Abstract

Lasing from a planar waveguide with the blend of Polystyrene(PS): Poly-methylmethacrylate(PMMA) doped with tris(8 -hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(Alq3) and 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-tert- butyl-6(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran(DCJTB) was investigated. Due to phase separation of the blend of PS:PMMA during the solvent evaporation process, a waveguide with granular surface was obtained, which has 2D island-like nanostructures with diameters ranging between 200 and 400 nm and heights at about 25 nm. Pumped by a YAG laser with wavelength of 355nm, a significant random lasing was observed. Compared to the amplified spontaneous radiation (ASE) of planar waveguides with only PMMA or PS doped with Alq3:DCJTB prepared under the same conditions, the lasing threshold of the former is decreased by about 5 times, and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) is reduced to 1.7nm from 12~15 nm. Our experiments show a promising method to achieve lower threshold for organic lasers.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (1)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

2005 (2)

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(4), 045205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

G. Zacharakis, N. A. Papadogiannis, and T. G. Papazoglou, “Random lasing following two-photon excitation of highly scattering gain media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2511–2513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raith, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, “Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser,” Nature 414(6865), 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Random lasing in ?-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(10), 760–764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

W. L. Barnes and P. Andrew, “Energy transfer under control,” Nature 400(6744), 505–506 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. Tanaka, A. Takahara, and T. Kajiyama, “Film Thickness Dependence of the Surface Structure of Immiscible Polystyrene/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends,” Macromolecules 29(9), 3232–3239 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Balachandran, D. P. Pacheco, and N. M. Lawandy, “Laser action in polymeric gain media containing scattering particles,” Appl. Opt. 35(4), 640–643 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Anastasiadis, S. H.

Andrew, P.

W. L. Barnes and P. Andrew, “Energy transfer under control,” Nature 400(6744), 505–506 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anglos, D.

Apalkov, V. M.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raith, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balachandran, R. M.

R. M. Balachandran, D. P. Pacheco, and N. M. Lawandy, “Laser action in polymeric gain media containing scattering particles,” Appl. Opt. 35(4), 640–643 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes and P. Andrew, “Energy transfer under control,” Nature 400(6744), 505–506 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barry, C.

L. Fang, M. Wei, C. Barry, and J. Mead, “Effect of Spin Speed and Solution Concentration on the Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends,” Macromolecules 43(23), 9747–9753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Belan, V. R.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bouvy, C.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Bradley, R. H.

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Briskina Ch, M.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C. Q.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carlos, L. D.

Cavalieri, S.

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, “Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser,” Nature 414(6865), 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-H.

Chelnokov, E.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Chen, Y.

Chipoline, A.

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Random lasing in ?-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(10), 760–764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.-C.

Daley, R.

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Das, R. N.

Dawson, M. D.

DeLong, M. C.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fang, L.

L. Fang, M. Wei, C. Barry, and J. Mead, “Effect of Spin Speed and Solution Concentration on the Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends,” Macromolecules 43(23), 9747–9753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

Ferreira, R. A. S.

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

Gehlhaar, R.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Giannelis, E. P.

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gu, E.

Guilhabert, B.

Guo, C.-H.

Herrnsdorf, J.

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jakubiak, R.

Kajiyama, T.

K. Tanaka, A. Takahara, and T. Kajiyama, “Film Thickness Dependence of the Surface Structure of Immiscible Polystyrene/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends,” Macromolecules 29(9), 3232–3239 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. L.

Koschorreck, M.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurand, N.

Lawandy, N. M.

R. M. Balachandran, D. P. Pacheco, and N. M. Lawandy, “Laser action in polymeric gain media containing scattering particles,” Appl. Opt. 35(4), 640–643 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

Leo, K.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.-H.

Ling, Y.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

Lyssenko, V. G.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marine, W.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mead, J.

L. Fang, M. Wei, C. Barry, and J. Mead, “Effect of Spin Speed and Solution Concentration on the Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends,” Macromolecules 43(23), 9747–9753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mo, T.-S.

Nakamura, T.

Pacheco, D. P.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

G. Zacharakis, N. A. Papadogiannis, and T. G. Papazoglou, “Random lasing following two-photon excitation of highly scattering gain media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2511–2513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Papazoglou, T. G.

G. Zacharakis, N. A. Papadogiannis, and T. G. Papazoglou, “Random lasing following two-photon excitation of highly scattering gain media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2511–2513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pecoraro, E.

Polson, R. C.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of ?-conjugated polymer ?lms,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(4), 045205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Random lasing in ?-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(10), 760–764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Psyllaki, M.

Raikh, M. E.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Raith, M. E.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raith, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shapiro, B.

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raith, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shard, A. G.

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, M. N.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, Q.

Sov, V. F. Z.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sporken, R.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Stassinopoulos, A.

Su, B.-L.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Swoboda, M.

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahara, A.

K. Tanaka, A. Takahara, and T. Kajiyama, “Film Thickness Dependence of the Surface Structure of Immiscible Polystyrene/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends,” Macromolecules 29(9), 3232–3239 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, A. Takahara, and T. Kajiyama, “Film Thickness Dependence of the Surface Structure of Immiscible Polystyrene/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends,” Macromolecules 29(9), 3232–3239 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N. E.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ton-That, C.

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
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Tulek, A.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of ?-conjugated polymer ?lms,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vaia, R. A.

Vardeny, Z. V.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of ?-conjugated polymer ?lms,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
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S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Watson, I. M.

Wei, M.

L. Fang, M. Wei, C. Barry, and J. Mead, “Effect of Spin Speed and Solution Concentration on the Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends,” Macromolecules 43(23), 9747–9753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, “Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser,” Nature 414(6865), 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Xiao, S.

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Xu, Z.

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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D. Anglos, A. Stassinopoulos, R. N. Das, G. Zacharakis, M. Psyllaki, R. Jakubiak, R. A. Vaia, E. P. Giannelis, and S. H. Anastasiadis, “Random laser action in organic–inorganic nanocomposites,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(1), 208–213 (2004).
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Zakhidov, A. A.

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, R.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Random lasing in ?-conjugated films and infiltrated opals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(10), 760–764 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Koschorreck, R. Gehlhaar, V. G. Lyssenko, M. Swoboda, M. Hoffmann, and K. Leo, “Dynamics of a high-Q vertical-cavity organic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 181108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Zacharakis, N. A. Papadogiannis, and T. G. Papazoglou, “Random lasing following two-photon excitation of highly scattering gain media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2511–2513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quantum Electron (1)

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Briskina Ch, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Z. Sov, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” J. Quantum Electron 20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules (3)

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[CrossRef]

C. Ton-That, A. G. Shard, R. Daley, and R. H. Bradley, “Effects of Annealing on the Surface Composition and Morphology of PS/PMMA Blend,” Macromolecules 33(22), 8453–8459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Fang, M. Wei, C. Barry, and J. Mead, “Effect of Spin Speed and Solution Concentration on the Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends,” Macromolecules 43(23), 9747–9753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano.Technol. (1)

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nano.Technol. 19, 105710 (2008).

Nat. Phys. (2)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, “Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of ?-conjugated polymer ?lms,” Nat. Phys. 6(4), 303–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406(6792), 132–135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes and P. Andrew, “Energy transfer under control,” Nature 400(6744), 505–506 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, “Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser,” Nature 414(6865), 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, “Organic random lasers in the weak-scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. B 71(4), 045205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Stimulated emission in high gain organic media,” Phys. Rev. B 59(8), R5284–R5287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

V. M. Apalkov, M. E. Raith, and B. Shapiro, “Random resonators and prelocalized modes in disordered dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(1), 016802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(11), 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, “Photon statistics of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4524–4527 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Synth. Met. (1)

M. N. Shkunov, M. C. DeLong, M. E. Raikh, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Photonic versus random lasing in opal single crystals,” Synth. Met. 116(1-3), 485–491 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic illustration of configuration of PS:PMMA:Alq3:DCJTB waveguide and excitation-detection. (b) A photograph of emission when the pump energy is above threshold.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

AFM images of the three samples: (a) Sample A, (b) Sample B and, (c1,c2) Sample C

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Edge emission spectra, intensity and FWHM of the three samples plotted as a function of pump energy

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Random lasing action of Sample C with the increase of excitation intensity

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The Thickness and Refractive Index of the Three Samples.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The Peak Wavelength, FWHM and Quality Factor of Random Laser of Sample C.

Metrics