Abstract

A double-clad Yb-doped all-normal-dispersion fiber laser with a narrow intra-cavity spectral filter is demonstrated to produce 22 nJ pulses at 42.5 MHz repetition rate. These pulses are characterized and compressed via mulitphoton intrapulse interference phase scan to as short as 42 fs and 10 nJ/pulse. Adaptive compression underlies the achievement of 250-kW peak power, which enables efficient second and third harmonic generation with spectra spanning 30 nm and 20 nm, respectively.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011 (2)

2010 (5)

C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8680–8687 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. J. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1569–1571 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Y. F. Tsang, “Optical third-harmonic generation at interfaces,” Phys. Rev. A 52(5), 4116–4125 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(24), 2226–2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Aguergaray, C.

Baumgartl, M.

Borukhovich, I.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 593–595 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausnitzer, T.

Coello, Y.

Cruz, J. M. D.

Dantus, M.

Deng, Y. J.

Dudley, J. M.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, and A. J. Schmidt, “Mode locking with cross-phase and self-phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 16(7), 502–504 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuchs, H. J.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gunaratne, T. C.

Gunn, J. M.

Haberl, F.

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8680–8687 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(24), 2226–2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. O.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lim, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control,” Opt. Express 10(25), 1497–1502 (2002).
[PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(24), 2226–2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

Kieu, K.

Kley, E. B.

Kobayashi, Y. H.

Kracht, D.

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Normal dispersive ultrafast fiber oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 170–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kruglov, V.

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefrancois, S.

Lefrançois, S.

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

Limpert, J.

Liu, C. H.

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Méchin, D.

Morgner, U.

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Normal dispersive ultrafast fiber oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 170–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Pastirk, I.

Pestov, D.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 593–595 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruehl, A.

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Normal dispersive ultrafast fiber oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 170–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Schreiber, T.

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sosnowski, T. S.

Stutzki, F.

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(24), 2226–2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K. J.

Tsang, T. Y. F.

T. Y. F. Tsang, “Optical third-harmonic generation at interfaces,” Phys. Rev. A 52(5), 4116–4125 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tseng, C.

Tünnermann, A.

Ulgudur, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Normal dispersive ultrafast fiber oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 170–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Xu, B.

Yoshitomi, D.

Zellmer, H.

Zhou, X. Y.

Zöllner, K.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(24), 2226–2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Normal dispersive ultrafast fiber oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 170–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

T. Y. F. Tsang, “Optical third-harmonic generation at interfaces,” Phys. Rev. A 52(5), 4116–4125 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 023814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, Inc., 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the double-clad Yb all-normal-dispersion fiber laser cavity and the setup for pulse characterization and adaptive compression via MIIPS (dash-line box). SMF-I and SMF-II: single mode passive fiber section I and II; QWP and HWP: quarter- and half-waveplates; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; L1, 2, 3: plano-convex lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerical simulation results. (a) Evolution of pulse duration (black) and spectral bandwidth (red) through the laser cavity. SA: saturable absorber; SF: spectral filter. (b) Comparison of the spectrum at the end of the 2nd SMF (red) and the spectrum of the 0th order diffraction from the intra-cavity grating (black). (c) The pulse temporal profile at the end of the 2nd SMF in log-10 scales (black line) and parabolic fit (red dots). Insert: the same pulse temporal profile in linear scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output laser spectrum (black) and measured phase of the output pulses (red). (b) Experimental interferometric autocorrelation, AC FWHM 57 fs. (c) RF spectrum analyzer result, 1 MHz frequency span. Insert: pulse train form oscilloscope. Repetition rate 42.5 MHz, energy per pulse 21.9 nJ. (d) RF spectrum analyzer result, 500 MHz span.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental and calculated SHG spectra shown in linear (solid line) and log-10 (dash line) scales. (b) Experimental THG spectrum obtained by focusing TL pulses at the surface of a glass slide. (c) Experimental and calculated interferometric autocorrelation traces for compressed laser pulses on the range of −150 fs to 150 fs. Insert: Same data on the range of −500 fs to 500 fs.

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