Abstract

A full-duplex lightwave transport system employing phase-modulated radio-over-fiber (RoF) and intensity-remodulated CATV signals in two-way transmission is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The transmission performances of RoF and CATV signals are investigated in bidirectional way, with the assistance of only one optical sideband and optical single sideband (SSB) schemes at the receiving sites. The experimental results show that the limitation on the optical modulation index (OMI) of the downlink RoF signal can be relaxed due to the constant intensity of phase modulation scheme. Impressive transmission performances of bit error rate (BER), carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR), composite second-order (CSO), and composite triple-beat (CTB) were obtained over two 20-km single-mode fiber (SMF) links. This proposed system reveals an outstanding one with economy and convenience to be installed.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Omella1, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk1, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and J. Prat,andI. Tomkos, “Full-duplex bidirectional transmission at 10 Gbps in WDM PONs with RSOA-based ONU using offset optical filtering and electronic equalization,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5008–5013 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Y. Lin, C. H. Chang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, and C. H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19043–19048 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. L. Ying, and C. Y. Li, “Novel ROF/FTTX/CATV hybrid three-band transport system,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6980–6989 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. H. Yeh and C. W. Chow, “Heterogeneous radio-over-fiber passive access network architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering interferometric beat noise,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5735–5740 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. T. Hsueh, H. C. Chien, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Performance assessment of radio links using millimeter-wave over fiber technology with carrier suppression through modulation index enhancement,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 254–258 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Bonang, and C. Y. Kuo, “Long distance 1550 nm fiber optic CATV supertrunking,” Harmonic Lightwaves Inc. Technical Report (1997).
  15. H. H. Lu, “CSO/CTB Performances improvement by using optical VSB modulation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1478–1480 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

W. Y. Lin, C. H. Chang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, and C. H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19043–19048 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. H. Lu, “CSO/CTB Performances improvement by using optical VSB modulation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1478–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birbas, A. N.

Chang, C. H.

W. Y. Lin, C. H. Chang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, and C. H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H. C.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Yeh and C. W. Chow, “Heterogeneous radio-over-fiber passive access network architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering interferometric beat noise,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5735–5740 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

Contestabile, G.

Ho, W. J.

W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. L. Ying, and C. Y. Li, “Novel ROF/FTTX/CATV hybrid three-band transport system,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6980–6989 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y. T.

Hu, H. W.

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Jensen, J. B.

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kikidis, J.

Klonidis, D.

Kung Chang, G.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lázaro, J. A.

Lee, Y. J.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. Y.

W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. L. Ying, and C. Y. Li, “Novel ROF/FTTX/CATV hybrid three-band transport system,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6980–6989 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. Y.

Lu, H. H.

W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. L. Ying, and C. Y. Li, “Novel ROF/FTTX/CATV hybrid three-band transport system,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6980–6989 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Lin, C. H. Chang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, and C. H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lu, “CSO/CTB Performances improvement by using optical VSB modulation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1478–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, A.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Omella1, M.

Papagiannakis, I.

Peng, H. C.

W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. L. Ying, and C. Y. Li, “Novel ROF/FTTX/CATV hybrid three-band transport system,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6980–6989 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P. C.

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Lin, C. H. Chang, P. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, and C. H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peucheret, C.

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

Presi, M.

Prince, K.

Proietti, R.

Schrenk1, B.

Shih, F. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, H. S.

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh and C. W. Chow, “Heterogeneous radio-over-fiber passive access network architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering interferometric beat noise,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5735–5740 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ying, C. L.

Yu, J.

Y. T. Hsueh, H. C. Chien, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Performance assessment of radio links using millimeter-wave over fiber technology with carrier suppression through modulation index enhancement,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 254–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zibar, D.

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett.

C. C. Lin, H. H. Lu, W. J. Ho, H. C. Peng, and C. Y. Li, “A bidirectional WDM transport system based on RSOAs and optoelectronic feedback technique,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 14(10), 969–971 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, J. B. Jensen, D. Zibar, C. Peucheret, and I. T. Monroy, “Converged wireless and wireline access system based on optical phase modulation for both radio-over-fiber and baseband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1816–1817 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lu, “CSO/CTB Performances improvement by using optical VSB modulation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(10), 1478–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol.

C. H. Chang, H. S. Su, H. H. Lu, P. C. Peng, and H. W. Hu, “Integrating fiber to the home and POF in-door routing CATV transport system,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 28(12), 1864–1869 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

Lightw. Technol.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” IEEE/OSA J,” Lightw. Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

C. Bonang, and C. Y. Kuo, “Long distance 1550 nm fiber optic CATV supertrunking,” Harmonic Lightwaves Inc. Technical Report (1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental configuration of our proposed full-duplex lightwave transport systems with phase-modulated RoF and intensity-remodulated CATV signals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The optical spectrum before (Fig. 1 insert (i)) the DI. (b) The optical spectrum before (Fig. 1 insert (ii)) the OBPF. (c) The optical spectrum after (Fig. 1 insert (iii)) the OBPF. (d) The optical spectrum before (Fig. 1 insert (iv)) the OBPF. (e) The optical spectrum after (Fig. 1 insert (v)) the OBPF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The measured BER curves of 1.25Gbps/10GHz data channel.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Eye diagram for case of 20km and CATV off (with OBPF).(b) Eye diagram for case of 20km and CATV off (without OBPF).(c) Eye diagram for case of 20km and CATV on (with OBPF).(d) Eye diagram for case of 20km and CATV on (without OBPF).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The measured CNR values under NTSC channel number. (b) The measured CSO values under NTSC channel number. (c) The measured CTB values under NTSC channel number.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E o u t ( t ) = E 0 n ( j ) n J n ( β ) e j ( ω 0 + n ω m ) t
C N R = ( C N R R I N 1 + ( C N R t h 1 + C N R s h o t 1 ) + ( C N R s i g s p 1 + C N R s p s p 1 ) ) 1
C S O = 20 log [ N C S O [ d G ( P , λ ) d λ ] Δ λ 2 G ( P , λ ) ]
C T B = 20 log [ N C T B [ d 2 G ( P , λ ) d λ 2 ] Δ λ 2 4 G ( P , λ ) ]

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