Abstract

We propose a method for controlling modal gain in a multimode Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (MM-EDFA) by tuning the mode content of a multimode pump. By adjusting the powers and orientation of input pump modes, modal dependent gain can be tuned over a large dynamic range. Performance impacts due to excitation of undesired pump modes, mode coupling and macro-bending loss within the erbium-doped fiber are also investigated. The MM-EDFA may potentially be a key element for long haul mode-division multiplexed transmission.

© 2011 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proc. OFC (Los Angeles, CA, USA 2011). Paper PDPB5.
  2. H. T. Hattori and A. Safaai-Jazi, “Fiber designs with significantly reduced nonlinearity for very long distance transmission,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3190–3197 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Yaman, N. Bai, Y.-K. Huang, M.-F. Huang, B. Zhu, T. Wang, and G. Li, “10 x 112Gb/s PDM-QPSK transmission over 5032 km in few-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21342–21349 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. J. Foschini, “Layered space-time architecture for wireless communications in a fading environment when using multielement antennas,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 1(2), 41–59 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “109-Tb/s (7×97×172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB6, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  6. B. Zhu, T. G. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, K. Abedin, P. W. Wisk, D. W. Peckham, and P. Dziedzic, “Space-, wavelength-, polarization-division multiplexed transmission of 56-Tb/s over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB7, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  7. A. Li, A. A. Amin, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB8, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  8. M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Transmission at 2×100-Gb/s over two modes of 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB9, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  9. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB10, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  10. P. M. Krummrich and K. Petermann, “Evaluation of potential optical amplifier concepts for coherent mode multiplexing,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper OMH5, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).
  11. E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers-Principles and Applications, (John Wiley & Son Inc. 1994), Chap. 1.
  12. C. D. Stacey and J. M. Jenkins, “Demonstration of fundamental mode propagation in highly multimode fibre for high power EDFAs,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO 2005), Munich, Germany, June 17, p. 558.
  13. A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 504–517 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Gong, Y. Yuan, C. Li, P. Yan, H. Zhang, and S. Liao, “Numerical modeling of transverse mode competition in strongly pumped multimode fiber lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3236–3246 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. Gloge, “Weakly guiding fibers,” Appl. Opt. 10(10), 2252–2258 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. D. Poole and S.-C. Wang, “Bend-induced loss for the higher-order spatial mode in a dual-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 18(20), 1712–1714 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Marcuse, “Curvature loss formula for optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66(3), 216–220 (1976).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 504–517 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

G. J. Foschini, “Layered space-time architecture for wireless communications in a fading environment when using multielement antennas,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 1(2), 41–59 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1976 (1)

1971 (1)

Bai, N.

Foschini, G. J.

G. J. Foschini, “Layered space-time architecture for wireless communications in a fading environment when using multielement antennas,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 1(2), 41–59 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 504–517 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gloge, D.

Gong, M.

Hattori, H. T.

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

Li, C.

Li, G.

Liao, S.

Marcuse, D.

Poole, C. D.

Safaai-Jazi, A.

Wang, S.-C.

Wang, T.

Yaman, F.

Yan, P.

Yuan, Y.

Zhang, H.

Zhu, B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

G. J. Foschini, “Layered space-time architecture for wireless communications in a fading environment when using multielement antennas,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 1(2), 41–59 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 504–517 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (9)

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proc. OFC (Los Angeles, CA, USA 2011). Paper PDPB5.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “109-Tb/s (7×97×172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB6, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

B. Zhu, T. G. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, K. Abedin, P. W. Wisk, D. W. Peckham, and P. Dziedzic, “Space-, wavelength-, polarization-division multiplexed transmission of 56-Tb/s over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB7, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

A. Li, A. A. Amin, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB8, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Transmission at 2×100-Gb/s over two modes of 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB9, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper PDPB10, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

P. M. Krummrich and K. Petermann, “Evaluation of potential optical amplifier concepts for coherent mode multiplexing,” Proc. OFC 2011, Paper OMH5, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers-Principles and Applications, (John Wiley & Son Inc. 1994), Chap. 1.

C. D. Stacey and J. M. Jenkins, “Demonstration of fundamental mode propagation in highly multimode fibre for high power EDFAs,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO 2005), Munich, Germany, June 17, p. 558.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics