen System (Academic, New York, 1967).
  28. Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2008 (4)

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Megret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Minkovich, D. Monzón-Hernández, J. Villatoro, and G. Badenes, “Microstructured optical fiber coated with thin films for gas and chemical sensing,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8413–8418 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Villatoro and D. Monzón-Hernández, “Fast detection of hydrogen with nano fiber tapers coated with ultra thin palladium layers,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5087–5092 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Shen and A. Wang, “Frequency-estimation-based signal-processing algorithm for white-light optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5206–5214 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

2000 (1)

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

W. B. Spillman and J. R. Lord, “Self-referencing multiplexing technique for fiber-optic intensity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(7), 865–869 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Abad, S.

Adams, F. W.

Adler-Golden, S. M.

Andres, M. V.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Araújo, F. M.

Badenes, G.

Bévenot, X.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bien, F.

Brungs, M.

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Butler, M. A.

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Caucheteur, C.

Chadwick, B.

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. W.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Cheng, W. K.

Choi, H. Y.

Claus, R. O.

Clement, M.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Debliquy, M.

Deladi, S.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diez, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elwenspoek, M.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, L. A.

Gagnaire, H.

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gal, M.

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gersh, M. E.

Goldstein, N.

Gonzalez-Segura, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gunther, M. F.

Hu, J.

J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iannuzzi, D.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J. H.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jyu, S. S.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kazemi, A.

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ke, X.

X. Ke and G. J. Kramer, “Absorption and diffusion of hydrogen in palladium-silver alloys by density functional theory,” Phys. Rev. B 66(18), 184304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-T.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. J.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. H.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G. J.

X. Ke and G. J. Kramer, “Absorption and diffusion of hydrogen in palladium-silver alloys by density functional theory,” Phys. Rev. B 66(18), 184304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lahem, D.

Lee, B. H.

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18(1), 141–149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Liao, Y.

Lin, K.

Lin, S. W.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. S.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. F.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

López-Amo, M.

Lord, J. R.

W. B. Spillman and J. R. Lord, “Self-referencing multiplexing technique for fiber-optic intensity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(7), 865–869 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Marin, E.

A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matthew, M. W.

Megret, P.

Miller, M. S.

Ming, H.

Minkovich, V. P.

Montalvo, J.

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Montero, D. S.

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monzón-Hernández, D.

Mudhana, G.

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18(1), 141–149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, K. A.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

Park, K. S.

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18(1), 141–149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, M. S.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pena, J. M. S.

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Plante, A. J.

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rector, J.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rho, B. S.

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S. Y.

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

Schreuders, H.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, F.

Slaman, M.

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spillman, W. B.

W. B. Spillman and J. R. Lord, “Self-referencing multiplexing technique for fiber-optic intensity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(7), 865–869 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sutapun, B.

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tabib-Azar, M.

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tann, J.

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Q.

Tien, C. L.

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trouillet, A.

A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vazquez, C.

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veillas, C.

A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Villatoro, J.

Wang, A.

Wang, P.

Yang, Z.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Y.

Zheng, R.

Zhou, C. X.

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, A. Gonzalez-Segura, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, “Wavelength-codified fiber laser hydrogen detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Vazquez, J. Montalvo, D. S. Montero, and J. M. S. Pena, “Self-referencing fiber-optic intensity sensor using ring resonators and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2374–2376 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (2)

G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, S. Y. Ryu, and B. H. Lee, “Fiber-optic probe based on a bi-functional lensed photonic crystal fiber for refractive index measurements of liquids,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(5), 1178–1183 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, B. S. Rho, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Ultra sensitive fiber-optic hydrogen sensor based on high order cladding mode,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(6), 1423–1426 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. B. Spillman and J. R. Lord, “Self-referencing multiplexing technique for fiber-optic intensity sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(7), 865–869 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Hu, M. Jiang, and Z. Lin, “Novel technology for depositing a Pd-Ag alloy film on a tapered optical fiber for hydrogen sensing,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(10), 593–598 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Kor. (1)

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor. 12(4), 221–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Trouillet, E. Marin, and C. Veillas, “Fiber gratings for hydrogen sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1124–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

X. Ke and G. J. Kramer, “Absorption and diffusion of hydrogen in palladium-silver alloys by density functional theory,” Phys. Rev. B 66(18), 184304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, “Spatial-frequency multiplexed fiber-optic Fizeau strain sensor system with optical amplification,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 120(2), 354–359 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (5)

D. Iannuzzi, M. Slaman, J. Rector, H. Schreuders, S. Deladi, and M. Elwenspoek, “A fiber-top cantilever for hydrogen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 121(2), 706–708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clement, “Hydrogen leak detection using optical fibre sensor for aerospace applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 67(1-2), 57–67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Chadwick, J. Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, “A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 17(3), 215–220 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

C. L. Tien, H. W. Chen, W. F. Liu, S. S. Jyu, S. W. Lin, and Y. S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

F. A. Lewis, The Palladium Hydrogen System (Academic, New York, 1967).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics