Abstract

We present a novel method for producing drawn metamaterials containing slotted metallic cylinder resonators, possessing strong magnetic resonances in the terahertz range. The resulting structures are either spooled to produce a 2-dimensional metamaterial monolayer, or stacked to produce three-dimensional multi-layered metamaterials. We experimentally investigate the effects of the resonator size and number of metamaterial layers on transmittance, observing magnetic resonances between 0.1 and 0.4 THz, in good agreement with simulations. Such fibers promise future applications in mass-produced stacked or woven metamaterials.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (3)

2010 (11)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, B. Tomás-Navarro, C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Zero-bandwidth mode in a split-ring-resonator-loaded one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 81(23), 233101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. S. J. Russell, “Plasmon resonances on gold nanowires directly drawn in a step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2573–2575 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mazhorova, J. F. Gu, A. Dupuis, M. Peccianti, O. Tsuneyuki, R. Morandotti, H. Minamide, M. Tang, Y. Wang, H. Ito, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Composite THz materials using aligned metallic and semiconductor microwires, experiments and interpretation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24632–24647 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, P. Y. Chen, and S. C. Fleming, “Weaving the invisible thread: design of an optically invisible metamaterial fibre,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18095–18105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Belov, G. K. Palikaras, Y. Zhao, A. Rahman, C. R. Simovski, Y. Hao, and C. Parini, “Experimental demonstration of multiwire endoscopes capable of manipulating near-fields with subwavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. S. Melinger, A. Khachatrian, N. A. Charipar, R. C. Y. Auyeung, and A. Piqué, “Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials by laser printing,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4039–4041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional Integration of Metal or Semimetal Nanowires in Human-Hair-Like Glass Fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

M. Walther, A. Ortner, H. Meier, U. Loffelmann, P. J. Smith, and J. G. Korvink, “Terahertz metamaterials fabricated by inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 251107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Rill, C. E. Kriegler, M. Thiel, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Negative-index bianisotropic photonic metamaterial fabricated by direct laser writing and silver shadow evaporation,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 19–21 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Argyros, “Microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1571–1579 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan and N. A. Mortensen, “Hollow-core infrared fiber incorporating metal-wire metamaterial,” Opt. Express 17(17), 14851–14864 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (8)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Polycarbonate hollow-core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2446–2448 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hou, D. Bird, A. George, S. Maier, B. T. Kuhlmey, and J. C. Knight, “Metallic mode confinement in microstructured fibres,” Opt. Express 16(9), 5983–5990 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. P. Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. S. J. Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Poulton, M. A. Schmidt, G. J. Pearce, G. Kakarantzas, and P. S. J. Russell, “Numerical study of guided modes in arrays of metallic nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1647–1649 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. K. Wiltshire, J. B. Pendry, W. Williams, and J. V. Hajnal, “An effective medium description of'Swiss Rolls', a magnetic metamaterial,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 456216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymers,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1977 (1)

H. J. Schneider and P. Dullenkopf, “Slotted tube resonator: A new NMR probe head at high observing frequencies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48(1), 68–73 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, “Optical properties of indium,” Phys. Rev. B 8(6), 2426–2432 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1935 (1)

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous Diffraction Gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akiyama, K.

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anthony, J.

J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Characterization of a microstructured Zeonex terahertz fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(5), 1013–1018 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Arrington, C. L.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Auyeung, R. C. Y.

Averitt, R. D.

K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12619–12627 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Badinter, E.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional Integration of Metal or Semimetal Nanowires in Human-Hair-Like Glass Fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayindir, M.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belov, P. A.

P. A. Belov, G. K. Palikaras, Y. Zhao, A. Rahman, C. R. Simovski, Y. Hao, and C. Parini, “Experimental demonstration of multiwire endoscopes capable of manipulating near-fields with subwavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bendavid, A.

Benoit, G.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bird, D.

Boltasseva, A.

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

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K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
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K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
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Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sempere, L. N. P.

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. P. Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. S. J. Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shapira, O.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simovski, C. R.

P. A. Belov, G. K. Palikaras, Y. Zhao, A. Rahman, C. R. Simovski, Y. Hao, and C. Parini, “Experimental demonstration of multiwire endoscopes capable of manipulating near-fields with subwavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smirnova, E.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, N. V.

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, “Optical properties of indium,” Phys. Rev. B 8(6), 2426–2432 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. J.

M. Walther, A. Ortner, H. Meier, U. Loffelmann, P. J. Smith, and J. G. Korvink, “Terahertz metamaterials fabricated by inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 251107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, F.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spicer, W. E.

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, “Optical properties of indium,” Phys. Rev. B 8(6), 2426–2432 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strikwerda, A.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strikwerda, A. C.

K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12619–12627 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su, M.

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takano, K.

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

Tao, H.

K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12619–12627 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Temelkuran, B.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thiel, M.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Rill, C. E. Kriegler, M. Thiel, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Negative-index bianisotropic photonic metamaterial fabricated by direct laser writing and silver shadow evaporation,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 19–21 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiginyanu, I. M.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional Integration of Metal or Semimetal Nanowires in Human-Hair-Like Glass Fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tokuda, Y.

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tomás-Navarro, B.

F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, B. Tomás-Navarro, C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Zero-bandwidth mode in a split-ring-resonator-loaded one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 81(23), 233101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsuneyuki, O.

Tuniz, A.

Tyagi, H. K.

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. S. J. Russell, “Plasmon resonances on gold nanowires directly drawn in a step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2573–2575 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. P. Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. S. J. Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uebel, P.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

von Freymann, G.

M. S. Rill, C. E. Kriegler, M. Thiel, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Negative-index bianisotropic photonic metamaterial fabricated by direct laser writing and silver shadow evaporation,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 19–21 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walther, M.

M. Walther, A. Ortner, H. Meier, U. Loffelmann, P. J. Smith, and J. G. Korvink, “Terahertz metamaterials fabricated by inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 251107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

A. Wang, A. Tuniz, P. G. Hunt, E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, A. Bendavid, S. C. Fleming, B. T. Kuhlmey, and M. C. J. Large, “Fiber metamaterials with negative magnetic permeability in the terahertz,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 115–120 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wanke, M. C.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

M. S. Rill, C. E. Kriegler, M. Thiel, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Negative-index bianisotropic photonic metamaterial fabricated by direct laser writing and silver shadow evaporation,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 19–21 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. D.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W.

M. C. K. Wiltshire, J. B. Pendry, W. Williams, and J. V. Hajnal, “An effective medium description of'Swiss Rolls', a magnetic metamaterial,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 456216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

M. C. K. Wiltshire, J. B. Pendry, W. Williams, and J. V. Hajnal, “An effective medium description of'Swiss Rolls', a magnetic metamaterial,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 456216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous Diffraction Gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

Yuan, Z. Y.

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12619–12627 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

P. A. Belov, G. K. Palikaras, Y. Zhao, A. Rahman, C. R. Simovski, Y. Hao, and C. Parini, “Experimental demonstration of multiwire endoscopes capable of manipulating near-fields with subwavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

K. Takano, T. Kawabata, C. F. Hsieh, K. Akiyama, F. Miyamaru, Y. Abe, Y. Tokuda, R. P. Pan, C. L. Pan, and M. Hangyo, “Fabrication of terahertz planar metamaterials using a super-fine ink-jet printer,” Appl. Phys. Express 3, 016701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. O’Hara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belov, G. K. Palikaras, Y. Zhao, A. Rahman, C. R. Simovski, Y. Hao, and C. Parini, “Experimental demonstration of multiwire endoscopes capable of manipulating near-fields with subwavelength resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Walther, A. Ortner, H. Meier, U. Loffelmann, P. J. Smith, and J. G. Korvink, “Terahertz metamaterials fabricated by inkjet printing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 251107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymers,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys-Condens. Mat. (1)

M. C. K. Wiltshire, J. B. Pendry, W. Williams, and J. V. Hajnal, “An effective medium description of'Swiss Rolls', a magnetic metamaterial,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 456216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C. M. Bingham, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz metamaterials on free-standing highly-flexible polyimide substrates,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(23), 232004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional Integration of Metal or Semimetal Nanowires in Human-Hair-Like Glass Fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Metamaterials (Amst.) (1)

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (2)

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous Diffraction Gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48(12), 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, B. Tomás-Navarro, C. García-Meca, R. Ortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Zero-bandwidth mode in a split-ring-resonator-loaded one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 81(23), 233101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. P. Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. S. J. Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, “Optical properties of indium,” Phys. Rev. B 8(6), 2426–2432 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. J. Schneider and P. Dullenkopf, “Slotted tube resonator: A new NMR probe head at high observing frequencies,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48(1), 68–73 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

W. Cai and V. Shalaev, Optical metamaterials: fundamentals and applications (Springer Verlag, 2009).

http://www.zeonex.com .

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” in Proc. SPIE(2010), p. 77281Y.
[PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the direct-draw fabrication procedure. A cm-sized preform consisting of an outer PC jacket, an indium slotted-cylinder and an inner PMMA tube is drawn into fiber and spooled into an array. The final array constitutes a metamaterial layer. (b) Optical microscope image of the cross section of (i) 350 μm, (ii) 300 μm and (iii) 250 μm fiber originating from the same preform. (c) Cross-sectional image of the spooled 250 μm fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the stack-and-draw metamaterial fabrication procedure. A cm-sized preform similar to that presented in Fig. 1(a) is drawn down to a 700 μm fiber and cut into 30 cm pieces. Each piece is inserted into the six holes of a 12 × 3 mm2 rectangular Zeonex preform. This entire structure is re-drawn down to rectangular fibers of 1.5-1.9 mm. (b) Optical microscope image of the cross section of (i) 1.9 mm, (ii) 1.7 mm and (iii) 1.5 mm wide rectangular fiber, containing six slotted resonators. Note that fibers (i) and (ii) have been polished on the sides.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimentally measured (top) and simulated (bottom) transmittance for fibers (i), (ii), (iii) in Fig. 1. (b) The incident magnetic field is directed along the fibers. (c) Color plot of the simulated magnetic fields for each fiber at resonance indicated by the colored arrows and circles on (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimentally measured (top) and simulated (bottom) transmittance for samples (i), (ii), (iii) in Fig. 2. (b) The incident magnetic field is parallel to the slotted resonators. (c) Color plot of the simulated magnetic fields at resonance for one resonator in the slab.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Experimentally measured (top) and simulated (bottom) transmittance for 1, 2, and 3 layers of sample (i) shown in Fig. 2. (b) Optical microscope images of the 2- and 3-layer fiber samples.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the numerically obtained transmittance for open cylinders and closed cylinders for the three-layer case with different separations between cylinders.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Top: experimentally measured and simulated transmittance for 6 sample layers with illumination under (i) direction 1 and (ii) direction 2. Bottom: numerically calculated transmittance of the six-layer metamaterial in each direction for open and closed cylinders. (b) Optical microscope image of the stacked 6-layer metamaterial, which was illuminated with a field propagating in direction 1 and direction 2.

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