Abstract

Silver folded dipoles consisting of two parallel nanowires may operate as efficient transmitting and receiving nanoantennas in the optical domain in both cases of silver-nanowire-terminated arm-edges and open-terminated arm-edges, in contrast to their conventional radio-frequency (RF) counterparts that only operate efficiently when they are short-wire-terminated arm-edges. The mode decomposition analysis with the equivalent circuit reveals that the difference of the wave numbers between the common and the differential modes allows this feature for the optical folded dipole nanoantenna under both arm-edge conditions. The analysis also estimates the efficiency of the folded dipoles via the equivalent radius of nanowires for the common mode. These folded nanostructures may exhibit the enhanced efficiency with the maintained radiation patterns, where the efficiency of folded dipoles is the same as that of the effective single dipole at resonance.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Wireless at the nanoscale: optical interconnects using matched nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 213902 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Dey, J. Kohoutek, R. M. Gelfand, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Quantum-cascade laser integrated with a metal-dielectric-metal-based plasmonic antenna,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2783–2785 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858–6 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science 317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, D. Modotto, S. Boscolo, F. Sacchetto, M. Midrio, A. D. Capobianco, F. M. Pigozzo, and C. G. Someda, “Modeling of enhanced field confinement and scattering by optical wire antennas,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16792–16800 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Locatelli, “Analysis of the optical properties of wire antennas with displaced terminals,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9504–9510 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Hertzian plasmonic nanodimer as an efficient optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).
  26. R. C. Johnson, and H. Jasik, Antenna Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. (McGraw Hill, New York, 1984).
  27. K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  28. CST. Microwave Studio, 2009, http://www.cst.com .
  29. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, “Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter,” Opt. Lett. 22(7), 475–477 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Wireless at the nanoscale: optical interconnects using matched nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 213902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Locatelli, “Analysis of the optical properties of wire antennas with displaced terminals,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9504–9510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dey, J. Kohoutek, R. M. Gelfand, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Quantum-cascade laser integrated with a metal-dielectric-metal-based plasmonic antenna,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2783–2785 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (7)

A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, D. Modotto, S. Boscolo, F. Sacchetto, M. Midrio, A. D. Capobianco, F. M. Pigozzo, and C. G. Someda, “Modeling of enhanced field confinement and scattering by optical wire antennas,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16792–16800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Hertzian plasmonic nanodimer as an efficient optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858–6 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science 317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1980 (1)

G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alu, A.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Wireless at the nanoscale: optical interconnects using matched nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 213902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Hertzian plasmonic nanodimer as an efficient optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Betsudan, S.

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonakdar, A.

Boscolo, S.

Bratschitsch, R.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Capobianco, A. D.

Cherukulappurath, S.

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cornelius, T. W.

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crozier, K.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K. B.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cubukcu, E.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

Dey, D.

Duò, L.

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisler, H. J.

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ekelman, E. P.

G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).

Engheta, N.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Wireless at the nanoscale: optical interconnects using matched nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 213902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Hertzian plasmonic nanodimer as an efficient optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science 317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esteban, R.

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Etxarri, A. G.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feichtner, T.

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finazzi, M.

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García-Etxarri, A.

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelfand, R. M.

Ghenuche, P.

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greffet, J. J.

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanke, T.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henderson, L. W.

G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).

Hillenbrand, R.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, H. F.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. S.

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huber, A. J.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kadoya, Y.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karim, S.

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katagi, T.

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, B. K.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kocabas, S. E.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kohoutek, J.

Kort, E. A.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kosako, T.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, G.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Latif, S.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Locatelli, A.

Ly-Gagnon, D.-S.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mallouk, T.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midrio, M.

Miller, D. A. B.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizusawa, M.

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Modotto, D.

Mohseni, H.

Morimoto, A.

Mühlschlegel, P.

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neubrech, F.

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noguchi, K.

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okyay, A. K.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pigozzo, F. M.

Pohl, D. W.

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pucci, A.

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richter, L. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sacchetto, F.

Salandrino, A.

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saraswat, K. C.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Someda, C. G.

Stefani, F. D.

Takahara, J.

Taki, H.

Taminiau, T. H.

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858–6 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, L.

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thiele, G. A.

G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).

Träutlein, D.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tuchscherer, P.

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858–6 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voronine, D. V.

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wild, B.

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A (1)

G. A. Thiele, E. P. Ekelman, and L. W. Henderson, “On the accuracy of the transmission line model of the folded dipole,” IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop. A 700–703, 28 (1980).

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

K. Noguchi, S. Betsudan, T. Katagi, and M. Mizusawa, “A compact broad-band helical antenna with two-wire helix,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(9), 2176–2181 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. G. Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Tang, S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, “Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 226–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (6)

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelly, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Huang, D. V. Voronine, P. Tuchscherer, T. Brixner, and B. Hecht, “Deterministic spatiotemporal control of optical fields in nanoantennas and plasmonic circuits,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76(24), 245403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Optical spectrometer at the nanoscale using optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Hertzian plasmonic nanodimer as an efficient optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

R. Esteban, T. V. Teperik, and J. J. Greffet, “Optical patch antennas for single photon emission using surface plasmon resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(2), 026802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Biagioni, J. S. Huang, L. Duò, M. Finazzi, and B. Hecht, “Cross resonant optical antenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 256801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hanke, G. Krauss, D. Träutlein, B. Wild, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Efficient nonlinear light emission of single gold optical antennas driven by few-cycle near-infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic mode mapping of resonant plasmon nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 116805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Neubrech, A. Pucci, T. W. Cornelius, S. Karim, A. García-Etxarri, and J. Aizpurua, “Resonant plasmonic and vibrational coupling in a tailored nanoantenna for infrared detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 157403 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Wireless at the nanoscale: optical interconnects using matched nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 213902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

P. Mühlschlegel, H. J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Engheta, “Circuits with light at nanoscales: optical nanocircuits inspired by metamaterials,” Science 317(5845), 1698–1702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. C. Johnson, and H. Jasik, Antenna Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. (McGraw Hill, New York, 1984).

CST. Microwave Studio, 2009, http://www.cst.com .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Snap shots (in time) of electric field distributions of Ag folded dipole nanoantennas obtained using the CST Microwave Studio™ simulation. (a) Open-terminated arm-edges at 304 THz and (b) Ag nanowire-terminated arm-edges at 301 THz. (dimensions; L = 110 nm, r = 5 nm, d = 15 nm, and g = 3 nm)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Relationship of currents and feed voltages between (a) folded dipole, (b) common mode, (c) effective single dipole, and (d) differential mode. The equivalent circuit is also presented in (e).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wave numbers (real part (a) and imaginary part (b)) of the single nanowire, and the common and differential modes of the parallel nanowire as a function of the nanowire radius. The dots (shown as “circles” for the single nanowire, “crosses” for the common mode and “triangles” for the differential mode of the parallel nanowire transmission line) are the results of the CST Microwave Studio™ simulation. The solid lines for the single nanowire are the results based on the analysis of Takahara, et al. in Ref [30]. The insets show the magnetic field distributions in the cross sections at r = 5 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Frequency variation of wave numbers (real part (a) and imaginary part (b)) of the single nanowire having a 6.5-nm equivalent radius and the common mode of the parallel nanowire. The dots (shown as “circles” for the single nanowire and “crosses” for the common mode of the parallel nanowire transmission line) are the results of the CST Microwave Studio simulation. The solid lines for the single nanowire are the results based on the analysis of Takahara, et al. in Ref [30].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated impedances of (a) the effective single dipole with a 6.5-nm equivalent radius, (b) the open-terminated stub, and (c) the Ag nanowire-terminated stub. The stubs have the dimensions of a 5-nm nanowire radius, a 15-nm center-to-center separation, and the half nanowire length. (solid lines: real part, dashed lines: imaginary part) The insets show the enlarged feeding structures in which (a) the dipole has the circular capacitor having a 6.5-nm radius and (a), (b) the stubs have no capacitors.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Impedances of the open-terminated folded dipole having the dimensions of r = 5 nm and d = 15 nm. (a) Simulation result of the folded dipole model (Fig. 1(a)); and (b) the calculated result using the equivalent circuit (Fig. 2(e)) incorporating impedances of the effective single dipole (Fig. 5(a)) and open-terminated stub (Fig. 5(b)). (solid lines: real part, dashed lines: imaginary part) The inset of (a) shows the enlarged feeding structure that has a 5-nm radius capacitor.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Impedances of the Ag nanowire-terminated folded dipole having the dimensions of r = 5 nm and d = 15 nm. (a) Simulation result of the folded dipole model (Fig. 1(b)); and (b) the calculated result using the equivalent circuit (Fig. 2(e)) incorporating impedances of the effective single dipole (Fig. 5(a)) and Ag nanowire-terminated stub (Fig. 5(c)). (solid lines: real part, dashed lines: imaginary part) The inset of (a) shows the enlarged feeding structure that has a 5-nm radius capacitor.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Efficiency, Resistances, and Resonance Frequency for Four Dipoles

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Z s i m = ( Z c a p 1 + Z f o l d 1 ) 1 ,
Z c a p = ( i ω ε 0 π r 2 / g ) 1 ,
Z f o l d = ( ( ν i 2 Z e f f _ d i p ) 1 + ( 2 Z s t u b ) 1 ) 1 ,
Z e f f _ d i p = ( R r a d _ e f f _ d i p + R l o s s _ e f f _ d i p ) + i X e f f _ d i p = ν i V f o l d / ( I 1 + I 2 ) ,
Z s t u b = Z c ( Z e d g e + Z c tanh ( β d i f L / 2 ) ) / ( Z c + Z e d g e tanh ( β d i f L / 2 ) ) = ( V f o l d / 2 ) / [ ( 1 ν i ) I 1 ν i I 2 ] ,

Metrics