Abstract

Frequency pulling is a well-known phenomenon in standard laser physics, leading to a shift of the laser frequency when the cavity and maximum gain frequencies are detuned. In this letter we present the first experimental demonstration of frequency pulling in single-pass free-electron lasers. Measurements are performed using the single-pass free-electron laser installed on the Elettra storage ring.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Svelto, Free-electron Lasers (Plenum Press, 1989), Chapt. 4.
  2. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chapt. 12.
  3. J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. R. Menyuk, J. Wahlstrand, J. Willits, R. P. Smith, T. R. Schibli, and S. T. Cundiff, “Pulse dynamics in mode-locked lasers: relaxation oscillations and frequency pulling,” Opt. Express 15, 6677–6689 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Yokoyama, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Intermode beat stabilized laser with frequency pulling,” Appl. Opt. 33, 358–363 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. B. Colson, C. Pellegrini, and A. Ranieri, eds.,“Free-electron lasers,” Laser Handbook (North Holland, 1990), Vol. 6.
  8. H. P. Freund and T. M. Antonsen, Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman and Hall, 1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).
  10. S. V. Benson and J. M. J. Madey, “Transverse mode frequency pulling in free electron lasers,” Opt. Commun. 56, 212–218 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Allaria and G. De Ninno, “Soft-x-ray coherent radiation using a single-cascade free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 014801 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2000 (2)

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).

1994 (2)

S. Yokoyama, T. Araki, and N. Suzuki, “Intermode beat stabilized laser with frequency pulling,” Appl. Opt. 33, 358–363 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

H. P. Freund and T. M. Antonsen, Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman and Hall, 1992).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Colson, C. Pellegrini, and A. Ranieri, eds.,“Free-electron lasers,” Laser Handbook (North Holland, 1990), Vol. 6.

1989 (1)

O. Svelto, Free-electron Lasers (Plenum Press, 1989), Chapt. 4.

1986 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chapt. 12.

1985 (2)

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Benson and J. M. J. Madey, “Transverse mode frequency pulling in free electron lasers,” Opt. Commun. 56, 212–218 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, T. O.

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allaria, E.

E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Allaria and G. De Ninno, “Soft-x-ray coherent radiation using a single-cascade free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 014801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonsen, T. M.

H. P. Freund and T. M. Antonsen, Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman and Hall, 1992).
[CrossRef]

Araki, T.

Babzien, M.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakos, J.S.

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Benson, S. V.

S. V. Benson and J. M. J. Madey, “Transverse mode frequency pulling in free electron lasers,” Opt. Commun. 56, 212–218 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Zvi, I.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biedron, S. G.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonifacio, R.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Botineau, J.

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bougeard, M.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bres, M.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Carre, B.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Casagrande, F.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Cautero, G.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cherchioni, G.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Chu, T. S.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chubar, O.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coreno, M.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couprie, M.-E.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Curbis, F.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danailov, M.

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danailov, M. B.

E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danly, B. G.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

De Ninno, G.

E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Allaria and G. De Ninno, “Soft-x-ray coherent radiation using a single-cascade free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 014801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demidovich, A.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Di Mauro, L. F.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diviacco, B.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doyuran, A.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faillon, G.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Freund, H. P.

H. P. Freund and T. M. Antonsen, Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman and Hall, 1992).
[CrossRef]

Galayda, J. N.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garzella, D.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gluskin, E.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gobert, O.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Graves, W.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hara, T.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hartemann, F.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, S.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, R. K.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jagger, J.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, E.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karantzoulis, E.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamura, H.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krinsky, S.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Labat, M.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, G.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Legorburu, P. P.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Leycuras, C.

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Locatelli, A.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madey, J. M. J.

S. V. Benson and J. M. J. Madey, “Transverse mode frequency pulling in free electron lasers,” Opt. Commun. 56, 212–218 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Malone, R.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mentes, T. O.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menyuk, C. R.

Merdji, H.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Montes, C.

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mourier, G.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nino, M. A.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Picholle, E.

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pierini, P.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Piovella, N.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Pittana, P.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pogorelsky, I.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakowsky, G.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romanzin, L.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sajaev, V.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saldin, E. L.

E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).

Salieres, P.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salvo Sousa, L.

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schneidmiller, E. V.

E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).

Sergo, R.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shintake, T.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chapt. 12.

Sigalotti, P.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Skaritka, J.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. P.

Solomon, L.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spezzani, C.

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srlei, Z.

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

Svelto, O.

O. Svelto, Free-electron Lasers (Plenum Press, 1989), Chapt. 4.

Tahara, K.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanikawa, T.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tar, J.

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, R. J.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tileva, S.

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trmeau, T.

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Trovo, M.

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasserman, I.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlstrand, J.

Wang, X. J.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willits, J.

Woodle, M.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakimenko, V.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, S.

Yu, L.-H.

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yurkov, M. V.

E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Europhys. Lett. (1)

E. Allaria, M. B. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Europhys. Lett. 89, 64005–64011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

T. O. Abraham, J.S. Bakos, Z. Srlei, and J. Tar, “Frequency pulling in optically-pumped FIR methanol lasers,” Infrared Phys. 25, 77–86 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M.-E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 889, 296–300 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (2)

T. S. Chu, F. Hartemann, P. P. Legorburu, B. G. Danly, R. J. Temkin, G. Faillon, G. Mourier, T. Trmeau, and M. Bres, “High-power millimeter-wave Bragg free-electron maser oscillator experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 318, 94–100 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. Spezzani, E. Allaria, G. Cautero, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, B. Diviacco, E. Karantzoulis, R. K. Ivanov, P. Pittana, L. Romanzin, R. Sergo, P. Sigalotti, S. Tileva, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Sub-picosecond coherent VUV source on the Elettra storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 596, 451–458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Botineau, C. Leycuras, C. Montes, and E. Picholle, “Coherent modal analysis of a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 109126–132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Benson and J. M. J. Madey, “Transverse mode frequency pulling in free electron lasers,” Opt. Commun. 56, 212–218 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

G. De Ninno, E. Allaria, M. Coreno, F. Curbis, M. B. Danailov, E. Karantzoulis, A. Locatelli, T. O. Mentes, M. A. Nino, C. Spezzani, and M. Trovo, “Generation of ultrashort coherent vacuum ultraviolet pulses using electron storage rings: a new bright light source for experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Allaria, F. Curbis, M. Coreno, M. Danailov, B. Diviacco, C. Spezzani, M. Trovo, and G. De Ninno, “Experimental characterization of nonlinear harmonic generation in planar and helical undulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 174801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Allaria and G. De Ninno, “Soft-x-ray coherent radiation using a single-cascade free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 014801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riv. Nuovo Cimento (1)

R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande, G. Cherchioni, L. Salvo Sousa, P. Pierini, and N. Piovella, “Physics of the high-gain FEL and superradiance,” Riv. Nuovo Cimento 13, 1–69(1990).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L.-H. Yu, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, L. F. Di Mauro, A. Doyuran, W. Graves, E. Johnson, S. Krinsky, R. Malone, I. Pogorelsky, J. Skaritka, G. Rakowsky, L. Solomon, X. J. Wang, M. Woodle, V. Yakimenko, S. G. Biedron, J. N. Galayda, E. Gluskin, J. Jagger, V. Sajaev, and I. Vasserman, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser,” Science 289, 932–934 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

W. B. Colson, C. Pellegrini, and A. Ranieri, eds.,“Free-electron lasers,” Laser Handbook (North Holland, 1990), Vol. 6.

H. P. Freund and T. M. Antonsen, Principles of Free-electron Lasers (Chapman and Hall, 1992).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Saldin, E. V. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, The Physics of Free Electron Lasers (Springer Verlag, 2000).

O. Svelto, Free-electron Lasers (Plenum Press, 1989), Chapt. 4.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chapt. 12.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the Elettra storage-ring FEL, including the diagnostics setup. For a detailed description of the system, see [17].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of spontaneous emission as a function of the radiator gap. The straight line fits the positions of the peaks of different spectra. The intensity oscillations in individual spectra are due to the interference between the radiator and modulator emissions. For these measurements, use has been made of the low-dispersion grating of the spectrometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the CHG and spontaneous (background) emissions (dashed line), of spontaneous emission only (dotted line) and of the CHG signal after background subtraction (continuous line). In order to better resolve the CHG spectrum, use has been made of the high-dispersion grating of the spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CHG spectra (provided by cuts parallel to the vertical axis) as a function of the radiator gap. Darker areas correspond to spectra peaks. Peak wavelengths of different spectra are identified by the crosses. The line between peaks is a linear fit.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ν CHG = ν s ( ν s ν u ) σ s 2 σ s 2 + σ u 2 .
ν u = [ λ w 2 c γ 2 ( 1 + aw 2 ) ] 1 ,
Δ λ CHG Δ λ u = Δ ν CHG Δ ν u = σ s 2 σ s 2 + σ u 2 0.0027 ,

Metrics