Abstract

We propose a novel idea for the suppression of the dominant mode of the single-mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode (SMFP-LD) to realize all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder. The basic principle of the proposed scheme is the power management of input beams to suppress the dominant mode of the SMFP-LD for multi-input injection locking. The proposed principle is explained and implemented to realize all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder at an input data rate of 10 Gbps. A clear eye opening with an extinction ratio of about 12 dB and a rising-falling time of less than 40 ps are observed at the outputs. The bit error rate (BER) performance is measured for all logic gates and half adder operation. We found there is no BER floor up to BER of 10−12 and the maximum power penalty of about 1.2 dB at a BER of 10−9.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for Terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1428–1435 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Maeda, “All-optical NAND logic device operating at 1.51-1.55 μm in Er-doped aluminosilicate glass,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 582–584 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, D. Gurkan, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical half adder using an SOA and a PPLN waveguide for signal processing in optical networks,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10255–10260 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Y. Kim, J. Kang, T. Kim, and S. Han, “All-Optical Multiple Logic Gates With XOR, NOR, OR, and NAND Functions Using Parallel SOA-MZI Structures: Theory and Experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3392–3399 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. R. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 104–110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 536–538 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).
  15. Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, S. O. Choi, and J. H. Yoon, “Tunable single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diode using a built-in external cavity and its modulation characteristics,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2586–2588 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Lang, “Injection locking properties of semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. QE-18, 976–983 (1982).
  17. E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Horner and E. Patzak, “Large signal analysis of all-optical wavelength conversion using two-mode injection-locking in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 596–608 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and B. Riposati, “IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(10), 2993–3011 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for Terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1428–1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y. Maeda, “All-optical NAND logic device operating at 1.51-1.55 μm in Er-doped aluminosilicate glass,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 582–584 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. Horner and E. Patzak, “Large signal analysis of all-optical wavelength conversion using two-mode injection-locking in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 596–608 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. Lang, “Injection locking properties of semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. QE-18, 976–983 (1982).

Avramopoulos, H.

Berrettini, S. G.

S. G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, and, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogoni, A.

S. G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, and, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y. T.

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

Cho, J. S.

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

Choi, S. O.

Chung, W. H.

Clavero, R.

Colle, D.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demokan, M. S.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Ellis, A. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Gurkan, D.

Han, S.

Hill, M. T.

Hoang, N. L.

J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

Holm-Nielsen, P. V.

Horner, J.

J. Horner and E. Patzak, “Large signal analysis of all-optical wavelength conversion using two-mode injection-locking in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 596–608 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y. D.

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, S. O. Choi, and J. H. Yoon, “Tunable single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diode using a built-in external cavity and its modulation characteristics,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2586–2588 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

Jhon, Y. M.

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.

Kang, M.

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kehayas, E.

Kelly, A. E.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. Y.

Kim, S. H.

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kumar, S.

Lang, R.

R. Lang, “Injection locking properties of semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. QE-18, 976–983 (1982).

Lau, E. K.

E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. S.

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lui, L. F.

Lui, L. F. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, Y.

Y. Maeda, “All-optical NAND logic device operating at 1.51-1.55 μm in Er-doped aluminosilicate glass,” Electron. Lett. 35(7), 582–584 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malacarne, A.

S. G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, and, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marti, J.

Martinez, J. M.

Monroy, I. T.

Moses, B.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Patzak, E.

J. Horner and E. Patzak, “Large signal analysis of all-optical wavelength conversion using two-mode injection-locking in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 596–608 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, I. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pickavet, M.

Poti, L.

S. G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, and, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qureshi, K. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, F.

Riposati, B.

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, “Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing,” Science 286(5444), 1523–1528 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for Terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simi, A.

S. G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, and, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Son, C. W.

C. W. Son, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, and T.-H. Yoon, “Realization of All-Optical XOR, NOR, and NAND gates in single format by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(1), 232–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stampoulidis, L.

Stubkjaer, K. E.

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1428–1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H. K.

E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. Wai, L. F. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsiokos, D.

Uddin, M. R.

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Caenegem, R.

Wai, P. K.

Wai, P. K. A.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Won, Y. H.

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Uddin, J. S. Lim, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates Using Single Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1468–1470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

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J. S. Cho, N. L. Hoang, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, ““Optical Bistability of an Injection-Locked Single-Mode Fabry-Pérot Laser Diode and Its Application to an Optical Flip-Flop,” CLEO/PR2007 Seoul, Korea,” ThP 097(Aug), 26–31 (2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Block diagram of all-optical multi-logic functions. (b) Schematic of the spectrum for (i) Injection locking (ii) Multi-input injection locking (iii) Supporting beam for suppressing the dominant mode (c) Power level management for the proposed scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental set up for the multi-logic functions and digital half adder operation. TL: Tunable laser; PC: Polarization controller; PPG: Pulse pattern generator; Mod: Modulator; CO: Coupler; OC: Optical circulator; BPF: Band pass filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical power spectrum traces for all-optical NAND, XNOR and inverter function using SMFP-LDs, where A and B are inputs and C is the NAND output, E is the XNOR output and F is the inverter of input E. (a) {A: B: C: E } = { 0: 0: 1: 1 }, (b) {A: B: C: E } = { 0: 1: 1: 0 }, (c) {A: B: C: E } = { 1: 0: 1: 0}, (d) {A: B: C: E } = { 1: 1: 0: 1}, (e) {E:F} = {0: 1} and (f) {E:F} = {1: 0}.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope traces of (a) inputs (A and B) and outputs (C, G, E and F) waveform for all-optical logic gates (b) Corresponding eye diagrams.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Rising-falling edge of (a) the NAND gate (b) the AND gate (c) the XNOR gate and (d) the XOR gate.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER measurements for proposed all-optical logic gates

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Truth table of the proposed logic gate and half adder.

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