Abstract

We report on the phase-locking of two diode lasers based on self-seeded tapered amplifiers. In these lasers, a reduction of linewidth is achieved using narrow-band high-transmission interference filters for frequency selection. The lasers combine a compact design with a Lorentzian linewidth below 200 kHz at an output power of 300 mW for a wavelength of 780 nm. We characterize the phase noise of the phase-locked laser system and study its potential for coherent beam-splitting in atom interferometers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. R. Berman, Atom Interferometry (Academic Press, San Diego, 1997).
  3. G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. In the frame work of the European program FINAQS several transportable atom sensors are studied or under construction. For more information, please visit: http://www.finaqs.uni-hannover.de.
  7. J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Takase, J. K. Stockton, and M. A. Kasevich, “High-power pulsed-current-mode operation of an overdriven tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17 2617 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Ertmer,  et al., Experimental Astronomy 23(2), 611649 (2009), DOI 10.1007/s10686-008-9125-6.
  11. A. Vogel,  et al., “BoseEinstein condensates in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 663-671 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. C. Wilson, J. C. Sharpe, C. R. McKenzie, P. J. Manson, and D. M. Warrington, “Narrow-Linewidth Master-Oscillator Power Amplifier Based on a Semiconductor Tapered Amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4871 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. The used tapered amplifier chip is EYP-TPR-0780-01000-3006-CMT03-0000 by eagleyard Photonics GmbH.
  15. X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Ch. J. Bordé, “Atomic Interferometry with Internal State Labelling,” Phys. Lett. A 140, 10-12 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).
  21. T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. Q. Tien, M. Maiwald, B. Sumpf, G. Erbert, and G. Trnkle, “Microexternal cavity tapered lasers at 670 nm with 5 W peak power and nearly diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2692-2694 (2008)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Ertmer,  et al., Experimental Astronomy 23(2), 611649 (2009), DOI 10.1007/s10686-008-9125-6.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

T. Q. Tien, M. Maiwald, B. Sumpf, G. Erbert, and G. Trnkle, “Microexternal cavity tapered lasers at 670 nm with 5 W peak power and nearly diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2692-2694 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takase, J. K. Stockton, and M. A. Kasevich, “High-power pulsed-current-mode operation of an overdriven tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17 2617 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

2006 (2)

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vogel,  et al., “BoseEinstein condensates in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 663-671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Ch. J. Bordé, “Atomic Interferometry with Internal State Labelling,” Phys. Lett. A 140, 10-12 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baillard, X.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berg, P.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bertoldi, A.

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bize, S.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, Ch. J.

Ch. J. Bordé, “Atomic Interferometry with Internal State Labelling,” Phys. Lett. A 140, 10-12 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bourassin-Bouchet, C.

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cacciapuoti, L.

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Canuel, B.

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheinet, P.

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiow, S.-W.

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clairon, A.

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dáringshoff, K.

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

Dimopoulos, S.

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eppich, B.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

T. Q. Tien, M. Maiwald, B. Sumpf, G. Erbert, and G. Trnkle, “Microexternal cavity tapered lasers at 670 nm with 5 W peak power and nearly diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2692-2694 (2008)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernsting, I.

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

Ertmer, W.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Ertmer,  et al., Experimental Astronomy 23(2), 611649 (2009), DOI 10.1007/s10686-008-9125-6.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feise, D.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, C.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Gauguet, A.

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gilowski, M.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Graham, P.W.

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herr, W.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, S.

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hogan, J. M.

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasevich, M. A.

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takase, J. K. Stockton, and M. A. Kasevich, “High-power pulsed-current-mode operation of an overdriven tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17 2617 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lamporesi, G.

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Landragin, A.

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, Ph.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Gouët, J.

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lea, S. N.

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lévèque, T.

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Long, Q.

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lours, M.

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maiwald, M.

Mäller, T.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manson, P. J.

McKenzie, C. R.

Mehlstäubler, T.E.

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Merlet, S.

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Michaud, F.

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, H.

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, T.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Pereira Dos Santos, F.

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E. M.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rinkleff, R.-H.

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

Rosenbusch, P.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

Schubert, C.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, Ch.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, J. C.

Stockton, J. K.

K. Takase, J. K. Stockton, and M. A. Kasevich, “High-power pulsed-current-mode operation of an overdriven tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17 2617 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sumpf, B.

Takase, K.

K. Takase, J. K. Stockton, and M. A. Kasevich, “High-power pulsed-current-mode operation of an overdriven tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17 2617 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tien, T. Q.

Tino, G. M.

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Trnkle, G.

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel,  et al., “BoseEinstein condensates in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 663-671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Warrington, D. M.

Wendrich, T.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

Wilson, A. C.

Wübbena, T.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yver-Leduc, F.

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zaiser, M.

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

J. Le Gouët, T.E. Mehlstäubler, J. Kim, S. Merlet, A. Clairon, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira dos Santos, “Limits to the sensitivity of a low noise compact atomic gravimeter,” Appl. Phys. B 92,133-144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Vogel,  et al., “BoseEinstein condensates in microgravity,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 663-671 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

T. Müller, M. Gilowski, M. Zaiser, P. Berg, Ch. Schubert, T. Wendrich,W. Ertmer, E. M. Rasel, “A compact dual atom interferometer gyroscope based on laser-cooled rubidium,” Eur. Phys. J. D,  53, 273281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Experimental Astronomy (1)

W. Ertmer,  et al., Experimental Astronomy 23(2), 611649 (2009), DOI 10.1007/s10686-008-9125-6.

IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Fiebig, D. Feise, B. Eppich, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Tapered Diode Laser with Reverse Bias Absorber Section,” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 21, 23 (2009)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

P. Cheinet, B. Canuel, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Gauguet, F. Yver-Leduc, and A. Landragin, “Measurement of the Sensitivity Function in a Time-Domain Atomic Interferometer,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 57, 1141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (5)

K. Dáringshoff, I. Ernsting, R.-H. Rinkleff, S. Schiller, and A. Wicht, “Low-noise, tunable diode laser for ultra-highresolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 32, 2876-2878 (2007).

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filterstabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Mäller, E. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, S. N. Lea, and G. M. Tino, “Heterodyne optical phase-locking of extended-cavity semiconductor lasers at 9 GHz,” Opt. Commun. 104, 339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Gouët, J. Kim, C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Lours, A. Landragin, and F. Pereira Dos Santos, “Wide bandwidth phase-locked diode laser with an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282, 977 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

Ch. J. Bordé, “Atomic Interferometry with Internal State Labelling,” Phys. Lett. A 140, 10-12 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. Lévèque, A. Gauguet, F. Michaud, F. Pereira Dos Santos, and A. Landragin, “Enhancing the Area of a Raman Atom Interferometer using a Versatile Double-Diffraction Technique,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 080405 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamporesi, A. Bertoldi, L. Cacciapuoti, M. Prevedelli, and G. M. Tino, “Determination of the Newtonian Gravitational Constant Using Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 50801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Müller, S.-W. Chiow, Q. Long, S. Herrmann, and S. Chu, “Atom Interferometry with up to 24-Photon-Momentum-Transfer Beam Splitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 180405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dimopoulos, P.W. Graham, J. M. Hogan, and M. A. Kasevich, “Testing General Relativity with Atom Interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

In the frame work of the European program FINAQS several transportable atom sensors are studied or under construction. For more information, please visit: http://www.finaqs.uni-hannover.de.

P. R. Berman, Atom Interferometry (Academic Press, San Diego, 1997).

The used tapered amplifier chip is EYP-TPR-0780-01000-3006-CMT03-0000 by eagleyard Photonics GmbH.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Phase-locked loop setup. The beat note of the two lasers is detected by a photo-diode and a control signal is generated by the subsequent elements, which is fed back to the slave laser via three control loops. LP and LF stand for low-pass-filter and loop-filter, respectively. The other acronyms can be found in the text.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Beat note of the two phase-locked lasers measured at a frequency of 6.83 GHz. The graph shows an average over 100 measurements with a sweep time of 317.3 ms and a resolution bandwidth of 10 kHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

In-loop power spectral density of the phase noise in the phase-locked loop. The data points were taken in several steps according to the frequency range with an average of 20 measurements.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Interference fringes of the described atom interferometer configuration. The inset illustrates the three pulse sequence and the resulting atomic trajectories. To observe the fringes, the phase difference between the two phase-locked lasers is scanned before the last interferometry pulse.

Equations (2)

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σ Φ 2 = 0 H ( f ) 2 S φ ( f ) d f ,
H ( f ) = 4 iπf sin [ πf ( T + τ ) ] Ω R { 2 πf cos [ πf ( T + τ ) ] + sin [ πfT ] Ω R } 4 π 3 f 3 πf Ω R 2

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