Abstract

We present a novel implementation of the “phase reconstruction using optical ultra fast differentiation” (PROUD) technique and apply it to characterize the time resolved chirp of a gain switched semiconductor laser. The optical temporal differentiator is a fiber based polarization interferometer. The method provides a fast and simple recovery of the instantaneous frequency from two temporal intensity measurements, obtained by changing the spectral response of the interferometer. Pulses with different shapes and durations of hundreds of picoseconds are fully characterized in amplitude and phase. The technique is validated by comparing the measured pulse spectra with the reconstructed spectra obtained from the intensity and the recovered phase.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1(2), 308–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000).
  4. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Highly sensitive direct characterization of femtosecond pulses by electro-optic spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 28(6), 477–479 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Simultaneous temporal characterization of telecommunication optical pulses and modulators by use of spectrograms,” Opt. Lett. 27(15), 1315–1317 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21(15), 2758–2769 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik (Stuttg.) 35, 237–246 (1972).
  9. N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength discriminator method for measuring dynamic chirp in DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(20), 1296–1297 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Sato, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto, “Chirp characteristics of 40-Gb/s directly modulated distributed-feedback laser diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(11), 3790–3797 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Villafranca, J. Lasobras, R. Escorihuela, R. Alonso, and I. Garcés, “Time-Resolved Chirp Measurements Using Complex Spectrum Analysis Based on Stimulated Brillouin Scattering” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWD4.
  14. J. Debeau, B. Kowalski, and R. Boittin, “Simple method for the complete characterization of an optical pulse,” Opt. Lett. 23(22), 1784–1786 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azaña, “Complete temporal pulse characterization based on phase reconstruction using optical ultrafast differentiation (PROUD),” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3364–3366 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. M. Anandarajah, A. M. Clarke, C. Guignard, L. Bramerie, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, and J. C. Simon, “System-performance analysis of optimized gain-switched pulse source employed in 40- and 80-Gb/s OTDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(6), 1495–1502 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Wada, S. Takamatsu, H. Watanebe, T. Matsuyama, and H. Horinaka, “Pulse-shaping of gain-switched pulse from multimode laser diode using fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Express 16(24), 19872–19881 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Poelker, “High power gain‐switched diode laser master oscillator and amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(19), 2762–2765 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Kumar, C. Xia, X. Ma, V. V. Alexander, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, C. C. Aleksoff, A. Klooster, and D. Davidson, “Power adjustable visible supercontinuum generation using amplified nanosecond gain-switched laser diode,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6194–6201 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Morandotti, and J. Azaña, “Ultrafast all-optical differentiators,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10699–10707 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. S. Vodhanel, “5 Gbit/s Direct Optical DPSK Modulation of a 1530-nm DFB Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(8), 218–220 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. S. Vodhanel and S. Tsuji, “12 GHz FM Bandwidth for a 1530 nm DFB Laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(22), 1359–1361 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azaña, “Single-shot real-time frequency chirp characterization of telecommunication optical signals based on balanced temporal optical differentiation,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2742–2744 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. Y. Park, M. Scaffardi, L. Potì, and J. Azaña, “Simultaneous single-shot real-time measurement of the instantaneous frequency and phase profiles of wavelength-division-multiplexed signals,” Opt. Express 18(6), 6220–6229 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Morandotti, and J. Azaña, “Ultrafast all-optical differentiators,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10699–10707 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Highly sensitive direct characterization of femtosecond pulses by electro-optic spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 28(6), 477–479 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Debeau, B. Kowalski, and R. Boittin, “Simple method for the complete characterization of an optical pulse,” Opt. Lett. 23(22), 1784–1786 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Poelker, “High power gain‐switched diode laser master oscillator and amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(19), 2762–2765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R. S. Vodhanel, “5 Gbit/s Direct Optical DPSK Modulation of a 1530-nm DFB Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(8), 218–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

R. S. Vodhanel and S. Tsuji, “12 GHz FM Bandwidth for a 1530 nm DFB Laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(22), 1359–1361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength discriminator method for measuring dynamic chirp in DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(20), 1296–1297 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1972 (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik (Stuttg.) 35, 237–246 (1972).

Aleksoff, C. C.

Alexander, V. V.

Anandarajah, P. M.

Azana, J.

Azaña, J.

Barbieri, S.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L.

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

Bennion, I.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength discriminator method for measuring dynamic chirp in DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(20), 1296–1297 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Birkin, D. J. L.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boittin, R.

Bramerie, L.

Clarke, A. M.

Davidson, D.

Davies, A. G.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Debeau, J.

Dhillon, S. S.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Dudley, J.

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fekecs, A.

C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fienup, J. R.

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik (Stuttg.) 35, 237–246 (1972).

Gowar, J.

P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guignard, C.

Harvey, J.

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Hickey, L. M. B.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horinaka, H.

Iaconis, C.

Ibsen, M.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

Jeong, Y.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jukam, N.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kajava, T.

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Khanna, S. P.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klooster, A.

Kowalski, B.

Kulishov, M.

Kumar, M.

Kuwahara, S.

Laverdiere, C.

C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Linfield, E. H.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

Madeo, J.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, A.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manquest, C.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsuyama, T.

Miyamoto, Y.

Morandotti, R.

Nilsson, J.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oshiba, S.

H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oustinov, D.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Piper, A.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poelker, M.

M. Poelker, “High power gain‐switched diode laser master oscillator and amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(19), 2762–2765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Potì, L.

Rafailov, E. U.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

Saxton, W. O.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik (Stuttg.) 35, 237–246 (1972).

Scaffardi, M.

Sibbett, W.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J. C.

Sirtori, C.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

Takamatsu, S.

Tammela, S.

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Terry, F. L.

Tetu, M.

C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B.

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tignon, J.

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

R. S. Vodhanel and S. Tsuji, “12 GHz FM Bandwidth for a 1530 nm DFB Laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(22), 1359–1361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, P. P.

P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vodhanel, R. S.

R. S. Vodhanel, “5 Gbit/s Direct Optical DPSK Modulation of a 1530-nm DFB Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(8), 218–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Vodhanel and S. Tsuji, “12 GHz FM Bandwidth for a 1530 nm DFB Laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(22), 1359–1361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

Walmsley, I. A.

Watanebe, H.

White, I. H.

P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xia, C.

Zervas, M. N.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. J. L. Birkin, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, and I. Bennion, “Near-transform-limited picosecond pulses from a gain-switched InGaAs diode laser with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(2), 151–152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Poelker, “High power gain‐switched diode laser master oscillator and amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(19), 2762–2765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, Y. Ogawa, and S. Oshiba, “Generation of an extremely short single mode pulse (∼2 ps) by fiber compression of a gain‐switched pulse from a 1.3 μm distributed‐feedback laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(11), 1284–1286 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. S. Vodhanel and S. Tsuji, “12 GHz FM Bandwidth for a 1530 nm DFB Laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(22), 1359–1361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength discriminator method for measuring dynamic chirp in DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(20), 1296–1297 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. Laverdiere, A. Fekecs, and M. Tetu, “A new method for measuring time-resolved frequency chirp of high bit rate sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 446–448 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Tammela, H. Ludvigsen, T. Kajava, and M. Kaivola, “Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(4), 475–477 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Vodhanel, “5 Gbit/s Direct Optical DPSK Modulation of a 1530-nm DFB Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(8), 218–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by a gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Barry, B. Thomsen, J. Dudley, and J. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-mu m pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Jukam, S. S. Dhillon, D. Oustinov, J. Madeo, C. Manquest, S. Barbieri, C. Sirtori, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and J. Tignon, “Terahertz amplifier based on gain switching in a quantum cascade laser,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 715–719 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik (Stuttg.) 35, 237–246 (1972).

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

P. P. Vasil'ev, I. H. White, and J. Gowar, “Fast phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 63(12), 1997–2042 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000).

A. Villafranca, J. Lasobras, R. Escorihuela, R. Alonso, and I. Garcés, “Time-Resolved Chirp Measurements Using Complex Spectrum Analysis Based on Stimulated Brillouin Scattering” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OWD4.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental set-up consisting of: GS DFB laser, polarization controller (PC), EDFA, fixed linear polarizer (FIX POL), polarization maintaining fiber (PMF), rotatable linear polarizer (ROT POL), photodiode (PD), oscilloscope (OSC) and OSA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured magnitude of the interferometer transfer function for β = 45° (black line) and GS laser spectrum (red line). (b) Measured ASE spectra for β = 0° (black line) and β = 45° (blue line) and GS laser spectrum (red line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured pulse intensities |u(t)|2 (left, black lines) and |v(t)|2 (left, blue lines), recovered instantaneous frequency (left, red lines), measured spectral profiles (right, black line) and recovered spectra (right, circles), for IBIAS = 13 mA (top), 16 mA (centre), and 20 mA (bottom).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω i ( t ) = [ ( | v ( t ) | A ) 2 ( d | u ( t ) | d t ) 2 ] / | u ( t ) | 2 Δ ω .
ε = 100 | I m ( ω ) I r ( ω ) | d ω I m ( ω ) d ω .

Metrics