Abstract

A system of three external cavity diode lasers is used to excite Rydberg states in rubidium. The 5S→5P→5D transitions are driven using lasers with λ = 780 and 776 nm respectively. From the 5D state, atoms fluoresce down to the 6P state. The final transition to Rydberg levels is from the 6P state with laser light near λ = 1016 nm. The nS and nD Rydberg states are accessible directly and with the application of a modest electric field nP states can also be excited. As a test of this system, Stark spectra are collected for nD and nP states.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  39. W. Li, I. Mourachko, M. W. Noel, and T. F. Gallagher, “Millimeter-wave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap: quantum defects of the ns, np, and nd series,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052502 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  40. M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark, “Relativistic many-body calculations of electric-dipole matrix elements, lifetimes, and polarizabilities in rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  41. S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (6)

D. Comparat and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade in a cold Rydberg atomic sample [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A208–A232 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, “Quantum information with Rydberg atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2313–2363 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. A. M. Johnson, O. H. Majeed, B. Sanguinetti, Th. Becker, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Absolute frequency measurements of 85Rb nF7/2 Rydberg states using purely optical detection,” New J. Phys. 12, 063028 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (7)

V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. J. Olson and S. K. Mayer, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium,” Am. J. Phys. 77, 116–121 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Sheng, A. Pérez Galván, and L. A. Orozco, “Lifetime measurements of the 5d states of rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

T. C. Killian, T. Pattard, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Ultracold neutral plasmas,” Phys. Rep. 449, 77–130 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Meijer, J. D. White, B. Smeets, M. Jeppesen, and R. E. Scholten, “Blue five-level frequency-upconversion system in rubidium,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1002–1004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

E. Gomez, S. Aubin, L. A. Orozco, and G. D. Sprouse, “Lifetime and hyperfine splitting measurements on the 7s and 6p levels in rubidium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2058–2067 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark, “Relativistic many-body calculations of electric-dipole matrix elements, lifetimes, and polarizabilities in rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. Li, I. Mourachko, M. W. Noel, and T. F. Gallagher, “Millimeter-wave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap: quantum defects of the ns, np, and nd series,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052502 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Boisseau, I. Simbotin, and R. Côté, “Macrodimers: ultralong range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133004 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (4)

M. P. Robinson, B. Laburthe Tolra, Michael W. Noel, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Spontaneous evolution of Rydberg atoms into an ultracold plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4466–4469 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, “Quantum entanglement via optical control of atom–atom interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818–2821 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Greene, A. S. Dickinson, and H. R. Sadeghpour, “Creation of polar and nonpolar ultra-long-range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2458–2461 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Long-range forces between cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1839–1842 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

W. R. Anderson, J. R. Veale, and T. F. Gallagher, “Resonant dipole–dipole energy transfer in a nearly frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 249–252 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

C. Iu, G. D. Stevens, and H. Metcalf, “Instrumentation for multistep excitation of lithium atoms to Rydberg states,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2640–2644 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Grove, V. Sanchez-Villicana, B. C. Duncan, S. Maleki, and P. L. Gould, “Two-photon two-color diode laser spectroscopy of the Rb 5D5/2 state,” Phys. Scr. 52, 271–276 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1979 (1)

M. L. Zimmerman, M. G. Littman, M. M. Kash, and D. Kleppner, “Stark structure of the Rydberg states of alkali-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 20, 2251–2275 (1979).
[Crossref]

1830 (1)

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Akulin, V. M.

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

Anderson, W. R.

W. R. Anderson, J. R. Veale, and T. F. Gallagher, “Resonant dipole–dipole energy transfer in a nearly frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 249–252 (1998).
[Crossref]

Arimondo, E.

Aubin, S.

Balewski, J. B.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barrett, B.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bason, M. G.

Becker, Th.

L. A. M. Johnson, O. H. Majeed, B. Sanguinetti, Th. Becker, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Absolute frequency measurements of 85Rb nF7/2 Rydberg states using purely optical detection,” New J. Phys. 12, 063028 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bendkowsky, V.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bendowsky, V.

V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boisseau, C.

C. Boisseau, I. Simbotin, and R. Côté, “Macrodimers: ultralong range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133004 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Booth, D.

K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Browaeys, A.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Butscher, B.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chotia, A.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciampini, D.

Cirac, J. I.

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, C. W.

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark, “Relativistic many-body calculations of electric-dipole matrix elements, lifetimes, and polarizabilities in rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).
[Crossref]

Comparat, D.

D. Comparat and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade in a cold Rydberg atomic sample [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A208–A232 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Long-range forces between cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1839–1842 (1999).
[Crossref]

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

Côté, R.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boisseau, I. Simbotin, and R. Côté, “Macrodimers: ultralong range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133004 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

de Tomasi, F.

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dickinson, A. S.

C. H. Greene, A. S. Dickinson, and H. R. Sadeghpour, “Creation of polar and nonpolar ultra-long-range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2458–2461 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drag, C.

A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Long-range forces between cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1839–1842 (1999).
[Crossref]

Drishnan, S.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duncan, B. C.

W. Süptitz, B. C. Duncan, and P. L. Gould, “Efficient 5D excitation of trapped Rb atoms using pulses of diode-laser light in the counterintuitive order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1001–1008 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. T. Grove, V. Sanchez-Villicana, B. C. Duncan, S. Maleki, and P. L. Gould, “Two-photon two-color diode laser spectroscopy of the Rb 5D5/2 state,” Phys. Scr. 52, 271–276 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dutta, S. K.

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ensher, J. R.

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Estrin, A. S.

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Evellin, C.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eyler, E. E.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Farooqi, S. M.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Feldbaum, D.

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fioretti, A.

A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Long-range forces between cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1839–1842 (1999).
[Crossref]

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gaëtan, A.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, T. F.

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Li, I. Mourachko, M. W. Noel, and T. F. Gallagher, “Millimeter-wave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap: quantum defects of the ns, np, and nd series,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052502 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. P. Robinson, B. Laburthe Tolra, Michael W. Noel, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Spontaneous evolution of Rydberg atoms into an ultracold plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4466–4469 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Long-range forces between cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1839–1842 (1999).
[Crossref]

W. R. Anderson, J. R. Veale, and T. F. Gallagher, “Resonant dipole–dipole energy transfer in a nearly frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 249–252 (1998).
[Crossref]

Germann, Th.

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gill, A. T.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomez, E.

Gould, P. L.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Süptitz, B. C. Duncan, and P. L. Gould, “Efficient 5D excitation of trapped Rb atoms using pulses of diode-laser light in the counterintuitive order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1001–1008 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. T. Grove, V. Sanchez-Villicana, B. C. Duncan, S. Maleki, and P. L. Gould, “Two-photon two-color diode laser spectroscopy of the Rb 5D5/2 state,” Phys. Scr. 52, 271–276 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Grabowski, A.

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
[Crossref]

Grangier, P.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greene, C. H.

C. H. Greene, A. S. Dickinson, and H. R. Sadeghpour, “Creation of polar and nonpolar ultra-long-range Rydberg molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2458–2461 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grove, T. T.

T. T. Grove, V. Sanchez-Villicana, B. C. Duncan, S. Maleki, and P. L. Gould, “Two-photon two-color diode laser spectroscopy of the Rb 5D5/2 state,” Phys. Scr. 52, 271–276 (1995).
[Crossref]

Guest, J. R.

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

Heidemann, R.

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, P. R.

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, “Quantum entanglement via optical control of atom–atom interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818–2821 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmerich, A.

Henage, T.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Isenhower, L.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iu, C.

Jaksch, D.

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeppesen, M.

Johnson, L. A. M.

L. A. M. Johnson, O. H. Majeed, B. Sanguinetti, Th. Becker, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Absolute frequency measurements of 85Rb nF7/2 Rydberg states using purely optical detection,” New J. Phys. 12, 063028 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, T. A.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jones, M. L.

B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kash, M. M.

M. L. Zimmerman, M. G. Littman, M. M. Kash, and D. Kleppner, “Stark structure of the Rydberg states of alkali-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 20, 2251–2275 (1979).
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Killian, T. C.

T. C. Killian, T. Pattard, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Ultracold neutral plasmas,” Phys. Rep. 449, 77–130 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kleppner, D.

M. L. Zimmerman, M. G. Littman, M. M. Kash, and D. Kleppner, “Stark structure of the Rydberg states of alkali-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 20, 2251–2275 (1979).
[Crossref]

Krishnan, S.

S. M. Farooqi, D. Tong, S. Krishnan, J. Stanojevic, Y. P. Zhang, J. R. Ensher, A. S. Estrin, C. Boisseau, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Long-range molecular resonances in a cold Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183002 (2003).

Kumarakrishnan, A.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laburthe Tolra, B.

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. P. Robinson, B. Laburthe Tolra, Michael W. Noel, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Spontaneous evolution of Rydberg atoms into an ultracold plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4466–4469 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Li, I. Mourachko, M. W. Noel, and T. F. Gallagher, “Millimeter-wave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap: quantum defects of the ns, np, and nd series,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052502 (2003).
[Crossref]

Littman, M. G.

M. L. Zimmerman, M. G. Littman, M. M. Kash, and D. Kleppner, “Stark structure of the Rydberg states of alkali-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 20, 2251–2275 (1979).
[Crossref]

Löw, R.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, “Quantum entanglement via optical control of atom–atom interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818–2821 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacAdam, K. B.

K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992).
[Crossref]

Majeed, H. O.

B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Majeed, O. H.

L. A. M. Johnson, O. H. Majeed, B. Sanguinetti, Th. Becker, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Absolute frequency measurements of 85Rb nF7/2 Rydberg states using purely optical detection,” New J. Phys. 12, 063028 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maleki, S.

T. T. Grove, V. Sanchez-Villicana, B. C. Duncan, S. Maleki, and P. L. Gould, “Two-photon two-color diode laser spectroscopy of the Rb 5D5/2 state,” Phys. Scr. 52, 271–276 (1995).
[Crossref]

Malossi, N.

Mayer, S. K.

A. J. Olson and S. K. Mayer, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium,” Am. J. Phys. 77, 116–121 (2009).
[Crossref]

McIntyre, D. H.

Meijer, T.

Metcalf, H.

Miroshnychenko, Y.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mølmer, K.

M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, “Quantum information with Rydberg atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2313–2363 (2010).
[Crossref]

Morsch, O.

Mourachko, I.

W. Li, I. Mourachko, M. W. Noel, and T. F. Gallagher, “Millimeter-wave spectroscopy of cold Rb Rydberg atoms in a magneto-optical trap: quantum defects of the ns, np, and nd series,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052502 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nipper, J.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
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Noel, M. W.

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K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
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E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
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V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
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A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
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A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115–118 (2009).
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T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
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M. P. Robinson, B. Laburthe Tolra, Michael W. Noel, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Spontaneous evolution of Rydberg atoms into an ultracold plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4466–4469 (2000).
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I. Mourachko, D. Comparat, F. de Tomasi, A. Fioretti, P. Nosbaum, V. M. Akulin, and P. Pillet, “Many-body effects in a frozen Rydberg gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 253–256 (1998).
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Pohl, T.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
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T. C. Killian, T. Pattard, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Ultracold neutral plasmas,” Phys. Rep. 449, 77–130 (2007).
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Radogostowicz, J.

Raithel, G.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
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S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
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W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
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M. P. Robinson, B. Laburthe Tolra, Michael W. Noel, T. F. Gallagher, and P. Pillet, “Spontaneous evolution of Rydberg atoms into an ultracold plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4466–4469 (2000).
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D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
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V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
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T. C. Killian, T. Pattard, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Ultracold neutral plasmas,” Phys. Rep. 449, 77–130 (2007).
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M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, “Quantum information with Rydberg atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2313–2363 (2010).
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E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
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B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
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Scholten, R. E.

Schwettmann, A.

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Shaffer, J. P.

V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
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V. Bendowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules,” Nature 458, 1005–1008 (2009).
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K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
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D. Sheng, A. Pérez Galván, and L. A. Orozco, “Lifetime measurements of the 5d states of rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).
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V. Bendkowsky, B. Butscher, J. Nipper, J. B. Balewski, J. P. Shaffer, R. Löw, T. Pfau, W. Li, J. Stanojevic, T. Pohl, and J. M. Rost, “Rydberg trimers and excited dimers bound by internal quantum reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 163201 (2010).
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Steinbach, A.

K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992).
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Stevens, G. D.

Stuhler, J.

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
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Süptitz, W.

Tallant, J.

K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
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W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
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W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
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Urban, E.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
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E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
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Urbonas, L.

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
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W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
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L. A. M. Johnson, O. H. Majeed, B. Sanguinetti, Th. Becker, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Absolute frequency measurements of 85Rb nF7/2 Rydberg states using purely optical detection,” New J. Phys. 12, 063028 (2010).
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B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
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T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
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T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
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W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
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M. Saffman, T. G. Walker, and K. Mølmer, “Quantum information with Rydberg atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 2313–2363 (2010).
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L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
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E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
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S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
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S. K. Dutta, D. Feldbaum, A. Walz-Flannigan, J. R. Guest, and G. Raithel, “High-angular-momentum states in cold Rydberg gasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3993–3996 (2001).
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White, J. D.

Wieman, C.

K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992).
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Williams, C. J.

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark, “Relativistic many-body calculations of electric-dipole matrix elements, lifetimes, and polarizabilities in rubidium,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).
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T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
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E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
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Zahzam, N.

W. Li, M. W. Noel, M. P. Robinson, P. J. Tanner, T. F. Gallagher, D. Comparat, B. Laburthe Tolra, N. Vanhaecke, T. Vogt, N. Zahzam, P. Pillet, and D. A. Tate, “Evolution dynamics of a dense frozen Rydberg gas to plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 042713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

E. Paradis, B. Barrett, A. Kumarakrishnan, R. Zhang, and G. Raithel, “Observation of superfluorescent emissions from laser-cooled atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. L.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. P.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Drishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Côté, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Zhao, J.

T. Vogt, M. Viteau, J. Zhao, A. Chotia, D. Comparat, and P. Pillet, “Dipole blockade at Förster resonances in high-resolution laser excitation of Rydberg states of cesium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083003 (2006).
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Zoller, P.

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208–2211 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Phys. (2)

K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. J. Olson and S. K. Mayer, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium,” Am. J. Phys. 77, 116–121 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fortschr. Phys. (1)

A. Grabowski, R. Heidemann, R. Löw, J. Stuhler, and T. Pfau, “High resolution Rydberg spectroscopy of ultra-cold rubidium atoms,” Fortschr. Phys. 54, 765–775 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

P. Thoumany, Th. Germann, T. Hänsch, G. Stania, L. Urbonas, and Th. Becker, “Spectroscopy of rubidium Rydberg states with three diode lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 2055–2060 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. B (1)

B. Sanguinetti, H. O. Majeed, M. L. Jones, and B. T. H. Varcoe, “Precision measurements of quantum defects in the nP3/2 Rydberg states of 85Rb,” J. Phys. B 42, 165004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (3)

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110–114 (2009).
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K. R. Overstreet, A. Schwettmann, J. Tallant, D. Booth, and J. P. Shaffer, “Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers,” Nat. Phys. 5, 581–585 (2009).
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