Abstract

We report the fabrication of a reconfigurable wide-band twenty-channel second-order dual filterbank, defined on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform, with tunable channel spacing and 20 GHz single-channel bandwidth. We demonstrate the precise tuning of eleven (out of the twenty) channels, with a channel spacing of 124 GHz (~1 nm) and crosstalk between channels of about −45 dB. The effective thermo-optic tuning efficiency is about 27 μW/GHz/ring. A single channel of a twenty-channel counter-propagating filterbank is also demonstrated, showing that both propagating modes exhibit identical filter responses. Considerations about thermal crosstalk are also presented. These filterbanks are suitable for on-chip wavelength-division-multiplexing applications, and have the largest-to-date reported number of channels built on an SOI platform.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. T. Reed, Silicon Photonics: The State of the Art (Wiley, 2008).
  3. Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1622–1631 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popović, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching (San Francisco, CA, 2007), pp. 67–68.
  5. M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. W. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuF4.
  6. M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, S. J. Mao, and M. H. Qi, “Eight-Channel Microring Resonator Array with Accurately Controlled Channel Spacing,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuNN6.
  7. M. M. Geng, L. X. Jia, L. Zhang, L. Yang, P. Chen, T. Wang, and Y. L. Liu, “Four-channel reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer based on photonic wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5502–5516 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Shen, M. H. Khan, L. Fan, L. Zhao, Y. Xuan, J. Ouyang, L. T. Varghese, and M. H. Qi, “Eight-channel reconfigurable microring filters with tunable frequency, extinction ratio and bandwidth,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18067–18076 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Multiple-channel silicon micro-resonator based filters for WDM applications,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7489–7498 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Tunable, Fourth-Order Silicon Microring-Resonator Add-Drop Filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Berlin, Germany, Sept. 2007, paper 1.2.3.
  11. F. N. Xia, M. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15(19), 11934–11941 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Eleven-Channel Second-Order Silicon Microring-Resonator Filterbank with Tunable Channel Spacing,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMS5.
  15. M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds., Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
  17. J. C. Twichell and R. Helkey, “Phase-encoded optical sampling for analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1237–1239 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Global design rules for silicon microphotonic waveguides: sensitivity, polarization and resonance tunability,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC1.
  19. M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and M. A. Popović, “Dynamical Slow Light Cell based on Controlled Far-Field Interference of Microring Resonators,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IMC4.
  20. C. W. Holzwarth, T. Barwicz, and H. I. Smith, “Optimization of hydrogen silsesquioxane for photonic applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(6), 2658–2661 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. A. Popović, “Complex-frequency leaky mode computations using PML boundary layers for dielectric resonant structures,” in Integrated Photonics Research, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 91 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ITuD4.
  22. P. Dong, W. Qian, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, N. N. Feng, D. Z. Feng, X. Z. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Low power and compact reconfigurable multiplexing devices based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9852–9858 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Dong, W. Qian, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, X. Wang, D. Z. Feng, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “1x4 reconfigurable demultiplexing filter based on free-standing silicon racetrack resonators,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24504–24509 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, G. N. Nielson, D. L. Luck, and R. W. Young, “Adiabatic resonant microrings (ARMs) with directly integrated thermal microphotonics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CPDB10.

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2004 (2)

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1622–1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. C. Twichell and R. Helkey, “Phase-encoded optical sampling for analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1237–1239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Amatya, R.

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Barwicz, T.

C. W. Holzwarth, T. Barwicz, and H. I. Smith, “Optimization of hydrogen silsesquioxane for photonic applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(6), 2658–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

Dahlem, M.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Esman, R. D.

M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Frankel, M. Y.

M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geng, M. M.

Gill, D.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helkey, R.

J. C. Twichell and R. Helkey, “Phase-encoded optical sampling for analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1237–1239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, C. W.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Holzwarth, T. Barwicz, and H. I. Smith, “Optimization of hydrogen silsesquioxane for photonic applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(6), 2658–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, L. X.

Johnson, F. G.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. H.

Khilo, A.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. L.

McNab, S. J.

Ouyang, J.

Popovic, M. A.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, M.

Qi, M. H.

Qian, W.

Ram, R. J.

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rooks, M.

Seiferth, E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sekaric, L.

Shafiiha, R.

Shen, H.

Smith, H. I.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Holzwarth, T. Barwicz, and H. I. Smith, “Optimization of hydrogen silsesquioxane for photonic applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(6), 2658–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trakalo, M.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Twichell, J. C.

J. C. Twichell and R. Helkey, “Phase-encoded optical sampling for analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1237–1239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varghese, L. T.

Vlasov, Y.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Xia, F. N.

Xiao, S.

Xuan, Y.

Yang, L.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, L.

Zheng, X. Z.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, J. U. Kang, and R. D. Esman, “High-performance photonic analogue-digital converter,” Electron. Lett. 33(25), 2096–2097 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, E. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Twichell and R. Helkey, “Phase-encoded optical sampling for analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1237–1239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (2)

C. W. Holzwarth, R. Amatya, M. Dahlem, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, R. J. Ram, and H. I. Smith, “Fabrication strategies for filter banks based on microring resonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(6), 2164–2167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Holzwarth, T. Barwicz, and H. I. Smith, “Optimization of hydrogen silsesquioxane for photonic applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(6), 2658–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1622–1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Multiple-channel silicon micro-resonator based filters for WDM applications,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7489–7498 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. N. Xia, M. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15(19), 11934–11941 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Geng, L. X. Jia, L. Zhang, L. Yang, P. Chen, T. Wang, and Y. L. Liu, “Four-channel reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer based on photonic wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5502–5516 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, W. Qian, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, N. N. Feng, D. Z. Feng, X. Z. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Low power and compact reconfigurable multiplexing devices based on silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9852–9858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Shen, M. H. Khan, L. Fan, L. Zhao, Y. Xuan, J. Ouyang, L. T. Varghese, and M. H. Qi, “Eight-channel reconfigurable microring filters with tunable frequency, extinction ratio and bandwidth,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18067–18076 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, W. Qian, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, X. Wang, D. Z. Feng, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “1x4 reconfigurable demultiplexing filter based on free-standing silicon racetrack resonators,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24504–24509 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

M. A. Popović, “Complex-frequency leaky mode computations using PML boundary layers for dielectric resonant structures,” in Integrated Photonics Research, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 91 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ITuD4.

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, G. N. Nielson, D. L. Luck, and R. W. Young, “Adiabatic resonant microrings (ARMs) with directly integrated thermal microphotonics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CPDB10.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Global design rules for silicon microphotonic waveguides: sensitivity, polarization and resonance tunability,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC1.

M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and M. A. Popović, “Dynamical Slow Light Cell based on Controlled Far-Field Interference of Microring Resonators,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IMC4.

M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Eleven-Channel Second-Order Silicon Microring-Resonator Filterbank with Tunable Channel Spacing,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMS5.

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F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popović, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching (San Francisco, CA, 2007), pp. 67–68.

M. A. Popović, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. W. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuF4.

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