Abstract

Tb3+ doped Ba3Gd(PO4)3 and Ba3La(PO4)3 phosphors were synthesized using the traditional high temperature solid state reaction method. The excitation, emission, and decay spectra were measured at room temperature. Efficient energy transfer (ET) from Gd3+ to Tb3+ exists in Tb3+ doped Ba3Gd(PO4)3, and the ET efficiency increases with the increase of Tb3+ concentration. The visible quantum cutting (QC) via cross relaxation was observed upon exciting low-spin (7DJ) 5d levels of Tb3+ ions. Ba3Tb(PO4)3 sample shows relatively strong emission intensity in comparison with Zn2SiO4: Mn2+ (ZSM) upon 172 nm excitation, and with a decay time τ1/10 about 6.4 ms under 351 nm excitation, indicating the potential application of this phosphor for plasma display panels (PDPs) and Hg-free lamps.

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  1. J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Y. Wang and N. Kodama, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in GdPO4: Tb3+ and Sr3Gd(PO4)3: Tb3+,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(8), 2219–2224 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Barbier, “Structural refinements of eulytite-type Ca3Bi(PO4)3 and Ba3La(PO4)3,” J. Solid State Chem. 101(2), 249–256 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 155–176 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2010

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

D. Y. Wang and N. Kodama, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in GdPO4: Tb3+ and Sr3Gd(PO4)3: Tb3+,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(8), 2219–2224 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 155–176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. Barbier, “Structural refinements of eulytite-type Ca3Bi(PO4)3 and Ba3La(PO4)3,” J. Solid State Chem. 101(2), 249–256 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1976

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Arbib, E. H.

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bae, H. S.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barbier, J.

J. Barbier, “Structural refinements of eulytite-type Ca3Bi(PO4)3 and Ba3La(PO4)3,” J. Solid State Chem. 101(2), 249–256 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chaminade, J. P.

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. M.

H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Darriet, J.

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diau, E. W. G.

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 155–176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Elouadi, B.

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Feng, E. X.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y. B.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Z.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, M.

N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Han, B.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z. D.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hong, G. Y.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoogendorp, M. F.

M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hu, D. K.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, Y. J.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jang, K. W.

N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, N.

D. Y. Wang and N. Kodama, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in GdPO4: Tb3+ and Sr3Gd(PO4)3: Tb3+,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(8), 2219–2224 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, I. E.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. J.

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. H.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. B.

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L. Y.

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y. S.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, R. S.

N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moon, B. K.

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nie, X. F.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. H.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pyun, C. H.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schipper, W. J.

M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, R. D.

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y.

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z. F.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsuboi, T.

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tung, C. Y.

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, H. Y.

H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. Y.

D. Y. Wang and N. Kodama, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in GdPO4: Tb3+ and Sr3Gd(PO4)3: Tb3+,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(8), 2219–2224 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. H.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, M. B.

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. Y.

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. B.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. H.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, J.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. A

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Zhong, H. Liang, Q. Su, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Gao, Y. Tao, and J. Wang, “Luminescence properties of NaGd(PO3)4: Eu3+ and energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+,” Appl. Phys. B 98(1), 139–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. J. Lee, L. Y. Luo, E. W. G. Diau, T. M. Chen, B. M. Cheng, and C. Y. Tung, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in green-emitting K2GdF5: Tb3+ phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “NaGd(PO3)4: Tb3+—a new promising green phosphor for PDPs application,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 453(4-6), 192–196 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem.

M. B. Xie, Y. Tao, Y. Huang, H. B. Liang, and Q. Su, “The quantum cutting of Tb3+ in Ca6Ln2Na2(PO4)6F2 (Ln = Gd, La) under VUV-UV excitation: with and without Gd3+,” Inorg. Chem. 49(24), 11317–11324 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Alloy. Comp.

M. F. Hoogendorp, W. J. Schipper, and G. Blasse, “Cerium(III) luminescence and disorder in the eulytite structure,” J. Alloy. Comp. 205(1-2), 249–251 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Kim, I. E. Kwon, C. H. Park, Y. J. Hwang, H. S. Bae, B. Y. Yu, C. H. Pyun, and G. Y. Hong, “Phosphors for plasma display panels,” J. Alloy. Comp. 311(1), 33–39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, J. H. Zhang, and X. J. Wang, “Interionic energy transfer in Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Pr3+ phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093515 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

H. J. Zhang, Y. H. Wang, Y. Tao, W. H. Li, D. K. Hu, E. X. Feng, and X. F. Nie, “Visible quantum cutting in Tb3+-doped BaGdB9O16 via downconversion,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157(8), J293–J296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

H. Y. Tzeng, B. M. Cheng, and T. M. Chen, “Visible quantum cutting in green-emitting BaGdF5: Tb3+ phosphors via downconversion,” J. Lumin. 122–123, 917–920 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91(3-4), 155–176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

B. Han, H. B. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “Vacuum ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic properties of Tb3+ in Li(Y, Gd)(PO3)4: tunable emission, quantum cutting, and energy transfer,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(14), 6770–6777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, Y. Tao, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, “Photon cascade emission of Gd3+ in Na(Y,Gd)FPO4,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(32), 12524–12529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp.

N. Yocom, R. S. Meltzer, K. W. Jang, and M. Grimm, “New green phosphors for plasma displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 4(3), 169–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem.

J. Barbier, “Structural refinements of eulytite-type Ca3Bi(PO4)3 and Ba3La(PO4)3,” J. Solid State Chem. 101(2), 249–256 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Wang and N. Kodama, “Visible quantum cutting through downconversion in GdPO4: Tb3+ and Sr3Gd(PO4)3: Tb3+,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(8), 2219–2224 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull.

E. H. Arbib, B. Elouadi, J. P. Chaminade, and J. Darriet, “The crystal structure of the phosphate eulytite Ba3Bi(PO4)3,” Mater. Res. Bull. 35(5), 761–773 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, and Q. Su, “The luminescent properties of Ba3Gd1−xLnx(PO4)3 under synchrotron radiation VUV excitation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 119(2), 152–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Physica B

T. Tsuboi, H. J. Seo, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Kim, “Optical studies of Eu3+ ions in Bi4Ge3O12 crystals,” Physica B 270(1-2), 45–51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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