Abstract

Photothermal stability and, therefore, consistency of both optical absorption and photoacoustic response of the plasmonic nanoabsorbers is critical for successful photoacoustic image-guided photothermal therapy. In this study, silica-coated gold nanorods were developed as a multifunctional molecular imaging and therapeutic agent suitable for image-guided photothermal therapy. The optical properties and photothermal stability of silica-coated gold nanorods under intense irradiation with nanosecond laser pulses were investigated by UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Silica-coated gold nanorods showed increased photothermal stability and retained their superior optical properties under much higher fluences. The changes in photoacoustic response of PEGylated and silica-coated nanorods under laser pulses of various fluences were compared. The silica-coated gold nanorods provide a stable photoacoustic signal, which implies better imaging capabilities and make silica-coated gold nanorods a promising imaging and therapeutic nano-agent for photoacoustic imaging and image-guided photothermal therapy.

© 2010 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Yguerabide and E. E. Yguerabide, “Light-scattering submicroscopic particles as highly fluorescent analogs and their use as tracer labels in clinical and biological applications,” Anal. Biochem. 262(2), 157–176 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(39), 19220–19225 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. C. Li, C. R. C. Wang, D. B. Shieh, C. W. Wei, C. K. Liao, C. Poe, S. Jhan, A. A. Ding, and Y. N. Wu, “In vivo photoacoustic molecular imaging with simultaneous multiple selective targeting using antibody-conjugated gold nanorods,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18605–18615 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. L. West and N. J. Halas, “Engineered nanomaterials for biophotonics applications: improving sensing, imaging, and therapeutics,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 5(1), 285–292 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. I. Gorelikov and N. Matsuura, “Single-step coating of mesoporous silica on cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-capped nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 369–373 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).
  28. B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (nrs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  29. W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  32. L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

2009 (4)

N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (7)

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Li, C. R. C. Wang, D. B. Shieh, C. W. Wei, C. K. Liao, C. Poe, S. Jhan, A. A. Ding, and Y. N. Wu, “In vivo photoacoustic molecular imaging with simultaneous multiple selective targeting using antibody-conjugated gold nanorods,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18605–18615 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gorelikov and N. Matsuura, “Single-step coating of mesoporous silica on cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-capped nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 369–373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(39), 19220–19225 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

J. L. West and N. J. Halas, “Engineered nanomaterials for biophotonics applications: improving sensing, imaging, and therapeutics,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 5(1), 285–292 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (nrs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. Yguerabide and E. E. Yguerabide, “Light-scattering submicroscopic particles as highly fluorescent analogs and their use as tracer labels in clinical and biological applications,” Anal. Biochem. 262(2), 157–176 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Aaron, J.

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aglyamov, S.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aglyamov, S. R.

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmadi, T. S.

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Banhart, F.

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohn, E.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Braun, M.

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. S.

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. D.

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Composto, R.

Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dahmen, C.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dellago, C.

Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, A. A.

El-Sayed, I. H.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(39), 19220–19225 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (nrs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Emelianov, S.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emelianov, S. Y.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fink, A.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Frey, W.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Gearheart, L.

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gorelikov, I.

I. Gorelikov and N. Matsuura, “Single-step coating of mesoporous silica on cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-capped nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 369–373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gresillon, S.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

J. L. West and N. J. Halas, “Engineered nanomaterials for biophotonics applications: improving sensing, imaging, and therapeutics,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 5(1), 285–292 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanlon, E. B.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, N.

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartland, G. V.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heitsch, A. T.

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homan, K.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Hu, M.

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, K. Z.

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jain, P. K.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jana, N. R.

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jhan, S.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, K.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, P. P.

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joshia, P.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Karpiouk, A.

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khalavka, Y.

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Korgel, B. A.

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kotaidis, V.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kruizinga, P. P.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Kumar, S.

S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, W. C.

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Larson, T.

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larson, T. A.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(39), 19220–19225 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, P. C.

Liao, C. K.

Link, S.

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liz-Marzan, L. M.

I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mallidi, S.

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuura, N.

I. Gorelikov and N. Matsuura, “Single-step coating of mesoporous silica on cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-capped nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 369–373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayers, B. T.

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mills, E.

Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Milner, T.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Milner, T. E.

Modell, M. D.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M. B.

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mulvaney, P.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, C. J.

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nikoobakht, B.

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (nrs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohm, C.

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Omura, N.

N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pastoriza-Santos, I.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patel, R. E.

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perelman, L. T.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perez Juste, J.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perez-Juste, J.

I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, H.

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plech, A.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poe, C.

Qiu, L.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ress, D.

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richards-Kortum, R.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salgueirino-Maceira, V.

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sethuraman, S.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, J.

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shieh, D. B.

Shih, C. W.

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smalling, R. W.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. K.

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soennichsen, C.

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, K.

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Ultrasound imaging to monitor photothermal therapy - feasibility study,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3776–3785 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Aaron, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Molecular specific optoacoustic imaging with plasmonic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6583–6588 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, K. V.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stober, W.

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tam, J.

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teitel, S.

Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Travis, K.

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uechi, I.

N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vitkin, E.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. R. C.

Wang, X.

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. T.

Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, C. W.

West, J. L.

J. L. West and N. J. Halas, “Engineered nanomaterials for biophotonics applications: improving sensing, imaging, and therapeutics,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 5(1), 285–292 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Y. N.

Xia, Y. N.

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, S.

N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yguerabide, E. E.

J. Yguerabide and E. E. Yguerabide, “Light-scattering submicroscopic particles as highly fluorescent analogs and their use as tracer labels in clinical and biological applications,” Anal. Biochem. 262(2), 157–176 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yguerabide, J.

J. Yguerabide and E. E. Yguerabide, “Light-scattering submicroscopic particles as highly fluorescent analogs and their use as tracer labels in clinical and biological applications,” Anal. Biochem. 262(2), 157–176 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, Y. D.

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. H.

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1389–1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

J. Yguerabide and E. E. Yguerabide, “Light-scattering submicroscopic particles as highly fluorescent analogs and their use as tracer labels in clinical and biological applications,” Anal. Biochem. 262(2), 157–176 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Sci. (1)

N. Omura, I. Uechi, and S. Yamada, “Comparison of plasmonic sensing between polymer- and silica-coated gold nanorods,” Anal. Sci. 25(2), 255–259 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. (1)

J. L. West and N. J. Halas, “Engineered nanomaterials for biophotonics applications: improving sensing, imaging, and therapeutics,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 5(1), 285–292 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (2)

I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Perez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of ctab-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chem. Mater. 18(10), 2465–2467 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (nrs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. B. Mohamed, T. S. Ahmadi, S. Link, M. Braun, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Hot electron and phonon dynamics of gold nanoparticles embedded in a gel matrix,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 343(1-2), 55–63 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, X. Wang, G. V. Hartland, V. Salgueirino-Maceira, and L. M. Liz-Marzan, “Heat dissipation in gold-silica core-shell nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 372(5-6), 767–772 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

L. Qiu, T. A. Larson, D. K. Smith, E. Vitkin, S. H. Zhang, M. D. Modell, I. Itzkan, E. B. Hanlon, B. A. Korgel, K. V. Sokolov, and L. T. Perelman, “Single gold nanorod detection using confocal light absorption and scattering spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13(6), 1730–1738 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

J. Shah, S. Park, S. Aglyamov, T. Larson, L. Ma, K. Sokolov, K. Johnston, T. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Photoacoustic imaging and temperature measurement for photothermal cancer therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 034024 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

W. Stober, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in micron size range,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 26(1), 62–69 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

Y. Liu, E. Mills, and R. Composto, “Tuning optical properties of gold nanorods in polymer films through thermal reshaping,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2704–2709 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (4)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Mohamed, K. Z. Ismail, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Thermal reshaping of gold nanorods in micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(47), 9370–9374 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lee and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold and silver nanoparticles in sensing and imaging: sensitivity of plasmon response to size, shape, and metal composition,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(39), 19220–19225 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

Y. Khalavka, C. Ohm, L. Sun, F. Banhart, and C. Soennichsen, “Enhanced thermal stability of gold and silver nanorods by thin surface layers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(35), 12886–12889 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

A. T. Heitsch, D. K. Smith, R. E. Patel, D. Ress, and B. A. Korgel, “Multifunctional particles: Magnetic nanocrystals and gold nanorods coated with fluorescent dye-doped silica shells,” J. Solid State Chem. 181(7), 1590–1599 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langmuir (1)

S. S. Chang, C. W. Shih, C. D. Chen, W. C. Lai, and C. R. C. Wang, “The shape transition of gold nanorods,” Langmuir 15(3), 701–709 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (6)

S. Mallidi, T. Larson, J. Tam, P. P. Joshi, A. Karpiouk, K. Sokolov, and S. Emelianov, “Multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging and plasmon resonance coupling of gold nanoparticles for selective detection of cancer,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 2825–2831 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, “Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1338–1343 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aaron, K. Travis, N. Harrison, and K. Sokolov, “Dynamic imaging of molecular assemblies in live cells based on nanoparticle plasmon resonance coupling,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3612–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, and Y. N. Xia, “Modifying the surface properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles through a sol-gel approach,” Nano Lett. 2(3), 183–186 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Wang, S. Teitel, and C. Dellago, “Surface-driven bulk reorganization of gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2174–2178 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gorelikov and N. Matsuura, “Single-step coating of mesoporous silica on cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-capped nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 369–373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Protoc. (1)

S. Kumar, J. Aaron, and K. Sokolov, “Directional conjugation of antibodies to nanoparticles for synthesis of multiplexed optical contrast agents with both delivery and targeting moieties,” Nat. Protoc. 3(2), 314–320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Petrova, J. Perez Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, G. V. Hartland, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “On the temperature stability of gold nanorods: comparison between thermal and ultrafast laser-induced heating,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(7), 814–821 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, S. Gresillon, C. Dahmen, and G. von Plessen, “Laser-induced heating and melting of gold nanoparticles studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 70(19), 195423 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y.-S. Chen, P. P. Kruizinga, P. Joshia, S. Kim, K. Homan, K. Sokolov, W. Frey, and S. Emelianov, “On stability of molecular therapeutic agents for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound image-guided photothermal therapy,” Proc. SPIE 7564, 7564–7561 (2010).

Ultrasound Med. Biol. (1)

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Remote temperature estimation in intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 34(2), 299–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics