Abstract

We propose and demonstrate multi-channel parallel format conversions from the non return-to-zero differential phase shift keying (NRZ-DPSK) to the return-to-zero DPSK (RZ-DPSK) using a single semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The simultaneous conversions are based on the cross phase modulation (XPM) effect, which is induced by a synchronous optical clock signal with high input power. The XPM adds an identical phase shift onto every input bit, resulting in the phase difference unchanged. The input spectra are broadened and a subsequent filter is utilized to extract the specific part to form a RZ pulse. 6-channel NRZ-DPSK signals at 40 Gb/s can be converted to the corresponding RZ-DPSK signals with ~-0.8 to −1 dB power penalty for all the channels.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(3), 451–458 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Ye, C. Yan, Y. Lu, F. Liu, and Y. Su, “All-optical regenerative NRZ-to-RZ format conversion using coupled ring-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15325–15331 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15325 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, “Advanced Modulation Formats for High-Capacity Optical Transport Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4711–4728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. W. Lu and T. Miyazaki, “Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZDQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13346–13353 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-13346 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Jian, S. Junqiang, S. Qizhen, Z. Xinliang, and H. Dexiu, “Experimental demonstration on PPLN-based 40 Gbit/s all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-to-RZ, and NRZ-DPSK-to-RZ-DPSK format conversions,” in Optical Fiber Communication & Optoelectronic Exposition & Conference,2008. AOE 2008. Asia, 2008, pp. 1–3.
  9. H. Nguyen Tan, M. Matsuura, T. Katafuchi, and N. Kishi, “Multiple-channel optical signal processing with wavelength-waveform conversions, pulsewidth tunability, and signal regeneration,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22960–22973 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22960 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Yu. Yu, X. Zhang, J. B. Rosas-Fernández, D. Huang, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Single SOA based 16 DWDM channels all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversions with different duty cycles,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16166–16171 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-16166 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Ding, C. Peucheret, M. Pu, B. Zsigri, J. Seoane, L. Liu, J. Xu, H. Ou, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Multi-channel WDM RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 50 Gbit/s based on single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21121–21130 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-20-21121 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 14(1), 331–347 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-331 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, C. Peucheret, M. Pu, B. Zsigri, J. Seoane, L. Liu, J. Xu, H. Ou, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Multi-channel WDM RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 50 Gbit/s based on single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21121–21130 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-20-21121 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

Abedin, K. S.

L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Astar, W.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G. M.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D'Errico, A.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Driscoll, J. B.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.-J.

Green, W. M. J.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo-Wei, L.

L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

Jiangbing, D.

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Katafuchi, T.

Kishi, N.

Kwok, C. H.

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(3), 451–458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lei, G. K. P.

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W.

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(3), 451–458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G. W.

Lu, Y.

Matsuura, M.

Miyazaki, T.

G. W. Lu and T. Miyazaki, “Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZDQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13346–13353 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-13346 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

Nguyen Tan, H.

Nielsen, M. L.

Osgood, R. M.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

Penty, R. V.

Peucheret, C.

Presi, M.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proietti, R.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

Rosas-Fernández, J. B.

Sakaguchi, J.

Seoane, J.

Shu, C.

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

Suzuki, R.

Ueno, Y.

Vlasov, Y. A.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

Winzer, P. J.

Xu, J.

Yan, C.

Ye, T.

Yongheng, D.

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Yu.

Zhang, X.

Zsigri, B.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. H. Kwok and C. Lin, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversion by spectral filtering of a cross phase modulation broadened signal spectrum,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(3), 451–458 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of ~2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

W. Liang, D. Yongheng, G. K. P. Lei, D. Jiangbing, and C. Shu, “All-Optical RZ-to-NRZ and NRZ-to-PRZ Format Conversions Based on Delay-Asymmetric Nonlinear Loop Mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 368–370 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Guo-Wei, K. S. Abedin, and T. Miyazaki, “All-Optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK Phase Multiplexing Using Four-Wave Mixing in Highly Nonlinear Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(21), 1699–1701 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, and E. Ciaramella, “Simultaneous Demodulation and Clock-Recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK Signals Using a Multiwavelength Gaussian Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 791–793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (6)

G. W. Lu and T. Miyazaki, “Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZDQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13346–13353 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-13346 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ye, C. Yan, Y. Lu, F. Liu, and Y. Su, “All-optical regenerative NRZ-to-RZ format conversion using coupled ring-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15325–15331 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15325 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nguyen Tan, M. Matsuura, T. Katafuchi, and N. Kishi, “Multiple-channel optical signal processing with wavelength-waveform conversions, pulsewidth tunability, and signal regeneration,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22960–22973 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22960 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu. Yu, X. Zhang, J. B. Rosas-Fernández, D. Huang, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Single SOA based 16 DWDM channels all-optical NRZ-to-RZ format conversions with different duty cycles,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16166–16171 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-16166 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ding, C. Peucheret, M. Pu, B. Zsigri, J. Seoane, L. Liu, J. Xu, H. Ou, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Multi-channel WDM RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 50 Gbit/s based on single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 18(20), 21121–21130 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-20-21121 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 14(1), 331–347 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-331 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. Jian, S. Junqiang, S. Qizhen, Z. Xinliang, and H. Dexiu, “Experimental demonstration on PPLN-based 40 Gbit/s all-optical NRZ-to-CSRZ, NRZ-to-RZ, and NRZ-DPSK-to-RZ-DPSK format conversions,” in Optical Fiber Communication & Optoelectronic Exposition & Conference,2008. AOE 2008. Asia, 2008, pp. 1–3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

the experimental setup and operation principle

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

measured spectra (a) before the SOA (b) after the SOA (c) one of the converted RZ-DPSK (d) the demodulated RZ-DPSK (Res: 0.05nm)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured eye diagrams of all the channels (a) the input NRZ-DPSK signals (b) the converted RZ-DPSK signals (c) the demodulated NRZ-DPSK signals at AMI port (d) the demodulated NRZ-DPSK signals at DB port (e) the demodulated RZ-DPSK signals at AMI port (f) the demodulated RZ-DPSK signals at DB port

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER measurements for all the channels

Metrics