Abstract

We present a novel electro-optically tuned external-cavity diode laser (ECDL) that utilizes a volume Bragg grating (VBG) as the frequency selective feedback element and a piece of high electro-optic coefficient Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate (PLZT) transparent ceramic as the frequency tuning element. By adjusting the voltage applied onto the PLZT, a single-mode frequency tuning range of 2.5GHz without mode hoping is achieved. The laser wavelength is around 810.0nm with the line-width of 19MHz and the side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of 37dB. The advantages of combining a VBG and PLZT transparent electro-optic ceramic is that the laser frequency can be tuned finely and rapidly in a range of longitudinal mode spacing without mode hoping. Moreover, the wide-range coarse frequency tuning of 32.7 GHz can also be realized by changing the angle of incident light beam.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. F. Wei, D. Chen, Z. Fang, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Modulation-free frequency stabilization of external-cavity diode laser based on a phase-difference biased Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3853–3855 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Levin, “Mode-hop-free electro-optically tuned diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(4), 237–239 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. L. Volodin, S. V. Dolgy, E. D. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw, and V. S. Ban, “Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1891–1893 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).
  7. T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Ye, Z. Dong, Z. Fang, and R. Qu, “Experimental investigation of optical beam deflection based on PLZT electro-optic ceramic,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16933–16944 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Moser, L. Ho, and F. Havermeyer, “Self-aligned non-dispersive external cavity tunable laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16691–16696 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).
  12. T. Utsunomiya, “Optical deflector with tandem electrodes using PLZT ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 164–166 (1989).

2011 (1)

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

C. Moser, L. Ho, and F. Havermeyer, “Self-aligned non-dispersive external cavity tunable laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16691–16696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

T. Utsunomiya, “Optical deflector with tandem electrodes using PLZT ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 164–166 (1989).

Anderson, D. Z.

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Ban, V. S.

Braun, S.

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Bright, V. M.

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Cai, H.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

F. Wei, D. Chen, Z. Fang, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Modulation-free frequency stabilization of external-cavity diode laser based on a phase-difference biased Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3853–3855 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

F. Wei, D. Chen, Z. Fang, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Modulation-free frequency stabilization of external-cavity diode laser based on a phase-difference biased Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3853–3855 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, H-C.

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Dolgy, S. V.

Dong, Z.

Downs, E.

Fang, Z.

Glebov, L. B.

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Havermeyer, F.

Hawthorn, C. J.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hieta, T.

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ho, L.

Ikonen, E.

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez-Martínez, R.

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Levin, L.

Li, K. K.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melnik, E. D.

Moser, C.

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Moser, L. Ho, and F. Havermeyer, “Self-aligned non-dispersive external cavity tunable laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16691–16696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, R.

Scholten, R. E.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seviana, A.

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J.

Smirnov, V. I.

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

Utsunomiya, T.

T. Utsunomiya, “Optical deflector with tandem electrodes using PLZT ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 164–166 (1989).

Vainio, M.

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Venus, G. B.

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Volodin, B. L.

Wang, Y.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K. P.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wei, F.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

F. Wei, D. Chen, Z. Fang, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Modulation-free frequency stabilization of external-cavity diode laser based on a phase-difference biased Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3853–3855 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xin, G.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

Ye, Q.

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

Q. Ye, Z. Dong, Z. Fang, and R. Qu, “Experimental investigation of optical beam deflection based on PLZT electro-optic ceramic,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16933–16944 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zou, Y. K.

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, and R. Qu, “Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electro-optic ceramic deflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296–298 (2011).

J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS (1)

H-C. Chuang, R. Jiménez-Martínez, S. Braun, S. Braun, D. Z. Anderson, and V. M. Bright, “Tunable external cavity diode laser using a micromachined silicon flexure and a volume hogographic reflection grating for applications in atomic optics,” J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 021010, 1–13 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Utsunomiya, “Optical deflector with tandem electrodes using PLZT ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, 164–166 (1989).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Hieta, M. Vainio, C. Moser, and E. Ikonen, “External-cavity lasers based on a volume holographic grating at normal incidence for spectroscopy in the visible range,” Opt. Commun. 282(15), 3119–3123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

G. B. Venus, A. Seviana, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, “High-brightness narrow-line laser diode source with volume Bragg-grating feedback,” Proc. SPIE 5711, 166–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, Y. K. Zou, Q. Chen, K. K. Li, R. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Transparent electro-optic ceramics and devices,” Proc. SPIE 5644, 380–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction outputbeam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the electro-optically tuned VBG-ECLD

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Laser spectrum and (b) linewidth measurement by the Fabry-Perot interferometer with a free spectral range of 1 GHz and a linewidth resolution of 3MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) mode-hop-free tuning of ECLD-VBG and (b) laser frequency variation versus the applied voltage to PLZT.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The electro-optic deflector based on PLZT ceramic for angle sweeping and (b) coarse frequency sweeping by changing the incident angle of light beam slightly.

Equations (3)

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ν = c 2 n L = c 2 ( L 1 L n 1 + L 2 L n 2 ) L ,
Δ λ V B G = λ 2 π L r .
Δ n 1 = 1 2 n 1 3 R 33 | E | 2 ,

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