Abstract

We present the experimental realization of nanofiber Bragg grating (NFBG) by drilling periodic nano-grooves on a subwavelength-diameter silica fiber using focused ion beam milling technique. Using such NFBG structures we have realized nanofiber cavity systems. The typical finesse of such nanofiber cavity is F ∼ 20 – 120 and the on-resonance transmission is ∼ 30 – 80%. Moreover the structural symmetry of such NFBGs results in polarization-selective modes in the nanofiber cavity. Due to the strong confinement of the field in the guided mode, such a nanofiber cavity can become a promising workbench for cavity QED.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (1)

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Cavity-enhanced channeling of emission from an atom into a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency in atoms around a nanofiber with a pair of Bragg grating mirrors,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, “Single atoms on an optical nanofibre,” New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Scattering of an evanescent light field by a single cesium atom near a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 013819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

2003 (3)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, and S. Haroche, “Colloquium: manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565–582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999).

1998 (1)

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. J. Thompson, G. Rempe, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of normal-mode splitting for an atom in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1132–1135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Krieger, 1989).

1985 (1)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics (CBS College, 1985).

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atatüre, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badolato, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balykin, V. I.

K. P. Nayak, P. N. Melentiev, M. Morinaga, F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Optical nanofibers as an efficient tool for probing and manipulating atomic fluorescence,” Opt. Express 15, 5431–5438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Scattering of an evanescent light field by a single cesium atom near a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 013819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bowen, W. P.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brune, M.

J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, and S. Haroche, “Colloquium: manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565–582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Davis, C. C.

Dayan, B.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doherty, A. C.

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dulashko, Y.

Dutta Gupta, S.

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falt, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, T.

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furusawa, A.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georgiades, N. Ph.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, B.

Giessen, H.

Groothoff, N.

Gulde, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hakuta, K.

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Cavity-enhanced channeling of emission from an atom into a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency in atoms around a nanofiber with a pair of Bragg grating mirrors,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, “Single atoms on an optical nanofibre,” New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Nayak, P. N. Melentiev, M. Morinaga, F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Optical nanofibers as an efficient tool for probing and manipulating atomic fluorescence,” Opt. Express 15, 5431–5438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Scattering of an evanescent light field by a single cesium atom near a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 013819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

Haroche, S.

J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, and S. Haroche, “Colloquium: manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565–582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hatami, F.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennessy, K.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hodzic, V.

Hood, C. J.

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, E. L.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huntington, S.

Ilchenko, V. S.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999).

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thompson, G. Rempe, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of normal-mode splitting for an atom in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1132–1135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Kien, F.

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency in atoms around a nanofiber with a pair of Bragg grating mirrors,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Cavity-enhanced channeling of emission from an atom into a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Nayak, P. N. Melentiev, M. Morinaga, F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Optical nanofibers as an efficient tool for probing and manipulating atomic fluorescence,” Opt. Express 15, 5431–5438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Scattering of an evanescent light field by a single cesium atom near a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 013819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

Lukin, M. D.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lynn, T. W.

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mabuchi, H.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Krieger, 1989).

Martelli, C.

Maunz, P.

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meiser, D.

Melentiev, P. N.

Meltz, G.

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S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
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Park, H.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parkins, A. S.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinkse, P. W. H.

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
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Raimond, J. M.

J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, and S. Haroche, “Colloquium: manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565–582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rempe, G.

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Thompson, G. Rempe, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of normal-mode splitting for an atom in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1132–1135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivoire, K.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
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Santori, C.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shields, B.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solomon, G. S.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
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D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Thompson, R. J.

R. J. Thompson, G. Rempe, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of normal-mode splitting for an atom in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1132–1135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
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K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilcut, E.

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winger, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics (CBS College, 1985).

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

Zhang, X.

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nano Lett. (1)

D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vuckovic, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (7)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 443, 671–674 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. H. Pinkse, T. Fischer, P. Maunz, and G. Rempe, “Trapping an atom with single photons,” Nature 404, 365–368 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, “Single atoms on an optical nanofibre,” New J. Phys. 10, 053003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

F. Le Kien, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Scattering of an evanescent light field by a single cesium atom near a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 013819 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Cavity-enhanced channeling of emission from an atom into a nanofiber,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053826 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien and K. Hakuta, “Intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency in atoms around a nanofiber with a pair of Bragg grating mirrors,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Le Kien, S. Dutta Gupta, V. I. Balykin, and K. Hakuta, “Spontaneous emission of a cesium atom near a nanofiber: efficient coupling of light to guided modes,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032509 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, “Cavity QED with high-Q whispering gallery modes,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293–R2296 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. E 6501, 016608 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Thompson, G. Rempe, and H. J. Kimble, “Observation of normal-mode splitting for an atom in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1132–1135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, and S. Haroche, “Colloquium: manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565–582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble, “The atom-cavity microscope: single atoms bound in orbit by single photons,” Science 287, 1447–1453 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999).

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics (CBS College, 1985).

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics (Krieger, 1989).

F. Le Kien, K. P. Nayak, and K. Hakuta, “Nanofibers with Bragg gratings from equidistant holes,” Preprint: arXiv:1103.1789 (2011), http://arxiv.org/abs/1103.1789v1 .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) The SIM image of a nanofiber Bragg grating. Periodic nano-grooves are drilled on the nanofiber using the FIB milling technique. The diameter of the fiber is ∼ 560 nm. Each groove has a depth of ∼ 100 nm and width of ∼ 150 nm. The grating period is ΛG ∼ 360 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Transmission spectrum of single-period (green curve) and chirped (red curve) NFBGs. The bottom and top horizontal axes show the wavelength and frequency of the input light respectively. The dashed curves show the calculated spectra assuming effective sinusoidal variation of the core refractive index.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) The spectrum (i) (green curve) and (ii) (blue curve) show the transmission spectrum of a 100 μm nanofiber cavity for two orthogonal input polarizations x- and y-polarization, respectively. The spectrum (iii) and (iv) (brown curves) show the theoretically calculated spectra for input polarizations perpendicular and parallel to the plane of the grooves respectively. (b) Expanded view of a part of the cavity spectrum for the x-polarization. The inset shows the Lorentzian fit (red curve) for the narrowest cavity mode C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) The transmission spectrum of a 50 μm nanofiber cavity for an input polarization perpendicular to the plane containing the grooves (x-polarization).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) The transmission spectrum of a long nanofiber cavity. The cavity consists of two chirped NFBGs separated by ∼ 5 mm (see text for details). The black and red curves show the cavity modes for two orthogonal polarizations.

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