Abstract

Bottle resonators can support high Q-factor whispering gallery modes (WGMs) and demonstrate a rich mode spectrum. Resonators were fabricated using a fiber tapering apparatus and were coated with a thin, smooth layer of luminescent silicon nanocrystals. The photoluminescence spectrum showed WGM peaks with Q-factors near 2,500; however, evanescent measurements showed that these modes are a composite of many modes with Q-factors exceeding 106, the highest yet seen for a silicon-nanocrystalcoated microresonators. The mode structure showed strong polarization and sensitivity to position within the bottle resonator. An analysis of loss mechanisms establishes surface roughness scattering as the limiting factor in these nanocrystal-coated bottle resonators in the absence of excited carriers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
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S. Vicknesh, F. Li, and Z. Mi, "Optical microcavities on si formed by self-assembled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot microtubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. P¨ollinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Ultra-high-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (7)

J. Homola, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species," Chem. Rev. 108, 429-493 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Kekatpure and M. Brongersma, "Quantification of free-carrier absorption in silicon nanocrystals with an optical microcavity," Nano. Lett. 8, 3787-3793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ghulinyan, D. Navarro-Urrıos, A. Pitanti, A. Lui, G. Pucker, and L. Pavesi, "Whispering-gallery modes and light emission from a si-nanocrystal-based single microdisk resonator," Opt. Express 16, 13218-13224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "Fundamental photophysics and optical loss processes in si-nanocrystaldoped microdisk resonators," Phys. Rev. A 78, 023829 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, "Silicon-Based light sources for silicon integrated circuits," Adv. Opt. Technol. 2008, 416926 (2008).

2007 (4)

A. Beltaos and A. Meldrum, "Whispering gallery modes in silicon-nanocrystal-coated silica microspheres," J. Lumin. 126, 607-613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

I. Teraoka and S. Arnold, "Enhancing the sensitivity of a whispering-gallery mode microsphere sensor by a high-refractive-index surface layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1434-1441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Jurbergs, E. Rogojina, L. Mangolini, and U. Kortshagen, "Silicon nanocrystals with ensemble quantum yields exceeding 60%," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 233116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 72, 031801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Egerton, "New techniques in electron energy-loss spectroscopy," Micron 34, 127-129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

L. T. Canham, "Luminescence bands and their proposed origins in highly porous silicon," Phys. Status Solidi B 190, 9-14 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

L. Tsybeskov, J. Vandyshev, and P. Fauchet, "Blue emission in porous silicon - oxygen-related photoluminescence," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7821-7824 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Payne and J. P. R. Lacey, "A theoretical analysis of scattering loss from planar optical waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 977-986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

Balakrishnan, S.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belarouci, A.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beltaos, A.

A. Beltaos and A. Meldrum, "Whispering gallery modes in silicon-nanocrystal-coated silica microspheres," J. Lumin. 126, 607-613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bianucci, P.

P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Brongersma, M.

R. Kekatpure and M. Brongersma, "Quantification of free-carrier absorption in silicon nanocrystals with an optical microcavity," Nano. Lett. 8, 3787-3793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "Fundamental photophysics and optical loss processes in si-nanocrystaldoped microdisk resonators," Phys. Rev. A 78, 023829 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canham, L. T.

L. T. Canham, "Luminescence bands and their proposed origins in highly porous silicon," Phys. Status Solidi B 190, 9-14 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cazzaneli, M.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cazzanelli, M.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chausserie, S.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clements, C. M.

P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dal Negro, L.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Daldosso, N.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dimmick, T. E.

Donegan, J.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dufour, C.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Egerton, R. F.

R. F. Egerton, "New techniques in electron energy-loss spectroscopy," Micron 34, 127-129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elliman, R.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tsybeskov, J. Vandyshev, and P. Fauchet, "Blue emission in porous silicon - oxygen-related photoluminescence," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7821-7824 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Franzo, G.

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ghulinyan, M.

Gosele, U.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gourbilleau, F.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gun’ko, Y.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, D.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, J.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hessel, C. M.

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heyn, C.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

J. Homola, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species," Chem. Rev. 108, 429-493 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iacona, F.

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, N.

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jurbergs, D.

D. Jurbergs, E. Rogojina, L. Mangolini, and U. Kortshagen, "Silicon nanocrystals with ensemble quantum yields exceeding 60%," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 233116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kakarantzas, G.

Kekatpure, R.

R. Kekatpure and M. Brongersma, "Quantification of free-carrier absorption in silicon nanocrystals with an optical microcavity," Nano. Lett. 8, 3787-3793 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kekatpure, R. D.

R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "Fundamental photophysics and optical loss processes in si-nanocrystaldoped microdisk resonators," Phys. Rev. A 78, 023829 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiesel, P.

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kipp, T.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kortshagen, U.

D. Jurbergs, E. Rogojina, L. Mangolini, and U. Kortshagen, "Silicon nanocrystals with ensemble quantum yields exceeding 60%," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 233116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. P. R.

F. P. Payne and J. P. R. Lacey, "A theoretical analysis of scattering loss from planar optical waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 977-986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, F.

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

S. Vicknesh, F. Li, and Z. Mi, "Optical microcavities on si formed by self-assembled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot microtubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Louyer, Y.

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 72, 031801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lui, A.

Luther-Davies, B.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Malac, M.

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mangolini, L.

D. Jurbergs, E. Rogojina, L. Mangolini, and U. Kortshagen, "Silicon nanocrystals with ensemble quantum yields exceeding 60%," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 233116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoleni, C.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Melchiorri, M.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meldrum, A.

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Beltaos and A. Meldrum, "Whispering gallery modes in silicon-nanocrystal-coated silica microspheres," J. Lumin. 126, 607-613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 72, 031801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mi, Z.

S. Vicknesh, F. Li, and Z. Mi, "Optical microcavities on si formed by self-assembled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot microtubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mohta, S.

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Urr’ios, D.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Urrios, D.

O’Shea, D.

M. P¨ollinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Ultra-high-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ossicini, S.

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P¨ollinger, M.

M. P¨ollinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Ultra-high-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pacifici, D.

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

M. Ghulinyan, D. Navarro-Urrıos, A. Pitanti, A. Lui, G. Pucker, and L. Pavesi, "Whispering-gallery modes and light emission from a si-nanocrystal-based single microdisk resonator," Opt. Express 16, 13218-13224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, "Silicon-Based light sources for silicon integrated circuits," Adv. Opt. Technol. 2008, 416926 (2008).

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Payne, F. P.

F. P. Payne and J. P. R. Lacey, "A theoretical analysis of scattering loss from planar optical waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 977-986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perova, T.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pitanti, A.

Portier, X.

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Priolo, F.

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzo, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pucker, G.

M. Ghulinyan, D. Navarro-Urrıos, A. Pitanti, A. Lui, G. Pucker, and L. Pavesi, "Whispering-gallery modes and light emission from a si-nanocrystal-based single microdisk resonator," Opt. Express 16, 13218-13224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Daldosso, M. Melchiorri, L. Pavesi, G. Pucker, F. Gourbilleau, S. Chausserie, A. Belarouci, X. Portier, and C. Dufour, "Optical losses and absorption cross-section of silicon nanocrystals," J. Lumin. 121, 344 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rakovich, Y.

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

M. P¨ollinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Ultra-high-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Louyer, D. Meschede, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Tunable whispering-gallery-mode resonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics," Phys. Rev. A 72, 031801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rehberg, H.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riboli, F.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rodr’iguez, J.

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rodr’iguez, J. R.

P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogojina, E.

D. Jurbergs, E. Rogojina, L. Mangolini, and U. Kortshagen, "Silicon nanocrystals with ensemble quantum yields exceeding 60%," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 233116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roux, R. L.

Ruan, J.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Samoc, M.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scholz, R.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, C. M.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J. H.

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N.

P. Fauchet, J. Ruan, H. Chen, L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzaneli, R. Elliman, N. Smith, M. Samoc, and B. Luther-Davies, "Optical gain in different silicon nanocrystal systems," Opt. Mater. 27, 745-749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Strelow, C.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. A.

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sung, J.

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teraoka, I.

Tewary, A.

A. Tewary, M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Sung, J. H. Shin, and M. L. Brongersma, "Silicon-Nanocrystal-Coated silica microsphere thermooptical switch," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1476-1479 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsybeskov, L.

L. Tsybeskov, J. Vandyshev, and P. Fauchet, "Blue emission in porous silicon - oxygen-related photoluminescence," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7821-7824 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vandyshev, J.

L. Tsybeskov, J. Vandyshev, and P. Fauchet, "Blue emission in porous silicon - oxygen-related photoluminescence," Phys. Rev. B 49, 7821-7824 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Veinot, J. G. C.

P. Bianucci, J. R. Rodr’ıguez, C. M. Clements, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Silicon nanocrystal luminescence coupled to whispering gallery modes in optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bianucci, J. Rodr’ıguez, F. Lenz, J. G. C. Veinot, and A. Meldrum, "Mode structure in the luminescence of si-nc in cylindrical microcavities," Physica E 41, 1107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vicknesh, S.

S. Vicknesh, F. Li, and Z. Mi, "Optical microcavities on si formed by self-assembled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot microtubes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 081101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Warken, F.

M. P¨ollinger, D. O’Shea, F. Warken, and A. Rauschenbeutel, "Ultra-high-Q tunable whispering-gallery-mode microresonator," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Welsch, H.

C. Strelow, H. Rehberg, C. M. Schultz, H. Welsch, C. Heyn, D. Heitmann, and T. Kipp, "Optical microcavities formed by semiconductor microtubes using a bottlelike geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 127403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Kipp, H. Welsch, C. Strelow, C. Heyn, and D. Heitmann, "Optical modes in semiconductor microtube ring resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 077403 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L. X.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zacharias, M.

M. Cazzanelli, D. Navarro-Urr’ıos, F. Riboli, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, J. Heitmann, L. X. Yi, R. Scholz, M. Zacharias, and U. Gosele, "Optical gain in monodispersed silicon nanocrystals," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3164-3171 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Y. Rakovich, S. Balakrishnan, J. Donegan, T. Perova, R. Moore, and Y. Gun’ko, "The fabrication, fluorescence dynamics, and whispering gallery modes of aluminosilicate microtube resonators," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 1106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. M. Hessel, M. A. Summers, A. Meldrum, M. Malac, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Direct patterning, conformal coating, and erbium doping of luminescent nc-si/sio2 thin films from solution processable hydrogen silsesquioxane," Adv. Mater. 19, 3513-3516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Technol. (1)

L. Pavesi, "Silicon-Based light sources for silicon integrated circuits," Adv. Opt. Technol. 2008, 416926 (2008).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Schmidt, P. Kiesel, S. Mohta, and N. Johnson, "Resolving pm wavelength shifts in optical sensing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 593-600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. R. Rodr’ıguez, P. Bianucci, A. Meldrum, and J. G. C. Veinot, "Whispering gallery modes in hollow cylindrical microcavities containing silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 131119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Dal Negro, M. Cazzanelli, L. Pavesi, S. Ossicini, D. Pacifici, G. Franzo, F. Priolo, and F. Iacona, "Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4636-4638 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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