Abstract

We demonstrated the selection of a single comb-line from an optical frequency comb (OFC) of a mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser with a 250 MHz pulse repetition rate, and applied for precision spectroscopy of Rb atoms at 1529 nm. The single comb-line was selected from the fiber-OFC with a 1.5 GHz mode-spacing using spectral-mode-filtering and femtosecond laser injection-locking. When the repetition rate of the mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser was scanned over the range of 382.6 Hz at 250 MHz, we observed the double-resonance optical pumping spectra of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of Rb atoms using the selected comb-line of an OFC scanned over the range of 300 MHz at 196 037 213.8 MHz.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
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  6. J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
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  7. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
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  8. C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  32. H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2157–2164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. W. Wise, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton Yb fiber laser at repetition rates to 1.5 GHz,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1041–1043 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2000

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baklanov, Y. V.

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A. J.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chebotayev, V. P.

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Coq, Y. L.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cossel, K. C.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, F. C.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Miranda, M. H. G.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, H.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckstein, J.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Eckstein, J. N.

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, A. I.

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerginov, V.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glenday, A. G.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F. L.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jost, J.

Kärtner, F. X.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, E. B.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. B.

Kim, S.-W.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-J.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, T. Y.

Lawall, J. R.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L.

Lee, S.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W. K.

Lee, W.-K.

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manescau, A.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mbele, V.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. S.

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2157–2164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Niering, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noh, H. R.

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortega, D.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

Park, C. Y.

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. E.

Park, Y.-H.

Pasquini, L.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peters, E.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, S.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schliesser, A.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sizmann, A.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stein, B.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stowe, M. C.

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suh, H. S.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szentgyorgyi, A.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanner, C. E.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Teets, R.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weitz, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jost, J. Hall, and J. Ye, “Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator,” Opt. Express 10(12), 515–520 (2002).
[PubMed]

Yee, D. S.

Yoon, T. H.

Zhou, S.

Appl. Phys. (Berl.)

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for precision spectroscopy in a Rb vapor cell using the selected comb-line from an OFC based on an MLFL; one part is the 1.5 GHz fiber-OFC (FC cavity: Fabry-Pérot cavity), another part is the femtosecond laser injection-locking (EDFA: Er-doped fiber amplifier, AWG: array waveguide grating, PD: photodiode, Fre. C: frequency counter, SA: RF spectrum analyzer), and the third part is DROP spectroscopy (100-m-long-SMF: 100-m-long single mode optical fiber, HWP: half-wave plate, QWP: quarter-wave plates, DCF: dielectric coated filter, LD: laser diode).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the energy levels included hyperfine structures of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of 85Rb (I = 5/2) and 87Rb (I = 3/2) atoms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modes of an optical frequency comb with (a) 250 MHz mode-spacing before spectral-mode-filtering and (b) 1.5 GHz mode-spacing after spectral-mode-filtering.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative power spectra of the DFB laser injected into the comb-line according to the relative frequency difference between the comb-line and the DFB laser: (a) 0.42 GHz, (b) 0.27 GHz, and (c) 0.20 GHz (optically locking).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative power spectra of the optically locked DFB laser: blue curve, the fixed comb-line; red curve, the comb-line scanned over the range of 1 GHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

DROP spectrum of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transition configuration of LP and LC in the 5S 1/2(F = 2)-5P 3/2(F′ = 2, 3)-4D 3/2(F″ = 1, 2, 3) transition due to the atom group with 204 m/s velocity.

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