Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate phase-regenerative wavelength conversion in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides, using either: a single-stage implementation based on a simultaneous combination of two cascaded second-order nonlinear effects in a single periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide, or a two-stage implementation where two separate devices are used in sequence to give rise to the same nonlinear effects. The phase regeneration properties of the proposed wavelength conversion schemes are also investigated.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4973–4979 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Croussore, and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative DPSK wavelength conversion,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic Society (LEOS) (Lake Bueta Vista, Florida, 2007), pp. 147–148.
  4. K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative wavelength conversion for BPSK and DPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 70–72 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Shirasaki and H. A. Haus, “Squeezing of pulses in a nonlinear interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(1), 30–34 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2579–2592 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(8), 1020–1022 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Liu, K. J. Lee, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Elimination of the chirp of optical pulses through cascaded nonlinearities in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3724–3726 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Ip, A. P. Lau, D. J. Barros, and J. M. Kahn, “Coherent detection in optical fiber systems,” Opt. Express 16(2), 753–791 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Elimination of the chirp of optical pulses through cascaded nonlinearities in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3724–3726 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative wavelength conversion for BPSK and DPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 70–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, M. G. Raymer, and L. Schenato, “Unimpaired phase-sensitive amplification by vector four-wave mixing near the zero-dispersion frequency,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2178–2189 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

1999 (2)

K. Gallo and G. Assanto, “Analysis of lithium niobate all-optical wavelength shifters for the third spectral window,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(5), 741–753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(8), 1020–1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Andrekson, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

K. Gallo and G. Assanto, “Analysis of lithium niobate all-optical wavelength shifters for the third spectral window,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(5), 741–753 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(8), 1020–1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barros, D. J.

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative wavelength conversion for BPSK and DPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 70–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2579–2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallo, K.

Giltrelli, M.

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsia, C. H.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J. M.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, S.

Langrock, C.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2579–2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P.

Lee, K. J.

Li, G.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative wavelength conversion for BPSK and DPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 70–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Lundstrom, C.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McGeehan, J. E.

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2579–2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

O'Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petropoulos, P.

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Elimination of the chirp of optical pulses through cascaded nonlinearities in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3724–3726 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20393–20400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Raymer, M. G.

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Elimination of the chirp of optical pulses through cascaded nonlinearities in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3724–3726 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roussev, R.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schenato, L.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shirasaki, M.

Sjodin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(8), 1020–1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2579–2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, “Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(8), 1020–1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys. (1)

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. E. Marhic, C. H. Hsia, and J. M. Jeong, “Optical amplification in a nonlinear fiber interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 27(3), 210–211 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. E. McGeehan, M. Giltrelli, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical digital 3-input AND gate using sum- and difference-frequency generation in a PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 43(7), 409–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(2), 195–205 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 861–863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, K. Gallo, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Retiming of short pulses using quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(2), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative wavelength conversion for BPSK and DPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 70–72 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

K. Croussore, and G. Li, “Phase-regenerative DPSK wavelength conversion,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optic Society (LEOS) (Lake Bueta Vista, Florida, 2007), pp. 147–148.

T. Suhara, and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer, 2003), Chap. 11.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operational principle of the phase-regenerative wavelength conversion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of two-stage phase-regenerative wavelength conversion based on cSFG/DFG and cSHG/DFG in two separate PPLN waveguides.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of single-stage phase-regenerative wavelength conversion based on cSFG/DFG and cSHG/DFG in a single PPLN waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for the proposed single-stage PR-WC based on a combination of cSHG/DFG and cSFG/DFG. AM: amplitude modulator, PC: polarization controller, EDFA: erbium-doped fibre amplifier, OSA: optical spectrum analyser, OP: optical processor.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured output spectra of the single-stage PR-WC showing the phase-sensitive swing (measured with a resolution of 0.05 nm). (b) Measured (symbols) and calculated phase-sensitive swing (solid line) plotted as a function of the relative input signal phase for the single-stage PR-WC.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for the two-stage PR-WC scheme based on a combination of cSHG/DFG and cSFG/DFG in two cascaded PPLN waveguides. CW: continuous wave, PC: polarization controller, EDFA: erbium-doped fibre amplifier, HNLF: highly nonlinear fibre, OP: optical processor, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer, PM: phase modulator, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Measured output spectra of the two-stage PR-WC scheme showing the phase-sensitive swing (measured with a resolution of 0.05 nm). (b) The measured (red spots) and calculated phase-sensitive swing (blue curve) plotted as a function of the relative input signal phase, and the calculated input-output phase relationship of ideal case (black trace) and the two-stage PR-WC scheme (red trace).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Measured phase distribution at the input and (b) the output.

Equations (8)

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d A p 1 d z = i ω p 1 κ S F G A s f A s * exp ( i Δ k S F G z ) , d A s d z = i ω s κ S F G A s f A p 1 * exp ( i Δ k S F G z ) , d A s f d z = i ω s f κ S F G A s A p 1 exp ( i Δ k S F G z ) + i ω s f κ D F G A p 2 A o u t exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) , d A p 2 d z = i ω p 2 κ D F G A s f A o u t * exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) , d A o u t d z = i ω o u t κ D F G A s f A p 2 * exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) ,
 A c S F G / D F G 1 2 ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G A p 1 A s A p 2 * L 2                 = 1 2 ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A s | | A p 2 | L 2 e i ( φ p 1 φ p 2 + φ s )                 = 1 2 ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A s | | A p 2 | L 2 e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 + δ φ ) ,
d A p 1 d z = i ω p 1 κ S H G A s h A p 1 * exp ( i Δ k S H G z ) , d A s h d z = i 2 ω s h κ S H G A p 1 2 exp ( i Δ k S H G z ) + i ω s h κ D F G A s A o u t exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) , d A s d z = i ω s κ D F G A s h A o u t * exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) , d A o u t d z = i ω o u t κ D F G A s h A s * exp ( i Δ k D F G z ) ,
A c S H G / D F G 1 4 ω o u t ω s h κ S H G κ D F G A p 1 2 A s * L 2                = 1 4 ω o u t ω s h κ S H G κ D F G | A p 1 | 2 | A s | L 2 e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 δ φ ) ,
A 1 2 ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A s | | A p 2 | L 2 e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 + δ φ )     + 1 4 ω o u t ω s h κ S H G κ D F G | A p 1 | 2 | A s | L 2 e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 δ φ )     = ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A p 2 | | A s | L 2 e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) cos ( δ φ ) .
 A c S F G / D F G κ D F G ω o u t p u t κ S F G ω s f A p 1 A s A p 2 * Δ k S F G 0 L ( e i Δ k S F G z 1 ) e i Δ k D F G z d z                 κ D F G ω o u t κ S F G ω s f | A p 1 | | A s | | A p 2 | L 2 sinc ( Δ k S F G L / 2 ) e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) e i δ φ + i Δ k S F G L / 4 ,
 A c S H G / D F G 1 2 κ D F G ω o u t κ S H G ω s h A p 1 2 A s * Δ k S H G 0 L ( e i Δ k S H G z 1 ) e i Δ k D F G z d z                 1 2 κ D F G ω o u t κ S H G ω s h | A p 1 | 2 | A s | L 2 sinc ( Δ k S H G L / 2 ) e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) e i δ φ + i Δ k S H G L / 4 ,
A 1 2 ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A p 2 | | A s | L 2 sinc ( Δ k S F G L / 2 ) e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) e i δ φ + i Δ k S F G L / 4      + 1 4 ω o u t ω s h κ S H G κ D F G | A p 1 | 2 | A s | L 2 sinc ( Δ k S H G L / 2 ) e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) e i δ φ + i Δ k S H G L / 4     = ω o u t ω s f κ S F G κ D F G | A p 1 | | A p 2 | | A s | L 2 sinc( Δ k S F G L / 2 ) e i ( 3 2 φ p 1 1 2 φ p 2 ) cos ( δ φ ' ) ,

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