Abstract

The optical properties, Faraday effect and Verdet constant of ceramic terbium gallium garnet (TGG) have been measured at 1064 nm, and were found to be similar to those of single crystal TGG at room temperature. Observed optical characteristics, laser induced bulk-damage threshold and optical scattering properties of ceramic TGG were compared with those of single crystal TGG. Ceramic TGG is a promising Faraday material for high-average-power YAG lasers, Yb fiber lasers and high-peak power glass lasers for inertial fusion energy drivers.

© 2011 OSA

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2007 (3)

2006 (2)

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. A. Kagan and E. A. Khazanov, “Thermally induced birefringence in Faraday devices made from terbium gallium garnet-polycrystalline ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 43(32), 6030–6039 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. A. Khazanov, “Investigation of Faraday isolator and Faraday mirror designs for multi-kilowatt power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 115–126 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, T. V.

Arii, T.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Aung, Y. L.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Bisson, J.-F.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, G. S.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, S.

Eberhardt, R.

Eidam, T.

Feng, Y.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Fujita, H.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gabler, T.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Golshan, M.

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanf, S.

Harris, S. E.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hodgson, N.

Hoffman, P. R.

Honea, E.

Ikesue, A.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Jitsuno, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, M. A.

Kamimura, T.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

Kawaguchi, Y.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Kawanaka, J.

Kawashima, T.

Khazanov, E. A.

M. A. Kagan and E. A. Khazanov, “Thermally induced birefringence in Faraday devices made from terbium gallium garnet-polycrystalline ceramics,” Appl. Opt. 43(32), 6030–6039 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Khazanov, “Investigation of Faraday isolator and Faraday mirror designs for multi-kilowatt power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 115–126 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korsunsky, A. M.

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laundy, D.

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. E.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

Liu, A.

Liu, J.

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loftus, T. H.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Q.

Macklin, J. J.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, “MeV x-ray generation with a femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(10), 1527–1530 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikami, T.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Nakatsuka, M.

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “Cryogenic temperature characteristics of Verdet constant on terbium gallium garnet ceramics,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11255–11261 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Norsen, M.

Nozawa, H.

Okamoto, T.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Royse, R.

Sasaki, T.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

Shirai, W.

T. Kamimura, Y. Kawaguchi, T. Arii, W. Shirai, T. Mikami, T. Okamoto, Y. L. Aung, and A. Ikesue, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in transparent YAG ceramics controlled with micro-structural refinement,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 713215 (2009).

Shirakawa, A.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takaichi, K.

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, A. M.

Tokita, S.

Tsybin, I.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueda, K.

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

Ueda, K.-I.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, T.

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, C.

Yagi, H.

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “Cryogenic temperature characteristics of Verdet constant on terbium gallium garnet ceramics,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11255–11261 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

Yanagitani, Y.

H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, K. Ueda, Y. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “The physical properties of composite YAG ceramics,” Laser Phys. 15, 1338–1344 (2005).

Yasuhara, R.

Yoshida, H.

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “Cryogenic temperature characteristics of Verdet constant on terbium gallium garnet ceramics,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11255–11261 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

J. Lu, H. Yagi, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, J.-F. Bisson, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, K.-I. Ueda, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “110 W ceramic Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(1), 25–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, “Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 195–201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Strain Analysis (1)

A. M. Korsunsky, J. Liu, D. Laundy, M. Golshan, and K. Kim, “Residual elastic strain due to laser shock peening: synchrotron diffraction measurement,” J. Strain Analysis 41(2), 113–120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, T. Kamimura, and K. Yoshida, “Dependences of laser-induced bulk damage threshold and crack patterns in several nonlinear crystals on irradiation direction,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2A), 766–769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image showing the microstructure of a typical polycrystalline TGG sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wave-front distortion of non-doped YAG and TGG ceramics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of single crystal TGG and ceramic TGG samples.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic showing the experimental setup for investigating TGG Faraday effects.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Faraday effects of single crystal and ceramic TGG samples.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Damage cracks in (a) TGG single crystal and (b) TGG ceramic samples.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Optical Scattering of Ceramic and Single Crystal TGG Samples

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Table 2 Bulk Damage Threshold for Single Crystal YGG and TGG and YAG Ceramics

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