Abstract

We introduce an “ultra-dense” concept into next-generation WDM-PON systems, which transmits a Nyquist-WDM uplink with centralized uplink optical carriers and digital coherent detection for the future access network requiring both high capacity and high spectral efficiency. 80-km standard single mode fiber (SSMF) transmission of Nyquist-WDM signal with 13 coherent 25-GHz spaced wavelength shaped optical carriers individually carrying 100-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexing quadrature phase-shift keying (PM-QPSK) upstream data has been experimentally demonstrated with negligible transmission penalty. The 13 frequency-locked wavelengths with a uniform optical power level of −10 dBm and OSNR of more than 50 dB are generated from a single lightwave via a multi-carrier generator consists of an optical phase modulator (PM), a Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM), and a WSS. Following spacing the carriers at the baud rate, sub-carriers are individually spectral shaped to form Nyquist-WDM. The Nyquist-WDM channels have less than 1-dB crosstalk penalty of optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at 2 × 10−3 bit-error rate (BER). Performance of a traditional coherent optical OFDM scheme and its restrictions on symbol synchronization and power difference are also experimentally compared and studied.

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    [CrossRef]

2010

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2004

1983

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bayval, I.

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Breuer, N.

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Ciaramella, E.

Contestabile, G.

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D, M.

Forghieri, F.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gladisch, A.

Hanik, ,

Ishihara, K.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100-Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kudo, R.

Lee, K.

Liu, X.

Ma, Y.

Masuda, H.

Miguel, D.

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100-Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Presi, M.

Prince, K.

Proietti, R.

Rhee, J.-K. K.

Sano, A.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100-Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savory, S. J.

ser, J.

Shieh, W.

Spencer, P.

Takada, A.

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takatori, Y.

Thai, C. T. D.

Viterbi, A. J.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. M.

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100-Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, E.

Yang, Q.

Yoshida, E.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou and J. Yu, “Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3641–3653 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zapata, A.

Zhou, X.

Electron. Lett.

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, H. Takara, and A. Takada, “Electro-optically multiplexed 110 Git/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80km SMF without dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 44(3), 225–226 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limit of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-speed PM-QPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory

A. J. Viterbi and A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

E. Torrengo, R. Cigliutti, G. Bosco, G. Gavioli, A. Alaimo, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, S. Piciaccia, M. Elmonte, A. Brinciotti, A. La Porta, and P. Poggiolini, “Transoceanic PM-QPSK terabit superchannel transmission experiments at baud-rate subcarrier spacing,” presented at 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy (Sept. 19–23, 2010), paper We.7.C.2.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, L. Xu, P. Ji, and T. Wang, “A novel scheme to generate 100Gbit/s DQPSK signal with large PMD tolerance,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA42.

M. F. Huang, J. Yu, J. Chen, G.-K. Chang, and S. Chi, ” A cost-effective WDM-PON configuration employing innovative bi-directional amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OWL3.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, W.-D. Zhong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “Multiple channel carrier-reused WDM passive optical networks,” presented at European Conference on Optical Communications, 2006, Cannes, France (Sept. 24–28, 2006), paper PDP: Th. 4.3.2.

C. C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and C. Lin, “Novel network architectures for survivable WDM passive optical networks,” presented at 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium (Sept. 21–25, 2008), paper. Th.1.F.6 (2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of the proposed UD-WDM-PON with carrier-centralized Nyquist-WDM uplink and coherent demodulation (PM: phase modulator, WSS: wavelength selective switch; AWG: arrayed waveguide grating).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Proof-of-concept experimental setup (ECL: external cavity laser; IL: optical interleaver; TOF: tunable optical filter; PPG: pulse pattern generator; PM-OC: polarization maintenance optical coupler; ATT: attenuator; WSS: wavelength select switch).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra (0.01 nm) (i): after WSS; (ii): odd carriers before modulation; (ii): even carriers before modulation; (iv): all subcarriers after modulation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical spectra of 6th carrier before detection, and retrieved constellations at x- and y- polarizations, (b) Uplink BER curves for single-channel, Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM cases, respectively. (A tunable TOF with bandwidth of 0.4 nm is utilized before coherent detection)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Required OSNR of the 6th sub-carrier constrained BER of 1 × 10−3 with respect to relative symbol delay between odd and even carriers before and after 80km SMF transmission, (b) BER curves of 6th sub-carrier in CO-OFDM.

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