Abstract

Integrated optics coaxial two, three and four telescope beam combiners have been fabricated by hybrid sol-gel technology for astronomical applications. Temporal and spectral analyses of the output interferometric signal have been performed, and their results are in mutual good agreement. The results of the characterization method employed are cross-checked using contrast measurements obtained independently, demonstrating that the chromatic differential dispersion is the main contributer to contrast reduction. The mean visibility of the fabricated devices is always higher than 95 %, obtained using a source with spectral bandwidth of 50 nm. These results show the capability of hybrid sol-gel technology for fast prototyping of complex chip designs used in astronomical applications.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. Monnier, “Optical interferometry in astronomy,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 789–857 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. Englund, and G. Edvell, “New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 5902–5909 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonte, P. Roy, G. Melin, and L. Gasca, “Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2496–2500 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, and J. Allington-Smith, “Ultrafast laser inscription: an enabling technology for as-trophotonics,” Opt. Express 17, 1963–1969 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Kern, E. Le Coarer, and P. Benech, “On-chip spectrodetection for fully integrated coherent beam combiners,” Opt. Express 17, 1976–1987 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).
  17. F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J. E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, “MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 46, 834–844 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. A. Ghasempour, A. M. P. Leite, F. Reynaud, P. V. S. Marques, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Alexandre, and P. J. Moreira, “Hybrid sol-gel planar optics for astronomy,” Opt. Express 17, 1970–1975 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, “Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fibre interferometer in the frame of OHANA project,” Opt. Commun. 232, 31–43 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J. E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, “MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 46, 834–844 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonte, P. Roy, G. Melin, and L. Gasca, “Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2496–2500 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. Englund, and G. Edvell, “New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 5902–5909 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, “Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fibre interferometer in the frame of OHANA project,” Opt. Commun. 232, 31–43 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. D. Monnier, “Optical interferometry in astronomy,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 789–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Alexandre, D.

Allington-Smith, J.

Andrews, M. P.

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

Baldwin, J. E.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Baron, F.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beckett, M. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Beckmann, U.

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Benech, P.

P. Kern, E. Le Coarer, and P. Benech, “On-chip spectrodetection for fully integrated coherent beam combiners,” Opt. Express 17, 1976–1987 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Benisty, M.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

Berger, J. P.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Blaize, S.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Block, E.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boysen, R. C.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Broquin, J. E.

Burns, D.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Buscher, D. F.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Chisham, J.

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

Collomb, V.

Coudray, P.

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cox, G. C.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Coyne, J.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Creech-Eakman, M. J.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Delage, L.

Delboulbe, A.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Edvell, G.

Englund, M.

Fedeli, J. M.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Garcia, P. J. V.

Gasca, L.

Ghasempour, A.

Glindemann, A.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Grelin, J.

Haguenauer, P.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

Haniff, C. A.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Huss, G.

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jocou, L.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jurgenson, C. A.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

Kern, P.

P. Kern, E. Le Coarer, and P. Benech, “On-chip spectrodetection for fully integrated coherent beam combiners,” Opt. Express 17, 1976–1987 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

Labeye, P.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

Labonte, L.

Le Coarer, E.

P. Kern, E. Le Coarer, and P. Benech, “On-chip spectrodetection for fully integrated coherent beam combiners,” Opt. Express 17, 1976–1987 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leblond, G.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

LeBouquin, J. B.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leite, A. M. P.

Leite, A. P.

P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
[Crossref]

Leone, B.

Lerondel, G.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mackay, C. D.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Malber, F.

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

Malbet, F.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Marques, P. V. S.

A. Ghasempour, A. M. P. Leite, F. Reynaud, P. V. S. Marques, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Alexandre, and P. J. Moreira, “Hybrid sol-gel planar optics for astronomy,” Opt. Express 17, 1970–1975 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
[Crossref]

Melin, G.

Millan-Gabet, R.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

Minier, V.

Monnier, J. D.

J. D. Monnier, “Optical interferometry in astronomy,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 789–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

Morand, A.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moreira, P. J.

A. Ghasempour, A. M. P. Leite, F. Reynaud, P. V. S. Marques, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Alexandre, and P. J. Moreira, “Hybrid sol-gel planar optics for astronomy,” Opt. Express 17, 1970–1975 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mourard, D.

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Najafi, I.

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nightingale, N. S.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Olivier, S.

Perraut, K.

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

Perraut, K. A.

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petmezakis, P.

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ragland, S.

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, F.

A. Ghasempour, A. M. P. Leite, F. Reynaud, P. V. S. Marques, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Alexandre, and P. J. Moreira, “Hybrid sol-gel planar optics for astronomy,” Opt. Express 17, 1970–1975 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J. E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, “MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 46, 834–844 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonte, P. Roy, G. Melin, and L. Gasca, “Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2496–2500 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, “Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fibre interferometer in the frame of OHANA project,” Opt. Commun. 232, 31–43 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rogers, J.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Rousselet-Perraut, K.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

Roy, P.

Royer, P.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ruilier, C.

Schanen, I.

S. Olivier, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, V. Collomb, M. Trouillon, J. Grelin, I. Schanen, V. Minier, J. E. Broquin, C. Ruilier, and B. Leone, “MAFL experiment: development of photonic devices for a space-based multiaperture fiber-linked interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 46, 834–844 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schanen-Duport, I.

P. Haguenauer, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. III. optical validation of a planar optics two-telescope beam combiner,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2130–2139 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, P. A. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Schoeller, M.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scott, T. R.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Severi, M.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stefanon, I.

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tatulli, E.

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thomson, R. R.

Traub, W.

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

Trouillon, M.

Tuthill, P. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Vergnole, S.

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonte, P. Roy, G. Melin, and L. Gasca, “Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2496–2500 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, “Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fibre interferometer in the frame of OHANA project,” Opt. Commun. 232, 31–43 (2004).
[Crossref]

Warner, P. J.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Wilson, D. M. A.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Wilson, R. W.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

Young, J. S.

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zabihian, F.

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (4)

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, and R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, L13 (1996).

J. P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, and W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - IV. first measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, L31–L34 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. B. LeBouquin, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, L. Jocou, F. Zabihian, K. Rousselet-Perraut, J. P. Berger, A. Delboulbe, P. Kern, A. Glindemann, and M. Schoeller, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry VI. coupling the light of the vlti in k band,” Astron. Astrophys. 450, 1259–1264 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Benisty, J. P. Berger, L. Jocou, P. Labeye, F. Malbet, K. Perraut, and P. Kern, “An integrated optics beam combiner for the second generation VLTI instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 498, 601–613 (2009).
[Crossref]

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. (2)

F. Malbet, P. Kern, I. Schanen-Duport, J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry I. concept and astronomical applications,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 138, 135–145 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. P. Berger, K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Kern, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, F. Reynaud, P. Haguenauer, and P. Benech, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry - II. first laboratory white-light interferograms,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 139, 173–177 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. J. Moreira, P. V. S. Marques, and A. P. Leite, “Hybrid sol-gel channel waveguide patterning using photoinitiatorfree materials,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 399–401 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nature Photon. (1)

E. Le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lerondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nature Photon. 1, 473–478 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, “Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fibre interferometer in the frame of OHANA project,” Opt. Commun. 232, 31–43 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Coudray, J. Chisham, M. P. Andrews, and I. Najafi, “Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass low-loss waveguides for use at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1234–1240 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. B. LeBouquin, J. P. Berger, P. Labeye, E. Tatulli, F. Malber, K. A. Perraut, and P. Kern, “Comparison of integrated optics concepts for a near infrared multi-telescope beam combiner,” in New Frontiers in Stellar Inter-ferometry, A. Traub, ed., Proc. SPIE 5491, 1362–1369 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Jocou, J. P. Berger, F. Malbet, P. Kern, and U. Beckmann, “System overview of the VLTI Spectro-Imager,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 70132Y–70132Y-12 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Baron, E. Block, D. F. Buscher, J. Coyne, M. J. Creech-Eakman, C. A. Haniff, C. A. Jurgenson, and J. S. Young, “A high-sensitivity near-infrared science combiner for MROI,” in Optical and Infrared Interferometry, M. Scholler, W. Danchi, and F. Delplancke, eds., Proc. SPIE 7013, 701325–701325-11 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Rousselet-Perraut, P. Haguenauer, P. Petmezakis, J. P. Berger, D. Mourard, S. Ragland, G. Huss, F. Reynaud, E. Le Coarer, P. Kern, and F. Malbet, “Qualification of ionic (integrated optics near-infrared interferometric camera),” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. Léna and A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE 4006, 1042–1051 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. D. Monnier, “Optical interferometry in astronomy,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 789–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic layouts of 2T, 3T and 4T combiners.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Interferometric setup used for characterization of the beam combiners.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Channeled spectrum B(ν) and spectral power densities B 1(ν) and B 2(ν). The two vertical lines show the selected window used for calculation of the chromatic differential dispersion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized interferograms as measured for different combiners. Top: Interferogram of the 2T combiner with V = 98.7. Middle and bottom: Interferograms of the 4T combiner with best and worst visibilities, for combination pairs 24 with V = 97.5, and 14 with V = 92.1.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Visibilities of all combination pairs of the 2T, 3T and 4T combiners. V is the experimental visibility of the normalized interferogram. The values of a 2 and a 3 were measured using spectral analysis. Vsimul is the visibility of the interferogram which was calculated using the experimental a 2 and a 3 values. The uncertainties quoted in columns 4 and 5 are valid for a confidence level of 0.7 (±σ). Uncertainties of the V and Vsimul values are respectively smaller than 0.3 and 0.2 percent.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V = max ( I n ) min ( I n ) 2
B ( ν ) = B 1 ( ν ) + B 2 ( ν ) + 2 B 1 ( ν ) B 2 ( ν ) C ( ν ) cos [ ϕ ( ν ) ]
ϕ ( ν ) = ϕ 0 ( ν ) + ϕ f ( ν ) + ϕ c ( ν )
ϕ 0 ( ν ) = k Δ L = 2 πν c Δ L = 2 π Δ L c ( ν 0 + ( ν ν 0 ) )
ϕ f ( ν ) = β f 1 ( ν ) L f 1 β f 2 ( ν ) L f 2 = i = 0 n ( i β f 1 ν i L f 1 i β f 2 ν i L f 2 ) ( ν ν 0 ) i i !
ϕ c ( ν ) = β c 1 ( ν ) L c 1 β c 2 ( ν ) L c 2 = i = 0 n ( i β c 1 ν i L c 1 i β c 2 ν i L c 2 ) ( ν ν 0 ) i i !
ϕ ( ν ) = a 0 + a 1 ( ν ν 0 ) + a 2 ( ν ν 0 ) 2 + a 3 ( ν ν 0 ) 3 +
V simul ( x ) = B ( ν ) e ( ν , x ) B ( ν )

Metrics