Abstract

We report on a kHz, mJ-level, carrier-envelope phase (CEP)-stable ultrabroadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) at 2.1-μm wavelength, pumped by a high-energy, 14 ps, cryogenic Yb:YAG pump laser, and its application to high-order harmonic generation (HHG) with Xe. The pre-amplifier chain is pumped by a 12-ps Nd:YLF pump laser and both pump lasers are optically synchronized to the signal pulse of the OPCPA. An amplified pulse energy of 0.85 mJ was obtained at the final OPCPA stage with good beam profile. The pulse is compressed to 4.5 optical cycles (<32 fs) with a spectral bandwidth of 474 nm supporting 3.5 optical cycles. The CEP stability was measured to be 194 mrad and the super-fluorescence noise is estimated to be ~9%. First HHG results are demonstrated with Xe showing significant cutoff extension to >85 eV with an efficiency of ~10−10 per harmonic, limited by the maximum gas pressure and flow into the chamber. This demonstrates the potential of this 2.1-μm source for scaling of photon energy and flux in the water-window range when applied to Ne and He at kHz repetition rate.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (4)

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, D. Wang, L. Song, J. Liu, P. Liu, C. Xu, Y. Leng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase stabilized intense 1.5 cycle pulses at 1.75 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6783–6789 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6783 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

K.-H. Hong, J. T. Gopinath, D. Rand, A. M. Siddiqui, S.-W. Huang, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, J. D. Hybl, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy, kHz-repetition-rate, ps cryogenic Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1752–1754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (8)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740- μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-1-62 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-7-5540 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Gkortsas, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Analytic scaling analysis of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11217–11229 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-13-11217 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Furch, B. A. Reagan, B. M. Luther, A. H. Curtis, S. P. Meehan, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of an all-diode-pumped soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3352–3354 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. Ö. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of 287 W, 5.5 ps pulses at 78 MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2473–2475 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2002 (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

Arpin, P.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahabad, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandulet, H.-C.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedick, A.

Bhardwaj, S.

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birge, J. R.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, J. A.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, “The Promise of Cryogenic Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 587–599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-7-5540 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. C.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M.-C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chirla, R.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirmi, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colosimo, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curtis, A. H.

Deng, Y.

Dergachev, A.

DiMauro, L. F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Gkortsas, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Analytic scaling analysis of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11217–11229 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-13-11217 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Furch, F. J.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gerrity, M.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giguère, M.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gkortsas, M.

Gkortsas, V.-M.

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J.

Gopinath, J. T.

Gordon, A.

Gu, X.

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. T. Gopinath, D. Rand, A. M. Siddiqui, S.-W. Huang, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, J. D. Hybl, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy, kHz-repetition-rate, ps cryogenic Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1752–1754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. Ö. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of 287 W, 5.5 ps pulses at 78 MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2473–2475 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, S.-W.

Hybl, J.

Hybl, J. D.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ishii, N.

Ishikawa, K. L.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishizuki, H.

Kajumba, N.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaplan, D.

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. T. Gopinath, D. Rand, A. M. Siddiqui, S.-W. Huang, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, J. D. Hybl, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy, kHz-repetition-rate, ps cryogenic Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1752–1754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Gkortsas, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Analytic scaling analysis of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11217–11229 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-13-11217 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-7-5540 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. Ö. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of 287 W, 5.5 ps pulses at 78 MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2473–2475 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gordon and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of keV HHG photon yield with drive wavelength,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2941–2947 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-8-2941 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawanaka, J.

Kieffer, J.-C.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

Killi, A.

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

Lai, C.-J.

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lassonde, P.

Légaré, F.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leng, Y.

Li, C.

Li, E.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. T. Gopinath, D. Rand, A. M. Siddiqui, S.-W. Huang, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, J. D. Hybl, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy, kHz-repetition-rate, ps cryogenic Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1752–1754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Liu, J.

Liu, P.

Luther, B. M.

Manzoni, C.

March, A. M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marcus, G.

Meehan, S. P.

Metzger, T.

Metzger, Th.

Midorikawa, K.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moses, J.

Mücke, O. D.

Muller, H. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishioka, H.

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, K.

Paulus, G. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, D.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rand, D.

Reagan, B. A.

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

Schmidt, B. E.

Schwarz, A.

Seaberg, M.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65(1), 011804 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shiner, A. D.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siddiqui, A.

Siddiqui, A. M.

Sidorenko, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, L.

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D.

Taira, T.

Takahashi, E. J.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C.

Teisset, C. Y.

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-Doped Solid-Stae Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

Trallero-Herrero, C.

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsuji, K.

Villeneuve, D. M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858–6864 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6858 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(7), 073902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

Wheeler, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Xu, Z.

Yamakawa, K.

Zhang, B.

M. C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. L. Falcão-Filho, C.-J. Lai, K.-H. Hong, V.-M. Gkortsas, S.-W. Huang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high-order harmonic efficiencies with visible wavelength drivers: a route to efficient EUV sources,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061107 (2010).
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A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
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D. C. Brown, “The Promise of Cryogenic Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 587–599 (2005).
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J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

V.-M. Gkortsas, S. Bhardwaj, E. L. Falcão-Filho, K.-H. Hong, A. Gordon, and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(4), 045601 (2011).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, (2011), doi:.
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Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
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Opt. Express (6)

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740- μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-1-62 .
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J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-7-5540 .
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A. Gordon and F. X. Kärtner, “Scaling of keV HHG photon yield with drive wavelength,” Opt. Express 13(8), 2941–2947 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-8-2941 .
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Opt. Lett. (7)

T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

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Other (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a kHz 2.1-μm ultrabroadband OPCPA pumped by Nd:YLF and cryogenic Yb:YAG CPA lasers, optically synchronized to the OPCPA signal. (YDFA, ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier; CFBG/CVBG, chirped fiber/volume Bragg grating; MLD, multi-layer dielectric; RGA, regenerative amplifier)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Stretching and compression of picoseconds pulses: (a) 8-pass CVBG stretcher, (b) positively chirped, stretched pulse shape with ~560 ps over ~0.7 nm of spectral bandwidth, and (c) autocorrelation trace of compressed 14.2-ps pulses with 0.25 nm of spectral bandwidth after an MLD grating compressor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical layout of the ultrabroadband CEP-stable 2.1-μm 3-stage OPCPA system. Fine dispersion control is used for efficient amplification with low SF noise. Pulse durations are ~5 ps before the first stage, ~9 ps before the second stage, ~14 ps before the third stage, and 32 fs after the compressor.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplified spectra from the second and third stages (a), the transform-limited pulse duration of 3.5 optical cycles supported by the third-stage spectrum, (b) and the measured IAC trace after compression to 4.5 optical cycles (c).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near-field beam profile after the compressor with a Gaussian beam diameter of ~6 mm (a) and the f-3f spectral interferograms (single shot) over 30 seconds, revealing a CEP stability of 194 mrad. The CEP stability was measured after the second stage followed by a different compressor for convenience.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

HHG spectrum driven by the kHz, 2.1-μm OPCPA using a Xe gas jet. The blue line is measured with an Al filter showing the Al edge at ~70 eV while the red line is measured with a Zr filter showing the cutoff at >85 eV.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Dispersion Compensation of OPCPA System: Major Contributing Dispersion Terms are Specified in Bold. GDD, Group-Delay Dispersion; TOD, Third-Order Dispersion; FOD, Fourth-Order Dispersion

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