Abstract

We developed a single-shot terahertz pulse measurement technique using pulse-front tilting of an ultra-short probe pulse and demonstrated single-shot terahertz spectroscopy. A transmission grating was used to introduce a sufficiently large pulse-front tilt angle. A measuring time range of 23.8 ps was achieved. The measured temporal waveforms were corrected in consideration of the nonlinearity arising from the crossed-Nicols arrangement employed and the beam profiles of the probe and terahertz pulses. The characteristic spectrum of lactose was measured with a single terahertz pulse, and the effectiveness of our single-shot technique was confirmed by comparison with a conventional sampling method.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2004 (2)

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Exploring dynamics in the far-infrared with terahertz spectroscopy,” Chem. Rev. 104(4), 1759–1780 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse measurement with an optical streak camera,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1245–1247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic sampling near zero optical transmission point,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(9), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945–1947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Zs. Bor and B. Racz, “Group velocity dispersion in prisms and its application to pulse compression and travelling-wave excitation,” Opt. Commun. 54(3), 165–170 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of subnanosecond to picoseconds duration,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 25(3), 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, E.

Almasi, G.

Aoshima, S.

Araki, T.

Bartels, L.

Bonn, M.

Bor, Zs.

Zs. Bor and B. Racz, “Group velocity dispersion in prisms and its application to pulse compression and travelling-wave excitation,” Opt. Commun. 54(3), 165–170 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, M. Tani, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic transceivers for terahertz-wave applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 823–831 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic sampling near zero optical transmission point,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(9), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukasawa, R.

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gillespie, W. A.

Glownia, J. H.

Hangyo, M.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, M.

Hebling, J.

Heinz, T. F.

J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, and T. F. Heinz, “Single-shot measurement of terahertz electromagnetic pulses by use of electro-optic sampling,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 426–428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, A.

Iwamoto, T.

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jamison, S. P.

Jaroszynski, D. A.

Jiang, Z.

Kawada, Y.

Kim, K. Y.

Knoesel, E.

Kozma, I.

Kuhl, J.

MacLeod, A. M.

Marinero, E. E.

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of subnanosecond to picoseconds duration,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 25(3), 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, and T. F. Heinz, “Single-shot measurement of terahertz electromagnetic pulses by use of electro-optic sampling,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 426–428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Racz, B.

Zs. Bor and B. Racz, “Group velocity dispersion in prisms and its application to pulse compression and travelling-wave excitation,” Opt. Commun. 54(3), 165–170 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

Rodriguez, G.

Sakai, K.

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sawanaka, K.

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Exploring dynamics in the far-infrared with terahertz spectroscopy,” Chem. Rev. 104(4), 1759–1780 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, J.

Shen, J.

Sun, F. G.

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse measurement with an optical streak camera,” Opt. Lett. 24(17), 1245–1247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic sampling near zero optical transmission point,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(9), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tani, M.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Chen, M. Tani, Z. Jiang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic transceivers for terahertz-wave applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 823–831 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Toyoda, H.

Usami, M.

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, M.

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weling, A. S.

J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, and T. F. Heinz, “Single-shot measurement of terahertz electromagnetic pulses by use of electro-optic sampling,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 426–428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of subnanosecond to picoseconds duration,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 25(3), 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

Yasuda, T.

Yasui, T.

Yellampalle, B.

Yonera, T.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of subnanosecond to picoseconds duration,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 25(3), 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic sampling near zero optical transmission point,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(9), 1191–1193 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945–1947 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Exploring dynamics in the far-infrared with terahertz spectroscopy,” Chem. Rev. 104(4), 1759–1780 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Zs. Bor and B. Racz, “Group velocity dispersion in prisms and its application to pulse compression and travelling-wave excitation,” Opt. Commun. 54(3), 165–170 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

M. Usami, T. Iwamoto, R. Fukasawa, M. Tani, M. Watanabe, and K. Sakai, “Development of a THz spectroscopic imaging system,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3749–3753 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1991), p. 699.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of principle of single-shot THz waveform measurement using pulse-front tilting: Top view.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of single-shot THz spectroscopy experiment. BS, beam splitter; WG, wire-grid polarizer; Lps 1 and 2, plastic lens; Lgs 1-4, glass lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (b) Spatiotemporal image obtained by single THz pulse with (a) no sample, and (b) lactose tablet sample. (c) Temporal waveforms extracted from (a) (solid line) and (b) (broken line). Black line represents waveforms corrected for distortion and gray line represents uncorrected waveforms. Time-axis is in accord through (a), (b), and (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Acquired THz beam profile. Intensity is normalized by peak value.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Example of measured nonlinearity of our optical system. Dots show measured signal. Red line shows fitted curve. Linear line is also displayed (blue line).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power spectra of reference and sample signals obtained with single THz pulse.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption spectra of lactose tablet. Results obtained by conventional sampling measurement and single-shot measurement (with and without correction) are shown for comparison.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spectra obtained with 50 averaged terahertz pulses (10 fps). (a) Power spectrum and (b) absorption spectrum of lactose tablet.

Equations (3)

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tan γ 0 = λ d ϕ d λ .
tan γ = 1 M tan γ 0 .
T = σ tan γ 0 c ,

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