Abstract

We present a linear self-referenced measurement of the spectral amplitude and phase of a free-running quantum-dash modelocked laser diode. The technique is suitable for measuring optical signals with repetition rates up to 100 GHz. In contrast to many other linear techniques it requires no external electronic clock synchronized to the signal under test. Using this method we are able to compensate for the intracavity dispersion of the diode to demonstrate 500 fs pulses at a repetition rate of 39.8 GHz. We also use the technique to characterize the dependence of the diode’s intracavity dispersion on the applied current.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, “Sub-picosecond pulse generation by 40-GHz passively mode-locked quantum-dash 1-mm-long Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19166–19172 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, “Sub-picosecond pulse generation by 40-GHz passively mode-locked quantum-dash 1-mm-long Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19166–19172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Accard, A.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akrout, A.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aubin, G.

Barry, L. P.

Blache, F.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boittin, R.

Brenot, R.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Yi Lin, L. F.

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Debeau, J.

Derouin, E.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dijk, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dijk, F. V.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Drisse, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G.-H.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gariah, H.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gosset, C.

Gouezigou, O. L.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, H.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kane,

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kovanis, V.

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, B.

Kwakernaak, M.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Landais, P.

S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, and P. Landais, “Sub-picosecond pulse generation by 40-GHz passively mode-locked quantum-dash 1-mm-long Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19166–19172 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Landreau, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Latkowski, S.

LeGouezigou, O.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, G. Moreau, A. Martinez, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Phase-amplitude characterization of a high-repetition-rate quantum dash passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1848–1850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lester, D. J.

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Make, D.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado-Basilio, R.

Mallecot, F.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, G. Moreau, A. Martinez, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Phase-amplitude characterization of a high-repetition-rate quantum dash passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1848–1850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merghem, K.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, G. Moreau, A. Martinez, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Phase-amplitude characterization of a high-repetition-rate quantum dash passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1848–1850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreau, G.

Murdoch, S. G.

Neiger, A.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J.-L.

Poingt, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, F.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Provost, J.-G.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramdane, A.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, G. Moreau, A. Martinez, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, “Phase-amplitude characterization of a high-repetition-rate quantum dash passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(12), 1848–1850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, D. A.

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schreieck, R.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, A.

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Usechak, N. G.

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, W.

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yongchun Xin,

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akrout, F. V. Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouezigou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, and A. Ramdane, “High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications,” Bell Labs Tech. J. 14(3), 63–84 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Renaudier, G. H. Duan, P. Landais, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(2), 147–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

N. G. Usechak, Yongchun Xin, L. F. Chang-Yi Lin, D. J. Lester, Kane, and V. Kovanis, “Modeling and direct electric-field measurements of passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 653–660 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. Dijk, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kwakernaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jackel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, “Spectral phase measurement of mode-locked diode laser pulses by beating sidebands generated by electrooptical mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(12), 1677–1679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

A. Shen, J. G. Provost, A. Akrout, B. Rousseau, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, F. Poingt, L. Legouezigou, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Low confinement factor quantum dash (QD) mode-locked Fabry-Perot (FP) laser diode for tunable pulse generation,” Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OThK1 (2008).

A. Akrout, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, H. Gariah, F. Blache, G. H. Duan, and A. Ramdane, “Spectrum Filtering and Pulse Compression of Quantum-Dash Mode-Locked Lasers Emitting at 1.55 mm,” Proc. 34th Eur. Conf. on Optical Commun., P2.20 (2008).

X. Tang, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, and G. H. Duan, “Characterization of a mode-locked quantum-dash Fabry-Perot laser based on measurement of the complex optical spectrum,” Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. on Optical Commun. P2.21 (2009).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of a typical acquisition of the measurement system with the optical local oscillator positioned between two 40 GHz signal modes. The three required signals at δ, Ω - δ - f, and Ω - f are clearly visible. Inset is the recovered phase plotted as a function of time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured spectral amplitude and phase of the QD-MLLD at 340 mA drive current. (a) after 9 m of SMF, (b) after 119 m of SMF. The circles and diamonds show the measured spectral amplitude and phase of each laser mode. The solid lines are independent measurements of the laser’s spectrum using a grating spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal amplitude and phase of the QD-MLLD at 340 mA drive current. (a) after 9 m of SMF, (b) after 119 m of SMF. The solid lines and the dashed lines show the temporal amplitude and phase obtained from the spectral amplitude and phase measurements of Fig. 3. The dotted lines show the independent measurement of the intensity profile using a fast photodiode and electronic sampling oscilloscope.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Temporal intensity trace of the pulse measured after 119 m of SMF (Fig. 4(b)). (b) Temporal intensity trace of the pulse measured after 9 m of SMF (Fig. 4(a)) with the dispersion of the additional 110 m of SMF applied numerically.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured spectral amplitude and phase of the QD-MLLD after 9 m of SMF at 340 mA (stars), 240 mA (squares) and 140 mA (circles). (b) Measured temporal intensity profile of QD-MLLD pulse after 119 m of SMF at 340 mA (solid line), 240 mA (dotted line) and 140 mA (dashed line).

Equations (2)

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E s i g ( t ) = m = N N ( P m exp ( j m Ω t + j ϕ m ) ) exp ( j ω s t + j ϕ s ( t ) )
S ( t ) P L O P k cos ( δ t + ϕ L O ( t ) ϕ s ( t ) ϕ k ) + P L O P k + 1 η cos ( ( Ω δ f ) t ϕ L O ( t ) + ϕ s ( t ) ϕ f ( t ) + ϕ k + 1 ) + A f u n d η cos ( ( Ω f ) t ϕ f ( t ) + ϕ f u n d ) + DC terms + higher frequency terms .

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