Abstract

Mode-division multiplexing over 33-km few-mode fiber is investigated. It is shown that 6×6 MIMO processing can be used to almost completely compensate for crosstalk and intersymbol interference due to mode coupling in a system that transmits uncorrelated 28-GBaud QPSK signals on the six spatial and polarization modes supported by a novel few-mode fiber.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 851–853 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. J. Winzer and G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  4. A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. P. Tsekrekos and A. M. J. Koonen, “Mitigation of impairments in MGDM transmission with mode-selective spatial filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1112–1114 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.
  7. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.
  8. A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100Gb/s, over 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  10. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.
  11. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1974).
  12. H. Kogelnik and P. J. Winzer are preparing a manuscript to be called “Modal birefringence in weakly guiding fibers.”
  13. W. Q. Thornburg, B. J. Corrado, and X. D. Zhu, “Selective launching of higher-order modes into an optical fiber with an optical phase shifter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 454–456 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).
  15. O. Wallner, W. R. Leeb, and P. J. Winzer, “Minimum length of a single-mode fiber spatial filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2445–2448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).
  17. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.
  18. J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541–4550 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinear effects in mode division multiplexed transmission over few-mode optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).
  20. N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications (Wiley, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Sierra, S. Randel, P. J. Winzer, R. Ryf, and R.-J. Essiambre are preparing a manuscript to be called “Analysis of test sequences for systems with MMSE-based equalization.”
  22. A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29, 543–551 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (5)

P. J. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 851–853 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).

2010 (2)

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

2008 (2)

C. P. Tsekrekos and A. M. J. Koonen, “Mitigation of impairments in MGDM transmission with mode-selective spatial filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1112–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.

2006 (1)

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1983 (1)

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29, 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1974).

Al Amin, A.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alfiad, M. S.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Benvenuto, N.

N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Chen, X.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cherubini, G.

N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Chouayakh, M.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Corrado, B. J.

de Man, E.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foschini, G. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

Goebel, B.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanzawa, N.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Hsu, R. C. J.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, E. G.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

Kainzmaier, P.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koonen, A. M. J.

C. P. Tsekrekos and A. M. J. Koonen, “Mitigation of impairments in MGDM transmission with mode-selective spatial filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1112–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuschnerov, M.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lankl, B.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leeb, W. R.

Li, A.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1974).

Matsui, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

McCurdy, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Mehta, A.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

Mohammed, W.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

Napoli, A.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D. W.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Pitchumani, M.

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

Piyawanno, K.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pupalaikis, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Raybon, G.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

Rosenkranz, W.

S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Sakamoto, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Sayed, A. H.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schnecker, M.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

Schöllmann, S.

S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.

Schrammar, N.

S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.

Shah, A. R.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Spinnler, B.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tarighat, A.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thornburg, W. Q.

Tomita, S.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

Tsekrekos, C. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos and A. M. J. Koonen, “Mitigation of impairments in MGDM transmission with mode-selective spatial filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1112–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. J.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29, 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. M.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29, 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

von Hoyningen-Huene, J.

R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).

Wallner, O.

Winzer, P.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 851–853 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

O. Wallner, W. R. Leeb, and P. J. Winzer, “Minimum length of a single-mode fiber spatial filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2445–2448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. D.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett. 47, 606–608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. J. Winzer, “Energy-efficient optical transport capacity scaling through spatial multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 851–853 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos and A. M. J. Koonen, “Mitigation of impairments in MGDM transmission with mode-selective spatial filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1112–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29, 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Light-wave Technol. (1)

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Light-wave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun (1)

R. Ryf, C. Bolle, and J. von Hoyningen-Huene, “Optical coupling components for spatial multiplexing in multimode fibers,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun . (2011), paper Th.12.B.1 (to be published).

SPIE Opt. Eng. (1)

W. Mohammed, M. Pitchumani, A. Mehta, and E. G. Johnson, “Selective excitation of the LP11 mode in step index fiber using a phase mask,” SPIE Opt. Eng. 45, 074602 (2006).

Other (11)

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, M. Schnecker, and P. J. Pupalaikis, “56-Gbaud PDM-QPSK: coherent detection and 2,500-km transmission,” in Proceedings of European Conf. Opt. Commun. , (VDE-Verlag, 2009), paper PD2.7.

S. Schöllmann, N. Schrammar, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental realisation of 3 x 3 MIMO system with mode group diversity multiplexing limited by modal noise,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper JWA68.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWA4.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Nonlinear effects in mode division multiplexed transmission over few-mode optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Sierra, S. Randel, P. J. Winzer, R. Ryf, and R.-J. Essiambre are preparing a manuscript to be called “Analysis of test sequences for systems with MMSE-based equalization.”

P. J. Winzer and G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express (to be published).
[PubMed]

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100Gb/s, over 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express (to be published).
[PubMed]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference , OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPB10.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1974).

H. Kogelnik and P. J. Winzer are preparing a manuscript to be called “Modal birefringence in weakly guiding fibers.”

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (942 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1259 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The colors indicate the four building blocks discussed in Sec. 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity profiles of the (a) LP01 (Media 1), (b) LP11a (Media 2), and (c) LP11b modes captured after 33-km FMF. (d) Free-space optics principle of the mode multiplexer/demultiplexer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Impulse response magnitudes over the full pattern period for all six received modes for the first data-set (with suboptimal adjustment of mode multiplexer and demultiplexer). The colors identify the transmit mode and match the ones used in Fig. 7.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Impulse response magnitudes over the full pattern period for all six received modes for the second data-set (with optimized adjustment of mode multiplexer and demultiplexer). The colors identify the transmit mode and match the ones used in Fig. 7.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Block diagram of the 6×6 MIMO equalizer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Detailed block diagram of the MIMO equalizer algorithm for one MDM channel.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER vs. OSNRPol for (a) first data set with suboptimal adjustment of the couplers and L = 120, (b) second data set with optimized coupling and L = 120 (c) second data set with L = 80, and (d) with L = 20. (e) Required OSNRPol for BER=10−3 vs. the number of filter taps.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

h ^ k + 1 = h ^ k + 2 μ ( x k h ^ k T s k ) s k * .
y m ( k ) = [ n = 1 6 w m , n T ( k ) x n ( k ) ] exp [ j ϕ ^ m ( k ) ] .
w m , n ( k + 1 ) = w m , n ( k ) + 2 μ [ d m ( k Δ ) y m ( k Δ ) ] x n ( k Δ ) exp [ j ϕ ^ m ( k Δ ) ] .

Metrics