Abstract

Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphors were prepared by the Pechini sol-gel process. Under low voltage electron beam excitation, the NaCaPO4: Mn2+ phosphor screen shows bright yellow emission (centering at 560 nm due to the 4T16A1 transition of Mn2+) with the CIE color coordinate (0.428, 0.552), which has a higher color purity than commercial yellow-emitting FED phosphor (Zn, CdS):Ag+. The color range and chromaticity saturation may be greatly enhanced when the yellow-emitting NaCaPO4: Mn2+ is added as an additional phosphor of the typical tricolor FEDs phosphors, which make them have potential to improve the display quality of full-color FEDs.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
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  22. K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011

K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3:Tm3+ as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “LaGaO3:A (A = Sm3+ and/or Tb3+) as promising phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(2), 221–228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

S.-H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Chalamala, Y. Wei, and B. Gnade, “FED up with fat tubes,” IEEE Spectr. 35(4), 42–51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New Developments in the Field of Luminescent Materials for Lighting and Displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1960

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev Electrons in Solids,” Phys. Rev. 117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Chalamala, B.

B. Chalamala, Y. Wei, and B. Gnade, “FED up with fat tubes,” IEEE Spectr. 35(4), 42–51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T. S.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. G.

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. Y.

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cocivera, M.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deng, S. Z.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dhoble, S. J.

K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dierre, B.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, C.

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev Electrons in Solids,” Phys. Rev. 117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gnade, B.

B. Chalamala, Y. Wei, and B. Gnade, “FED up with fat tubes,” IEEE Spectr. 35(4), 42–51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. Y.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, N.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, B. Y.

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J.

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. H.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hreniak, D.

P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. J.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. L.

L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y. D.

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jüstel, T.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New Developments in the Field of Luminescent Materials for Lighting and Displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kai, W.

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ke, W. C.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. B.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “LaGaO3:A (A = Sm3+ and/or Tb3+) as promising phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(2), 221–228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3:Tm3+ as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. S.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “LaGaO3:A (A = Sm3+ and/or Tb3+) as promising phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(2), 221–228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3:Tm3+ as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nikol, H.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New Developments in the Field of Luminescent Materials for Lighting and Displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. D.

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Penczek, J.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Psuja, P.

P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New Developments in the Field of Luminescent Materials for Lighting and Displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, T.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, A. K.

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shinde, K. N.

K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K. S.

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Son, K. H.

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. H.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stoffers, C.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. K.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, B. K.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

B. Chalamala, Y. Wei, and B. Gnade, “FED up with fat tubes,” IEEE Spectr. 35(4), 42–51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Z. R.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, M. B.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, R. J.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, N. S.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-H.

S.-H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. W.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yocom, P. N.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, M.

S.-H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

You, H. P.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zaremba, D.

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.-L.

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. H.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y. H.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Acta Mater.

Q. H. Zhang, J. Wang, C. W. Yeh, W. C. Ke, R. S. Liu, J. K. Tang, M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “Structure, composition, morphology, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of ZnGeN2 and ZnGeN2:Mn2+ for field emission displays,” Acta Mater. 58(20), 6728–6735 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

A. K. Sharma, K. H. Son, B. Y. Han, and K. S. Sohn, “Simultaneous Optimization of Luminance and Color Chromaticity of Phosphors Using a Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(11), 1750–1755 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New Developments in the Field of Luminescent Materials for Lighting and Displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3:Tm3+ as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jiang, F.-L. Zhang, C. J. Summers, and Z. L. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(12), 1677–1679 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Green, blue, and yellow cathodoluminescence of Ba2B5O9Cl thin-films doped with Tb3+, Tm3+, and Mn2+,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2224–2226 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ phosphors for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Zhang, S. Yang, C. Stoffers, J. Penczek, P. N. Yocom, D. Zaremba, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Low voltage cathodoluminescence properties of blue emitting SrGa2S4:Ce3+ and ZnS:Ag,Cl phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(18), 2226–2228 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.

S. Zhang, Y. Huang, W. Kai, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Tunable red luminescence of Mn2+ -doped NaCaPO4 phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(2), J11–J14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eur. J. Inorg. Chem.

N. Guo, Y. H. Song, H. P. You, G. Jia, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. H. Zheng, Y. J. Huang, and H. J. Zhang, “Optical Properties and Energy Transfer of NaCaPO4:Ce3+,Tb3+ Phosphors for Potential Application in Light-Emitting Diodes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2010(29), 4636–4642 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Spectr.

B. Chalamala, Y. Wei, and B. Gnade, “FED up with fat tubes,” IEEE Spectr. 35(4), 42–51 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

C. C. Lin, Z. R. Xiao, G. Y. Guo, T. S. Chan, and R. S. Liu, “Versatile phosphate phosphors ABPO(4) in white light-emitting diodes: collocated characteristic analysis and theoretical calculations,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(9), 3020–3028 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

H. Li, Z. Wang, S. Xu, and J. Hao, “Improved Performance of Spherical BaWO4: Tb3+ Phosphors for Field-Emission Displays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(5), J112–J116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Sohn, Y. G. Choi, Y. Y. Choi, and H. D. Park, “Energy transfer between Tb3+ ions in YAlO3 host,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 147(9), 3552–3558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “LaGaO3:A (A = Sm3+ and/or Tb3+) as promising phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(2), 221–228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanomater.

P. Psuja, D. Hreniak, and W. Strek, “Rare-earth doped nanocrystalline phosphors for field emission displays,” J. Nanomater. 2007, 81350 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A

L. Shi, Y. L. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Emission red shift and unusual band narrowing of Mn2+ in NaCaPO4 phosphor,” J. Phys. Chem. A 114(26), 6927–6934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A

S.-H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev Electrons in Solids,” Phys. Rev. 117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Physica B

K. N. Shinde, S. J. Dhoble, and A. Kumar, “Photoluminescence studies of NaCaPO4:RE (RE=Dy3+, Mn2+ or Gd3+),” Physica B 406(1), 94–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Blasse and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescence Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heideberg, 1994), ch. 4–5.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the CL-Property-Testing equipment for phosphor screen in an analogue FED device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The XRD patterns of representative NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ sample calcined at 700 °C for 2 h and standard data of NaCaPO4 (JCPDS 29-1193).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The section-plane and frontispiece (inset) SEM images of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphor screen.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The CL spectra of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphor screen under different voltage electron beam excitation (Va = 1, 3, 5, 7 kV; Ja = 50 μA/cm2). (b) The CL intensity of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphor screen as a function of Ja (μA/cm2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The CL intensity of NaCaPO4: Mn2+ samples as a function of Mn2+-doping concentration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The luminance of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphor screen as a function of Va (kV) and Ja (μA/cm2).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) CL intensity and (b) chromaticity coordinate decay of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphor screen with the electron beam bombardment time (min).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

CIE chromaticity diagram of NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ and standard FED phosphors. A, B, C, 1 and 2 represent the CIE Chromaticity coordinates of Y2O2S:Eu3+ (P22R), ZnS:Ag:Cl (P22B), ZnS:Cu:Au:Al (P22G), (Zn, Cd)S:Ag+ (Product No.1010, Nichia Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki, Japan) and NaCaPO4: 3 mol% Mn2+ phosphors.

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