Abstract

Enhanced optical transmission (EOT) through a single aperture is usually achieved by exciting surface plasmon polaritons with periodic grooves. Surface plasmon polaritons are only excited by p-polarized incident light, i.e. with the electric field perpendicular to the direction of the grooves. The present study experimentally investigates EOT for s-polarized light. A subwavelength slit surrounded on each side by periodic grooves has been fabricated in a gold film and covered by a thin dielectric layer. The excitation of s-polarized dielectric waveguide modes inside the dielectric film strongly increases the s-polarized transmission. A 25 fold increase is measured as compared to the case without the dielectric film. Transmission measurements are compared with a coupled mode method and show good qualitative agreement. Adding a waveguide can improve light transmission through subwavelength apertures, as both s and p-polarization can be efficiently transmitted.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. T. A. Janssen, H. P. Urbach, and G. W. ‘t Hooft, “Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043902 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Raether, “Surface Plasmons,” (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  6. J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Takakura, “Optical resonance in a narrow slit in a thick metallic screen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5601–5603 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(12), 125702 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Moreno, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Extraordinary optical transmission without plasmons: the s-polarization case,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S94 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. A. Kuznetsov, M. Navarro-Cía, V. V. Kubarev, A. V. Gelfand, M. Beruete, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, “Regular and anomalous extraordinary optical transmission at the THz-gap,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11730–11738 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kuznetsov, M. Navarro-Cía, V. V. Kubarev, A. V. Gelfand, M. Beruete, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, “Regular and anomalous extraordinary optical transmission at the THz-gap,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11730–11738 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(12), 125702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

O. T. A. Janssen, H. P. Urbach, and G. W. ‘t Hooft, “Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

E. Moreno, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Extraordinary optical transmission without plasmons: the s-polarization case,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Takakura, “Optical resonance in a narrow slit in a thick metallic screen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5601–5603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

‘t Hooft, G. W.

O. T. A. Janssen, H. P. Urbach, and G. W. ‘t Hooft, “Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babat, T.

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

Blok, H.

H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campillo, I.

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diehl, L.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, R.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Edamura, T.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujikata, J.

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, S.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(12), 125702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Extraordinary optical transmission without plasmons: the s-polarization case,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelfand, A. V.

Grenet, E.

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guillaumée, M.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishi, T.

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Janssen, O. T. A.

O. T. A. Janssen, H. P. Urbach, and G. W. ‘t Hooft, “Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kan, H.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kubarev, V. V.

Kuipers, L.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, S. A.

Lenstra, D.

H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leon-Perez, F.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makita, K.

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(12), 125702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Extraordinary optical transmission without plasmons: the s-polarization case,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Multiple paths to enhance optical transmission through a single subwavelength slit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(21), 213901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, E.

E. Moreno, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Extraordinary optical transmission without plasmons: the s-polarization case,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S94 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cía, M.

Nikitin, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Enhanced optical transmission, beaming and focusing through a subwavelength slit under excitation of dielectric waveguide modes,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(12), 125702 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ohashi, K.

T. Ishi, J. Fujikata, K. Makita, T. Babat, and K. Ohashi, “Si Nano-Photodiode with a Surface Plasmon Antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(12), L364 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pflügl, C.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Santschi, C.

L. A. Dunbar, M. Guillaumée, F. Leon-Perez, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, and R. Eckert, “F. López-Tejeira, F. J. García-Vidal, L. Martín-Moreno, and R. P. Stanley, “Enhanced transmission from a single subwavelength slit aperture surrounded by grooves on a standard detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schouten, H. F.

H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorolla, M.

Stanley, R. P.

M. Guillaumée, L. A. Dunbar, C. Santschi, E. Grenet, R. Eckert, O. J. F. Martin, and R. P. Stanley, “Polarization sensitive silicon photodiodes using nanostructured metallic grids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 193503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takakura, Y.

Y. Takakura, “Optical resonance in a narrow slit in a thick metallic screen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5601–5603 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, H. P.

O. T. A. Janssen, H. P. Urbach, and G. W. ‘t Hooft, “Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Visser, T. D.

H. F. Schouten, T. D. Visser, D. Lenstra, and H. Blok, “Light transmission through a subwavelength slit: Waveguiding and optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 67(3), 036608 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

N. Yu, Q. J. Wang, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, T. Edamura, S. Furuta, M. Yamanishi, and H. Kan, “Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamanishi, M.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A schematic of the studied structure and definitions used in this letter for the polarization state and the structure dimensions. (b) SEM image of a slit and groove structure. (c) Profile of the PMMA layer deposited above a slit and groove structure measured by AFM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized transmission spectra of slit and groove structures milled in a 420 ± 10 nm thick gold film. Each slit is flanked by 7 periodic grooves 180 nm deep and 325 nm wide. Both slits and grooves are 10 µm long. Measurements for (a) p-polarization and w = 311 nm, (b) s-polarization and w = 311 nm, (c) s-polarization and Λ = 638 nm. (d) Theoretical calculations from the coupled mode method for the same parameters than (c).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

P-polarized transmission spectra measured for slit and groove structures covered by a thin dielectric layer. The slit and groove dimensions are the same than for Fig. 2. In (a), w = 311 nm; in (b), Λ = 638 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized transmission spectra of slit and groove structures covered by a thin dielectric layer. The slit and groove dimensions are the same than for Fig. 2. [(a), (c)] s-polarized normalized transmission measurements; [(b), (d)] corresponding theoretical calculations from the coupled mode method. In [(a), (b)], w = 311 nm; in [(c), (d)] Λ = 638 nm.

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