Abstract

The first demonstration of a mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by 1-μm optical vortex pulses is presented. A 0.5-mJ 2-μm fractional vortex pulse having half-integer topological charge is generated. Using this system, 0.24-mJ vortex pulses with a topological charge of 1 can be created. The topological charges of the mid-infrared vortex pulses are observed by an interferometric technique in combination with second-harmonic frequency conversion.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (3)

2004 (5)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6(2), 259–268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Lee, X.-C. Yuan, and K. Dholakia, “Experimental observation of optical vortex evolution in a Gaussian beam with an embedded fractional phase step,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, E. R. Eliel, J. P. Woerdman, E. J. K. Verstegen, J. G. Kloosterboer, and G. W. ’t Hooft, “Production and characterization of spiral phase plates for optical wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 43(3), 688–694 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

A. V. Smith and D. J. Armstrong, “Generation of vortex beams by an image-rotating optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 11(8), 868–873 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-8-868 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1-6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato and E. Takaoka, “Sellmeier and thermo-optic dispersion formulas for KTP,” Appl. Opt. 41(24), 5040–5044 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

I. V. Basistiy, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Optical wavefront dislocations and their properties,” Opt. Commun. 119(5-6), 604–612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

’t Hooft, G. W.

Allen, L.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

Armstrong, D. J.

Basistiy, I. V.

I. V. Basistiy, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Optical wavefront dislocations and their properties,” Opt. Commun. 119(5-6), 604–612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6(2), 259–268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beržanskis, A.

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, N.

Bretschneider, S.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chujo, K.

Courtial, J.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1-6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

W. M. Lee, X.-C. Yuan, and K. Dholakia, “Experimental observation of optical vortex evolution in a Gaussian beam with an embedded fractional phase step,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggeling, C.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eliel, E. R.

Fujii, M.

Y. Iketaki, T. Watanabe, N. Bokor, T. Omatsu, T. Hiraga, K. Yamamoto, and M. Fujii, “Measurement of contrast transfer function in super-resolution microscopy using two-color fluorescence dip spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 61(1), 6–10 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1-6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamazaki, J.

Hell, S. W.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiraga, T.

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hirose, T.

Huguenin, J. A. O.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iketaki, Y.

Y. Iketaki, T. Watanabe, N. Bokor, T. Omatsu, T. Hiraga, K. Yamamoto, and M. Fujii, “Measurement of contrast transfer function in super-resolution microscopy using two-color fluorescence dip spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 61(1), 6–10 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Indebetouw, G.

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishiuchi, S.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Kato, K.

Khoury, A. Z.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kloosterboer, J. G.

Kobayashi, Y.

Koss, B. A.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1-6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, M.

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. M.

W. M. Lee, X.-C. Yuan, and K. Dholakia, “Experimental observation of optical vortex evolution in a Gaussian beam with an embedded fractional phase step,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matijošius, A.

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

Morita, R.

Nakamura, K.

Nussenzveig, P.

M. Martinelli, J. A. O. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oemrawsingh, S. S. R.

Oka, K.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimatake, K.

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, N. B.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smilgevicius, V.

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Soskin, M. S.

I. V. Basistiy, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Optical wavefront dislocations and their properties,” Opt. Commun. 119(5-6), 604–612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stabinis, A.

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Sum-frequency mixing of optical vortices in nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 150(1-6), 372–380 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beržanskis, A. Matijošius, A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Conversion of topological charge of optical vortices in a parametric frequency converter,” Opt. Commun. 140(4-6), 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takaoka, E.

Tanda, S.

Toda, Y.

Tokizane, Y.

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsubota, M.

van Houwelingen, J. A. W.

Vasnetsov, M. V.

I. V. Basistiy, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Optical wavefront dislocations and their properties,” Opt. Commun. 119(5-6), 604–612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Verstegen, E. J. K.

Watanabe, T.

Y. Iketaki, T. Watanabe, N. Bokor, T. Omatsu, T. Hiraga, K. Yamamoto, and M. Fujii, “Measurement of contrast transfer function in super-resolution microscopy using two-color fluorescence dip spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 61(1), 6–10 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, E. R. Eliel, J. P. Woerdman, E. J. K. Verstegen, J. G. Kloosterboer, and G. W. ’t Hooft, “Production and characterization of spiral phase plates for optical wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 43(3), 688–694 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

Y. Iketaki, T. Watanabe, N. Bokor, T. Omatsu, T. Hiraga, K. Yamamoto, and M. Fujii, “Measurement of contrast transfer function in super-resolution microscopy using two-color fluorescence dip spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 61(1), 6–10 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.-C.

W. M. Lee, X.-C. Yuan, and K. Dholakia, “Experimental observation of optical vortex evolution in a Gaussian beam with an embedded fractional phase step,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 129–135 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6(2), 259–268 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (5)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for a mid-infrared KTP OPO pumped by a 1-μm vortex beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial profiles of the 1.064-μm vortex output for (a) OV1, and (b) OV2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characteristics of the output vortices: energies per pulse pumped by (a) OV1 and (b) OV2; (c) temporal evolution of the signal output, and (d) lasing spectrum of the signal output.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial profiles of (a) the signal output pumped by OV1, (b) the signal output pumped by OV2, (c) the idler output pumped by OV1, and (d) the idler output pumped by OV2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spatial profiles and wavefronts of the frequency-doubled signal output: SHG profiles pumped by (a) OV1 and (b) OV2; panels (c) and (d) show the interference patterns corresponding to panels (a) and (b), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spatial profiles and wavefronts of the frequency-doubled idler output: SHG profiles pumped by (a) OV1 and (b) OV2; panels (c) and (d) show the interference patterns corresponding to panels (a) and (b), respectively.

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