Abstract

Owing to the competition between the radiative and non-radiative decay channels occurring in plasmonic assemblies, we show here how to conceive a long pass emission filter and actually design it. We report the synthesis of gold@silica nanoparticles grafted with dye molecules. The control of the thickness of the silica shell allows us to tune the distance between the metal core and the dye molecules. Assemblies of small number (1 to 7) of these core-shell (CS) particles, considered as multimers, have also been produced for the first time. We show that the shaping of the emission spectra of the multimers is drastically enhanced by comparison with the corresponding monomers. We also show a strong enhancement of the decay rates at the LSP resonance, dominated by the non-radiative energy tranfer from the active medium to the metal. The decay rates decrease as the detuning between the long wavelength emission and the LSP resonance increases.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2011

L. Novotny and N. F. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5, 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

V. N. Pustovit and T. V. Shahbazyan, “Plasmon-mediated superradiance near metal nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 82, 075429 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4, 759–764 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: a flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687–702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

V. N. Pustovit and T. V. Shahbazyan, “Cooperative emission of light by an ensemble of dipoles near a metal nanoparticle: the plasmonic Dicke effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 077401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gao, J. He, L. Deng, and H. Cao, “Synthesis and characterization of functionalized rhodamine B-doped silica nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1715–1719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.B. Khurgin, G. Sun, and R. A. Soref, “Practical limits of absorption enhancement near metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Practical enhancement of photoluminescence by metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. B. Khurgin, G. Sun, and R. A. Soref, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement using metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021120 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Bek, R. Jansen, M. Ringler, S. Mayilo, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Fluorescence enhancement in hot spots of AFM-designed gold nanoparticle sandwiches,” Nano Lett. 8, 485–490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, “Plasmonic light-emission enhancement with isolated metal nanoparticles and their coupled arrays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1748–1755 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. A. L. Vallée, K. Baert, B. Kolaric, M. Van der Auweraer, and K. Clays, “Nonexponential decay of spontaneous emission from an ensemble of molecules in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Pérez-Juste, F. J. García de Abajo, and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “The effect of silica coating on the optical response of sub-micrometer gold spheres,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13361–13366 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7, 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7, 2871–2875 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7, 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Lambda/4 resonance of an optical monopole antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 28–33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7, 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, “Spectral tuning of plasmon-enhanced silicon quantum dot luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Tovmachenko, C. Graf, D. J. van den Heuvel, A. van Blaaderen, and H. C. Gerritsen, “Fluorescence enhancement by metal-core/silica-shell nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 18, 91–95 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Carminati, J.-J. Greffet, C. Henkel, and J. Vigoureux, “Radiative and non-radiative decay of a single molecule close to a metallic nanoparticle,” Opt. Commun. 261, 368 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, B. S. Prall, and V. I. Klimov, “Hybrid gold/silica/nanocrystal-quantum-dot superstructures: synthesis and analysis of semiconductor-metal interactions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 15362 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schneider, G. Decher, N. Nerambourg, R. Praho, M. H. V. Werts, and M. Blanchard-Desce, “Distance-dependent fluorescence quenching on gold nanoparticles ensheathed with layer-by-layer assembled polyelectrolytes,” Nano Lett. 6, 530–536 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kuehn, U. Hakanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 017402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ibisate, Z. Zou, and Y. Xia, “Arresting, fixing, and separating dimers composed of uniform silica colloidal spheres,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1627–1632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Vial, A.-S. Grimault, D. Macas, D. Barchiesi, and M. Lamy de la Chapelle, “Improved analytical fit of gold dispersion : application to the modelling of extinction spectra with the FDTD method,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, T. Atay, S. Shi, H. Urabe, and A. Nurmikko, “Large enhancement of fluorescence efficiency from CdSe/ZnS quantum dots induced by resonant coupling to spatially controlled surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1557–1561 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H.-J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Yun, A. Javier, T. Jennings, M. Fisher, S. Hira, S. Peterson, B. Hopkins, N. O. Reich, and G. F. Strouse, “Nanometal surface energy transfer in optical rulers, breaking the FRET barrier,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 3115–3119 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dulkeith, M. Ringler, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. M. Javier, and W. J. Parak, “Gold nanoparticles quench fluorescence by phase induced radiative rate suppression,” Nano Lett. 5, 585–589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

M. Thomas, J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, and J. R. Aria-Gonzales, “Single-molecule spontaneous emission close to absorbing nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3863–3865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Parfenov, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, C. D. Geddes, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence from fluorophores on fractal silver surfaces,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8829–8833 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. Enderlein, “Theoretical study of single molecule fluorescence in a metallic nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 315–317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Dulkeith, A. C. Morteani, T. Niedereichholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, S. A. Levi, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, D. N. Reinhoudt, M. Möller, and D. I. Gittins, “Fluorescence quenching of dye molecules near gold nanoparticles: radiative and nonradiative effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 203002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2, 1449–1452 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Maxwell, J. R. Taylor, and S. Nie, “Self-assembled nanoparticle probes for recognition and detection of biomolecules,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 9606–9612 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, Y. Yin, Z.-Y. Li, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and self-assembly of Au@SiO2 core-shell colloids,” Nano Lett. 2, 785–788 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Zorn, “Logarithmic moments of relaxation time distributions,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3204–3209 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Graf and A. van Blaaderen, “Metallodielectric colloidal core-shell particles for photonic applications,” Langmuir 18, 524–534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Kang, S. I. Hong, C. R. Choe, M. Park, S. Rim, and J. Kim, “Preparation and characterization of epoxy composites filled with functionalized nanosilica particles obtained via sol-gel process,” Polymer 42, 879–887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Dubertret, M. Calame, and A. J. Libchaber, “Single-mismatch detection using gold-quenched fluorescent oligonucleotides,” Nat. Biotechnol. 19, 365–370 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

K. R. Brown, D. G. Walter, and M. J. Natan, “Seeding of colloidal Au nanoparticle solutions. 2. improved control of particle size and shape,” Chem. Mater. 12, 306–313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1980

J. Gersten and A. Nitzan, “Electromagnetic theory of enhanced Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on rough surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3023 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. Johnson and R. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1959

T. Förster, “Transfer mechanisms of electronic excitation,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7–17 (1959).

1946

M. Purcell, H. C. Torrey, and R. V. Pound, “Resonance absorption by nuclear magnetic moments in a solid,” Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P. M.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4, 759–764 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anger, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aria-Gonzales, J. R.

M. Thomas, J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, and J. R. Aria-Gonzales, “Single-molecule spontaneous emission close to absorbing nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3863–3865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Artemyev, M.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2, 1449–1452 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Atay, T.

J. Song, T. Atay, S. Shi, H. Urabe, and A. Nurmikko, “Large enhancement of fluorescence efficiency from CdSe/ZnS quantum dots induced by resonant coupling to spatially controlled surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5, 1557–1561 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, “Spectral tuning of plasmon-enhanced silicon quantum dot luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baert, K.

R. A. L. Vallée, K. Baert, B. Kolaric, M. Van der Auweraer, and K. Clays, “Nonexponential decay of spontaneous emission from an ensemble of molecules in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 045113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barchiesi, D.

A. Vial, A.-S. Grimault, D. Macas, D. Barchiesi, and M. Lamy de la Chapelle, “Improved analytical fit of gold dispersion : application to the modelling of extinction spectra with the FDTD method,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085416 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bek, A.

A. Bek, R. Jansen, M. Ringler, S. Mayilo, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Fluorescence enhancement in hot spots of AFM-designed gold nanoparticle sandwiches,” Nano Lett. 8, 485–490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bermel, P.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: a flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687–702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biteen, J. S.

J. S. Biteen, N. S. Lewis, H. A. Atwater, H. Mertens, and A. Polman, “Spectral tuning of plasmon-enhanced silicon quantum dot luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard-Desce, M.

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ACS Nano

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4, 759–764 (2010).
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Adv. Funct. Mater.

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Adv. Mater.

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J.B. Khurgin, G. Sun, and R. A. Soref, “Practical limits of absorption enhancement near metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071103 (2009).
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Chem. Mater.

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Manuscript in preparation.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 3rd ed. (Artech House Inc., 2005).

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