Abstract

The fundamental-mode arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) for all-optical discrete Fourier transformer (DFT) shows significant feasibility in the system tolerance of all-optical sampling orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (AOS-OFDM) systems. We discuss the system tolerance of AWG-based DFT designs for 100/160Gbps OFDM transmission system in comparison with coupler-based DFT designs.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

2010 (2)

A. J. Lowery, “Design of Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Routers for use as optical OFDM demultiplexers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 14129–14143 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

2002 (1)

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, “Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(11), 2107–2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Armstrong, J.

Benlachtar, Y.

Bouziane, R.

Cartolano, A.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chu, Y.

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cincotti, G.

Doerr, C. R.

Glick, M.

Goh, T.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, “Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(11), 2107–2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hoe, J. C.

Huang, B.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-K.

Killey, R. I.

Kitayama, K.

Kitoh, T.

Koutsoyannis, R.

Kravtsov, K. S.

Lee, K.

Li, W.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

Ma, W.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

Milder, P.

Mori, A.

Oguma, M.

Okamoto, K.

Prucnal, P. R.

Püschel, M.

Rangaraj, D.

Rhee, J.-K. K.

Siegman, A. E.

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, “Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(11), 2107–2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, “Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(11), 2107–2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Takiguchi, K.

Thai, C. T. D.

Van Dam, C.

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wad, N.

Wang, Z.

Watts, P. M.

Xie, S.

Zhang, H.

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X. O.

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, T.

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Chu, X. O. Zheng, H. Zhang, X. Liu, and Y. Guo, “The impact of phase errors on arrayed waveguide gratings,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1122–1129 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 236–250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

W. Li, X. Liang, W. Ma, T. Zhou, B. Huang, and D. Liu, “A planar waveguide optical discrete Fourier transformer design for 160 Gb/s all-optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 5–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (3)

A. Sano, H. Masuda, E. Yoshida, T. Kobayashi, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, F. Inuzuka, Y. Hibino, Y. Takatori, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, and Y. Sakamaki, “30x100-Gb/s all-optical OFDM transmission over 1300 km SMF with 10 ROADM nodes,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 33th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Berlin, 2007), Paper PDS1.7.

S. Lim and J.-K. K. Rhee, “System performance of 2x2 coupler-based all-optical OFDM System,” in Photonics in Switching, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PWF2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=PS-2010-PWF2

Y.-K. Huang, R. Saperstein, and T. Wang, “All-optical OFDM transmission with coupler-based IFFT/FFT and pulse interleaving,” in proceedings of IEEE conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Acapulco, 2008), pp.408–409.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of phase errors of IDFTs and DFTs in coupler-based Marhic circuits (a) and fundamental-mode AWGs (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power transfer functions of proposed 4x25GHz all-optical DFT for the ideal case (a), and typical examples with phase errors in coupler-based DFT (b) and in FM-AWG (c), respectively, according to the phase error models in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of a 4x25 Gbps AOS-OFDM system (a), Rx optical waveform before and after electro-absorption modulator pulse carver (b), comb spectrum of Tx pulse train and power spectral density of fundamental mode AWG-based AOS-OFDM (c), proposed DFT processors (d).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Waveform examples of 4x25 Gbps OFDM symbols generated with and without random phase errors. Phase rotations are measured with respect to the optical carrier frequency of 0 GHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

System performance of the two AOS-OFDM systems (a) and the yield curves of FM-AWG-based 8x20 Gbps AOS-OFDM system (b).

Equations (1)

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f ( φ m ) = { A     e φ m 2 / 2 σ 2   ,              | φ m | 2 σ             0            ,                 otherwise .

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