Abstract

We investigate the spatial characteristics of xuv supercontinuum generation in the two-color laser field consisting of a fundamental and a weak second harmonic field. By optimizing the synthesized two-color field, the spatial profile of the xuv supercontinuum varies from annular-like to Gaussian-like and then the spatial quality is improved effectively, which is beneficial for its potential applications. Moreover, our calculation shows that the spatial quality of the supercontinuum is stable when the intensity of the controlling field varies in the acceptable fluctuation.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. E. Kaplan, “Subfemtosecond Pulses in Mode-Locked 2π Solitons of the Cascade Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Z. H. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laserdriven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  25. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laserdriven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (4)

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Kaplan, “Subfemtosecond Pulses in Mode-Locked 2π Solitons of the Cascade Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruzzese, R.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Budil, K. S.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Candel, S.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ceccherini, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cha, Y. H.

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z. H.

Z. H. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Lisio, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Ditmire, T.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, J.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaplan, A. E.

A. E. Kaplan, “Subfemtosecond Pulses in Mode-Locked 2π Solitons of the Cascade Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, B. H.

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. J.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, P.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laserdriven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laserdriven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muffett, J. E.

J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, P. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, C. H.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Priori, E.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shin, M. S.

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J. L.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tosa, V.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wahlström, C. G.

J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Efficient isolated attosecond pulse gene ration with a multi-cycle two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 15, 530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Zhang, Q.

J. Phys. B (3)

J. E. Muffett, C. G. Wahlström, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Numerical modelling of the spatial profiles of high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 27, 5693–5706 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial profiles of high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” J. Phys. B 27, L217–L222 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B 41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature 427 (1)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427 , 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (11)

Z. H. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, k. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2778 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and G. Yang, “Single-attosecond pulse generation with an intense multicycle driving pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063821 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses.I.Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of conversion efficiency and spatial quality of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

K. Lee, Y. H. Cha, M. S. Shin, B. H. Kim, and D. Kim, “Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. E. Kaplan, “Subfemtosecond Pulses in Mode-Locked 2π Solitons of the Cascade Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne Mixing of Laser Fields for Temporal Gating of High-order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 163901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of Attosecond Pulse in the ’Single-Cycle’ Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a), The electric field of the two-color field (red solid curve) synthesized by the fundamental (green solid curve) and controlling (the blue dashed curve) fields, the ionization probability in the two-color field is presented by the red dashed line. (b), The harmonic spectrum in the two-color field (the red solid curve) and in the fundamental filed alone (the green solid curve)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The near-field spatial profiles of 40th–60th harmonics at the exit of the medium in the one-color field (a) and the two-color field (b), and the corresponding spatial images of the harmonics are also presented in (c) and (d).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The near-field spatial images and profiles of HHG in the two-color field with different beam waists and focus positions of the controlling field. The beam waist and focus position are set as 25μm and 2mm (a and e), 25μm and 0mm (b and f), 20μm and 0mm (c and g), 15μm and 0mm (d and h), respectively. The other parameters are same in Fig. 2(b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The near-field (a) and the corresponding far-field (b) profiles of HHG: The beam waist and focus position of the controlling field are set as 25μm and 2mm(the red dashed), 15μm and 0mm(the red curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The integral of the laser field at the ionization times of the trajectories corresponding to the 40th–60th harmonics in the plateau. The parameters in Figs. 4(a) and (b) are the same as those in Figs. 3(a) and (d), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a)the spatial profiles of HHG in the two-color field with different focus positions z1 of the controlling field, the other parameters are the same as these in Fig. 3(d). (b) the spatial profiles of HHG in the two-color field with different relative intensities I2 of the controlling field.

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d n l ( t ) = i t d t [ π ɛ + i ( t t ) / 2 ] 3 / 2 × d * [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] d [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] × exp [ i S s t ( t , t ) ] E ( t ) g ( t ) + c . c ..
p s t ( t , t ) = 1 t t t t A ( t " ) d t " ,
S s t ( t , t ) = ( t t ) I p 1 2 p s t 2 ( t , t ) ( t t ) + 1 2 t t A 2 ( t " ) d t " ,
d ( p ) = i 2 7 / 2 π ( 2 I p ) 5 / 4 p ( p 2 + 2 I p ) 3 .
g ( t ) = E f ( t ) exp [ t ω ( t ) d t ] .
ω ( t ) = w e | C n * | 2 ( 4 w e ω t ) 2 n * 1 exp ( 4 w e 3 ω t ) ,
d ( p ) = i 2 7 / 2 π ( 2 I p ) 5 / 4 p ( p 2 + 2 I p ) 3 .
w e = I p h , ω t = e | E l ( t ) | 2 m e I p , n * = Z ( I p h I p ) 1 / 2 , | C n * | 2 = 2 2 n * n * Γ ( n * + 1 ) Γ ( n * ) ,
2 E l ( r , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E l ( r , z , t ) t 2 = ω p ( r , z , t ) 2 c 2 E l ( r , z , t ) ,
2 E h ( r , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E h ( r , z , t ) t 2 = ω p ( r , z , t ) 2 c 2 E h ( r , z , t ) + μ 0 2 P n l ( r , z , t ) t 2 ,
ω p = e n e ( r , z , t ) m ɛ 0
n e ( t ) = n 0 [ 1 exp ( t ω ( t ) d t ) ] ,
E ( t ) = E 0 f ( t ) c o s [ ω 0 ( t ) ] + E 1 f ( t ) cos [ 2 ω 0 ( t ) + φ 0 ] ,

Metrics