Abstract

We describe the critical design parameters and present detailed experimental and theoretical studies for efficient, continuous-wave (cw), single-pass second harmonic generation (SHG) based on novel cascaded multicrystal scheme, providing >55% conversion efficiency and multiwatt output powers at 532 nm for a wide range of input fundamental powers at 1064 nm. Systematic characterization of the technique in single-crystal, double-crystal and multicrystal schemes has been performed and the results are compared. Optimization of vital parameters including focusing and phase-matching temperature at the output of each stage is investigated and strategies to achieve optimum SHG efficiency and power are discussed. Relevant theoretical calculations to estimate the effect of dispersion between the fundamental and the SH beam in air are also presented. The contributions of thermal effects on SHG efficiency roll-off have been studied from quasi-cw measurements. Using this multicrystal scheme, stable SH power with a peak-to-peak fluctuation better than 6.5% over more than 2 hours is achieved in high spatial beam quality with M 2<1.6.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Golden, “Green lasers score good marks in semiconductor material processing,” Laser Focus World 28, 75 (1992).
  2. B. Hitz, “Green lasers gear up for display markets,” Opt. Laser Europe 173, 21–26 (2009).
  3. R. J. Rockwell., “Designs and functions of laser systems for biomedical applications,”Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 168, 459–471 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High-power, efficient, low-noise, continuous-wave all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(23), 1912–1914 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. K. Samanta, G. R. Fayaz, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “1.59 W, single-frequency, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2623–2625 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. McDonagh and R. Wallenstein, “Low-noise 62 W CW intracavity-doubled TEM00 Nd:YVO4 green laser pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 802–804 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, and H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54, µm,” Opt. Lett. 17(9), 640–642 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Paschotta, P. Kürz, R. Henking, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “82% Efficient continuous-wave frequency doubling of 1.06 µm with a monolithic MgO:LiNbO3 resonator,” Opt. Lett. 19(17), 1325–1327 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Heo, M. Park, J. Lee, and S. Hwang, S. Park and Y. Keh, “Optically pumped semiconductor laser,” U.S. Patent 7474678 (Jan. 6, 2009)
  11. U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “42%-efficient single-pass cw second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22(24), 1834–1836 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, M. Mathew, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, continuous-wave, second-harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO(4).,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2955–2957 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. C. Kumar, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, single-frequency, continuous-wave second-harmonic-generation of ytterbium fiber laser in PPKTP and MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13711–13726 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Stable, 9.6 W, continuous-wave, single-frequency, fiber-based green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1561–1563 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, R. Das, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a fiber laser green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2255–2257 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. K. Samanta, S. Chaitanya Kumar, K. Devi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire laser, ” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JTuD115.
  19. I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Sinha, D. S. Hum, K. E. Urbanek, Y. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Room-temperature stable generation of 19 watts of single-frequency 532-nm radiation in a periodically poled lithium tantalate crystal,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(24), 3866–3871 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, “Phase correction in double-pass quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation with a wedged crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23(3), 165–167 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, I. Suzuki, K. Takeno, S. Moriwaki, N. Ohmae, N. Mio, and T. Katagai, “Thermal effects in high-power CW second harmonic generation in Mg-doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11294–11299 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. D. Eimerl, “Quadrature frequency conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(8), 1361–1371 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. Thompson, M. Tu, D. Aveline, N. Lundblad, and L. Maleki, “High power single frequency 780nm laser source generated from frequency doubling of a seeded fiber amplifier in a cascade of PPLN crystals,” Opt. Express 11(14), 1709–1713 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, K. Devi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Multicrystal, continuous-wave, single-pass second-harmonic generation with 56% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3513–3515 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  34. A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 194–196 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  36. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  37. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. Abramowitz and I. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, New York, 1965)
  39. R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(10), 1178–1187 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  40. D. Eimerl, “High average power harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 575–592 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

2010

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, K. Devi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Multicrystal, continuous-wave, single-pass second-harmonic generation with 56% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3513–3515 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Stable, 9.6 W, continuous-wave, single-frequency, fiber-based green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1561–1563 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, R. Das, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a fiber laser green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2255–2257 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Kumar, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, single-frequency, continuous-wave second-harmonic-generation of ytterbium fiber laser in PPKTP and MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13711–13726 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Hitz, “Green lasers gear up for display markets,” Opt. Laser Europe 173, 21–26 (2009).

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1996

1994

1992

Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, and H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54, µm,” Opt. Lett. 17(9), 640–642 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Golden, “Green lasers score good marks in semiconductor material processing,” Laser Focus World 28, 75 (1992).

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

D. Eimerl, “Quadrature frequency conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(8), 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, “High average power harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(10), 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1971

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

R. J. Rockwell., “Designs and functions of laser systems for biomedical applications,”Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 168, 459–471 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Auen, K.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aveline, D.

Avramescu, A.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

Bhar, G. C.

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blau, P.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bruederl, G.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bruner, A.

A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 194–196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Canalias, C.

Chatterjee, U.

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Das, R.

Datta, P.

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Devi, K.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dolev, I.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(10), 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Eger, D.

A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 194–196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichler, C.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, “Quadrature frequency conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(8), 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, “High average power harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Falk, J.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fayaz, G. R.

Fejer, M. M.

Freitag, I.

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furitsch, M.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gadret, G.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Golden, J.

J. Golden, “Green lasers score good marks in semiconductor material processing,” Laser Focus World 28, 75 (1992).

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Henking, R.

Hitz, B.

B. Hitz, “Green lasers gear up for display markets,” Opt. Laser Europe 173, 21–26 (2009).

Hitz, C. B.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hoefer, T.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

Illek, S.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Inaba, H.

Ito, H.

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katagai, T.

Katz, M.

Kimble, H. J.

Kitamura, K.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kuehnelt, M.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S. C.

Kumaragurubaran, S.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. V. Tovstonog, S. Kurimura, I. Suzuki, K. Takeno, S. Moriwaki, N. Ohmae, N. Mio, and T. Katagai, “Thermal effects in high-power CW second harmonic generation in Mg-doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11294–11299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kürz, P.

Kusukame, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lauer, C.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, M. Mathew, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, continuous-wave, second-harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO(4).,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2955–2957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

Lermer, T.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindberg, H.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lundblad, N.

Lutgen, S.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Mangin, J.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mathew, M.

McDonagh, L.

Miller, G. D.

Mio, N.

Mizushima, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Moriwaki, S.

Müller, J.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, Y.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohmae, N.

Oron, M. B.

Ou, Z. Y.

Paschotta, R.

Pasiskevicius, V.

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, M. Mathew, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, continuous-wave, second-harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO(4).,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2955–2957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S. F.

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pietzonka, I.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Proctor, M.

Reintjes, J.

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(10), 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, R. J.

R. J. Rockwell., “Designs and functions of laser systems for biomedical applications,”Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 168, 459–471 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruschin, S.

A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 194–196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabathil, M.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Samanta, G. K.

Schiller, S.

Schmitt, M.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, R.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, T.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shikii, S.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, S.

Spiekermann, S.

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steegmueller, U.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strauss, U.

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, I.

Taguchi, N.

Takekawa, S.

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takeno, K.

Terabe, K.

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R.

Tovstonog, S. V.

Tsunekane, M.

Tu, M.

Tulloch, W. M.

Unold, H.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Urbanek, K. E.

Usami, T.

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Walter, C.

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weise, D. R.

Yamamoto, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.

R. J. Rockwell., “Designs and functions of laser systems for biomedical applications,”Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 168, 459–471 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, and G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Spiekermann, F. Laurell, V. Pasiskevicius, H. Karlsson, and I. Freitag, “Optimizing non-resonant frequency conversion in periodically poled media,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 211–219 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, and P. Datta, “Enhancement of second harmonic generation by double-pass configuration in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 51(5), 317–319 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, S. Shikii, K. Kusukame, K. Mizuuchi, and K. Yamamoto, “Second harmonic generation with high conversion efficiency and wide temperature tolerance by multi-pass scheme,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 032003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Avramescu, T. Lermer, J. Müller, C. Eichler, G. Bruederl, M. Sabathil, S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “S. Lutgen, and U. Strauss, “True green laser diodes at 524 nm with 50 mW continuous wave output power on c-plane GaN,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(6), 061003–061006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, and C. B. Hitz, “Enhancement of optical second harmonic generation by utilizing the dispersion of air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(3), 70–73 (1971).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys.

D. S. Hum and M. M. Fejer, “Quasi-phasematching,” C. R. Phys. 8(2), 180–198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics

M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, K. Terabe, K. Kitamura, T. Usami, K. Nakamura, H. Ito, and Y. Furukawa, “Near-stoichiometric LiTaO 3 for bulk quasi-phase-matched devices,” Ferroelectrics 273(1), 199–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. Eimerl, “Quadrature frequency conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(8), 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(10), 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, “High average power harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, and S. Ruschin, “Second-harmonic generation of green light in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 doped with MgO,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 7445–7449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

S. Kumaragurubaran, S. Takekawa, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, “Growth of 4-in diameter MgO-doped near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate single crystals and fabrication of periodically poled structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 332–336 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable high-power green light generation with thermally conductive periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World

J. Golden, “Green lasers score good marks in semiconductor material processing,” Laser Focus World 28, 75 (1992).

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Europe

B. Hitz, “Green lasers gear up for display markets,” Opt. Laser Europe 173, 21–26 (2009).

Opt. Lett.

L. McDonagh and R. Wallenstein, “Low-noise 62 W CW intracavity-doubled TEM00 Nd:YVO4 green laser pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 802–804 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, G. R. Fayaz, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “1.59 W, single-frequency, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2623–2625 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, M. Mathew, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, continuous-wave, second-harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO(4).,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2955–2957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Stable, 9.6 W, continuous-wave, single-frequency, fiber-based green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1561–1563 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, R. Das, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a fiber laser green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2255–2257 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, and H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54, µm,” Opt. Lett. 17(9), 640–642 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, P. Kürz, R. Henking, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “82% Efficient continuous-wave frequency doubling of 1.06 µm with a monolithic MgO:LiNbO3 resonator,” Opt. Lett. 19(17), 1325–1327 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “42%-efficient single-pass cw second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22(24), 1834–1836 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Imeshev, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, “Phase correction in double-pass quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation with a wedged crystal,” Opt. Lett. 23(3), 165–167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High-power, efficient, low-noise, continuous-wave all-solid-state Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(23), 1912–1914 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 194–196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Samanta, S. C. Kumar, K. Devi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Multicrystal, continuous-wave, single-pass second-harmonic generation with 56% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3513–3515 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

U. Steegmueller, M. Kuehnelt, H. Unold, T. Schwarz, M. Schmitt, K. Auen, R. Schulz, C. Walter, I. Pietzonka, S. Illek, H. Lindberg, A. Gomez-Iglesias, M. Furitsch, C. Lauer, U. Strauss, and T. Hoefer, “Progress in ultra-compact green frequency doubled optically pumped surface emitting lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7198, 719807, 719807-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Abramowitz and I. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, New York, 1965)

D. Heo, M. Park, J. Lee, and S. Hwang, S. Park and Y. Keh, “Optically pumped semiconductor laser,” U.S. Patent 7474678 (Jan. 6, 2009)

G. K. Samanta, S. Chaitanya Kumar, K. Devi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire laser, ” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JTuD115.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spectral, (b) temperature, and (c) angular acceptance bandwidth of 30-mm-long MgO:sPPLT nonlinear crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Theoretically calculated SHG efficiency for different lengths of the MgO:sPPLT nonlinear crystal as a function of fundamental power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for the multicrystal cw single-pass SHG

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Close-top (CT), and (b) Open-top (OT) crystal housing configurations used for MgO:sPPLT in the multicrystal cw single-pass SHG experiments.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Variation of SHG efficiency as function of fundamental power for a beam waist radius of ω2~30 µm and 46µm in CT configuration, (b) SH Power and efficiency scaling for a beam waist radius of ω2~46µm in OT configuration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Variation of (a) SHG efficiency and (b) SHG efficiency enhancement factor, as a function of fundamental power at the different stages in the MC SHG scheme for ω1~30 µm, ω2~46 µm, ω3~40 µm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Power scaling of MC SHG scheme with ω3 ~80µm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of (a) SH power scaling, and (b) SHG efficiency in SC, DC, and MC schemes.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Theoretically calculated variation of the SHG efficiency enhancement factor as a function of the distance between the crystals in DC scheme for Δφ = 17.4 radians.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Temperature acceptance bandwidth of the third crystal, and (b) Change in phase-matching temperature as a function of fundamental power in SC, DC and MC schemes.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Quasi-cw power scaling of (a) double-crystal, and (b) multicrystal schemes.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Second harmonic power stability at the output of (a) SC and (b) MC scheme.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical and thermal properties of MgO:sPPLT

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of multicrystal, single-pass SHG results

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η = P 2 ω ( L ) P ω ( 0 ) = η n o r m [ P ω L 2 A ] sin c 2 ( Δ K L 2 ) ,                   η n o r m = 8 π 2 d e f f 2 n ω 2 n 2 ω c ε 0 λ ω 2
η = 16 π 2 d e f f 2 h n ω n 2 ω c ε 0 λ ω 3 L P ω , Δ K = K 2 ω K ω 2 π Λ
η = V b 2 s n 2 ( Γ L V b | V b 4 ) V b = [ Δ S 4 + 1 + ( Δ S 4 ) 2 ] 1 Δ S = Δ K Γ Γ = η n o r m I ω
η = tanh 2 ( Γ L )
η = tanh 2 ( Γ ( l 0 + L ) )

Metrics