Abstract

We report here the first demonstration of a mode-locked fiber laser delivering parabolic pulses (similaritons) at 1534 nm. The use of a Raman-based gain medium potentially allows its implementation at any wavelength. The 22nJ output similariton pulses have a true parabolic shape both in the time and spectral domains and a linear chirp. Linear recompression close to Fourier limit is demonstrated allowing us to obtain 6 ps compressed pulses with a compression factor of 75.

© 2010 OSA

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2010

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kruglov, D. Mechin, and J. D. Harvey, “All-fiber ring Raman laser generating parabolic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2Issue 2), 023815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2000

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

1988

1985

Billet, C.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-14-21-10095 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeLong, K. W.

Doran, N. J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Finot, G. Millot, C. Billet, and J. M. Dudley, “Experimental generation of parabolic pulses via Raman amplification in optical fiber,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1547–1552 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-11-13-1547 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finot, C.

Harvey, J. D.

V. I. Kruglov, D. Mechin, and J. D. Harvey, “All-fiber ring Raman laser generating parabolic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2Issue 2), 023815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kruglov and J. D. Harvey, “Asymptotically exact parabolic solutions of the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation with varying parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2541–2550 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-12-2541 .
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohmuth, R.

Hunter, J.

Ilday, F. O.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilday, F. Ö.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Johnson, A. M.

Kracht, D.

Kruglov, V. I.

V. I. Kruglov, D. Mechin, and J. D. Harvey, “All-fiber ring Raman laser generating parabolic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2Issue 2), 023815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kruglov and J. D. Harvey, “Asymptotically exact parabolic solutions of the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation with varying parameters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2541–2550 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-12-2541 .
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

Mechin, D.

V. I. Kruglov, D. Mechin, and J. D. Harvey, “All-fiber ring Raman laser generating parabolic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2Issue 2), 023815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

Nielsen, C. K.

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Prochnow, O.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Richter, W.

Ruehl, A.

Schreiber, T.

Schultz, M.

Stolen, R. H.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Trebino, R.

Tünnermann, A.

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

White, W. E.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, D.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Photon. Rev.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, C. Finot, D. J. Richardson, and G. Millot, “Self-similarity in ultrafast nonlinear optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(9), 597–603 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

V. I. Kruglov, D. Mechin, and J. D. Harvey, “All-fiber ring Raman laser generating parabolic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2Issue 2), 023815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,” in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89–154.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics, Elsevier Ed. (Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, CA, 2001).

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, Parabolic Pulse Regime of an Ultrafast Fiber Laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ASSP-2007-TuB2

J. Dudley, A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, and D. Harter, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WP4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated temporal profiles (a) and spectral densities (b) in normalized scale at points A, B, C and D (from top to bottom).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structure of the laser. WDM- Wavelength division multiplexing, ISO- Isolator, DCF- Dispersion Compensating Fiber, BPF- Band Pass Filter, NOLM- Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power evolution vs Pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) and (b) are respectively the laser output pulse spectrum and temporal shape with a least squares parabolic fitting for an output power of 1.25 mW.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental temporal profiles (a) and spectral densities (b) in normalized scale at points A, B, C and D (from top to bottom).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temporal intensity distribution of the 6 ps compressed pulse.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i ψ S z = β S 2 2 ψ S τ 2 γ S | ψ S | 2 ψ S + i g S 2 ψ S + i σ g 2 2 ψ S τ 2
ψ S ( τ ) = A S 1 ( τ τ S ) 2 exp [ i Φ S ( τ ) ] θ ( τ S | τ | )
A S = 1 2 ( 2 g S 2 E 0 2 β S γ S ) 1 / 6 exp ( 1 3 g S l S )
τ S = 3 ( β S γ S E 0 2 g S 2 ) 1 / 3 exp ( 1 3 g S l S )
Φ S ( τ ) = Φ 0 + 3 γ S 2 g S A S 2 g S 6 β S τ 2

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