Abstract

We demonstrate nonlinear pulse compression based on recently introduced highly coherent broadband supercontinuum (SC) generation in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fiber (ANDi PCF). The special temporal properties of the octave-spanning SC spectra generated with 15 fs, 1.7 nJ pulses from a Ti:Sapphire oscillator in a 1.7 mm fiber piece allow the compression to 5.0 fs high quality pulses by linear chirp compensation with a compact chirped mirror compressor. This is the shortest pulse duration achieved to date from the external recompression of SC pulses generated in PCF. Numerical simulations in excellent agreement with the experimental results are used to discuss the scalability of the concept to the single-cycle regime employing active phase shaping. We show that previously reported limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of SC spectra generated in conventional PCF possessing one or more zero dispersion wavelengths do not apply for ANDi PCF.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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2011 (4)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

A. A. Voronin and A. M. Zheltikov, “Soliton-number analysis of soliton-effect pulse compression to single-cycle pulse widths,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

G. Chang, T. B. Norris, and H. G. Winful, “Optimization of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers for pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 28(7), 546–548 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

1995 (1)

Amorim, A. A.

Apolonski, A.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

Bartelt, H.

Bernardo, L. M.

Bosman, G. W.

Burgdörfer, J.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

Coen, S.

Crespo, H. M.

Debarge, G.

Demmler, S.

Dombi, P.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

Fuji, T.

Gallion, P.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Hooper, L. E.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jocher, C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Knight, J. C.

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

Lazaridis, P.

Lemell, C.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Matsubara, J. E.

Mosley, P. J.

Muir, A. C.

Norris, T. B.

Oliveira, P.

Paschotta, R.

Rohwer, E. G.

Rothhardt, J.

Schenkel, B.

Schwoerer, H.

Sekikawa, T.

Silva, J. L.

Tempea, G.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tognetti, M. V.

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, T.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Voronin, A. A.

A. A. Voronin and A. M. Zheltikov, “Soliton-number analysis of soliton-effect pulse compression to single-cycle pulse widths,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Winful, H. G.

Yakovlev, V. S.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. A. Voronin and A. M. Zheltikov, “Soliton-number analysis of soliton-effect pulse compression to single-cycle pulse widths,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. A. Voronin and A. M. Zheltikov, “Soliton-number analysis of soliton-effect pulse compression to single-cycle pulse widths,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063834 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. X. Kärtner, Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber NL-1050-NEG-1, http://www.nktphotonics.com

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic experimental pulse compression setup. CM chirped mirrors; L aspheric lens; PM parabolic mirror; T telescope; BCM broadband chirped mirror; P periscope. (b) Dispersion profile and scanning electron microscope picture of the ANDi PCF used in the experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured spectrum at 1.7 nJ pulse energy, comparison with numerical simulation and measured spectral phase after compression. (b) Reconstructed temporal pulse envelope and corresponding simulation result. (c) Measured SPIDER trace of the compressed pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Simulated spectral evolution over 10 mm propagation distance in the ANDi PCF for a 1.7 nJ, 15 fs input pulse. (b) Achievable pulse width using linear compression only (black cross) and full phase compensation (red dot). The insets show examples of compressed pulse profiles for linear compression.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Mean spectrum and degree of coherence for 4 nJ, 15 fs input pulses and 10 mm fiber length, calculated over the simulation ensemble. (b) Mean compressed pulse obtained using an ideal compressor based on the median spectral phase.

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