Abstract

An off-axis incident model is presented to analyze the influence of beam pointing fluctuation on the propagation properties of intense laser beams in plasma channels. The equations for the beam spot size and centroid are obtained by applying the variational method. The beam pointing fluctuation contributes additional focusing effect by amplifying relativistic self-focusing, leading to periodically modified oscillations of the spot size. The beam centroid oscillates along the channel axis with the amplitude close to its initial off-axis displacement, while the oscillation frequency is scaled as the square of the dimensionless channel strength parameter.

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2009

W. Leemans and E. Esarey, “Laser-driven plasma-wave electron accelerators,” Phys. Today 62(3), 44–49 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakajima, “Compact X-ray sources: Towards a table-top free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 4(2), 92–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhu, G. Zhou, X. Li, X. Zheng, and H. Tang, “Propagation of Bessel-Gaussian beams with optical vortices in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21315–21320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Z. Z. Xu and R. X. Li, “Recent progress in the development of high intensity ultrashort pulse lasers at SIOM,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, S1–S4 (2007).

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, “Quasistatic capillary discharge plasma model,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9(8), 081301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

1987

P. Sprangle, A. Ting, and C. M. Tang, “Analysis of radiation focusing and steering in the free-electron laser by use of a source-dependent expansion technique,” Phys. Rev. A 36(6), 2773–2781 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sun, E. Ott, Y. C. Lee, and P. Guzdar, “Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 30(2), 526–532 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1979

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, “Laser Electron Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Al-Rashed, A.-A. R.

An, W. M.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Antonsen, T. M.

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ben-Ismail, A.

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruhwiler, D.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulanov, S. V.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burgy, F.

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cary, J.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. M.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chvykov, V.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, C.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collier, J. L.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Daito, I.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dangor, A. E.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davoine, X.

X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawson, J. M.

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, “Laser Electron Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Divall, E. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrlich, Y.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

W. Leemans and E. Esarey, “Laser-driven plasma-wave electron accelerators,” Phys. Today 62(3), 44–49 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
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W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
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G. Sun, E. Ott, Y. C. Lee, and P. Guzdar, “Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 30(2), 526–532 (1987).
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P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayashi, Y.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Homma, T.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, W.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hooker, S. M.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hua, J. F.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. J.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hubbard, R. F.

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaroszynski, D. A.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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Jiao, C. Y.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, C.

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaganovich, D.

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalintchenko, G.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
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Kalmykov, S.

S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kameshima, T.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kanazawa, S.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kando, M.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khudik, V.

S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. J.

M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
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L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, “Quasistatic capillary discharge plasma model,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9(8), 081301 (2006).
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Kiriyama, H.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kiselev, S.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koga, J.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koga, J. K.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, S.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
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Kotaki, H.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krall, J.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krushelnick, K.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
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C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
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M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
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C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
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M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
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M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
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Liu, X. J.

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
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W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
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Malka, V.

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
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X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
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W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
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C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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G. Sun, E. Ott, Y. C. Lee, and P. Guzdar, “Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 30(2), 526–532 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
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T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
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L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pikuz, T.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousseau, J.-P.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousseau, P.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
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Saleh, B. E. A.

Sasao, H.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
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I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
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S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
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W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
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C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
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P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinhauer, L. C.

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, “Quasistatic capillary discharge plasma model,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9(8), 081301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, A.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, K.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun, E. Ott, Y. C. Lee, and P. Guzdar, “Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 30(2), 526–532 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tafzi, A.

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tajima, T.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, “Laser Electron Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. M.

P. Sprangle, A. Ting, and C. M. Tang, “Analysis of radiation focusing and steering in the free-electron laser by use of a source-dependent expansion technique,” Phys. Rev. A 36(6), 2773–2781 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, C. X.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.

Tang, L. Q.

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanoue, M.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, A. G. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ting, A.

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle, A. Ting, and C. M. Tang, “Analysis of radiation focusing and steering in the free-electron laser by use of a source-dependent expansion technique,” Phys. Rev. A 36(6), 2773–2781 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toth, C. S.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tóth, C.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsung, F. S.

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzoufras, M.

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Tilborg, J.

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Videau, H.

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vieira, J.

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Viskup, R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wakai, D.

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walton, B. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X. X.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wen, T. S.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wen, X.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Z.

M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu and R. X. Li, “Recent progress in the development of high intensity ultrashort pulse lasers at SIOM,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, S1–S4 (2007).

Yanovsky, V.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yi, S. A.

S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi, Y. G.

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C. G.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, B. J.

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

Zhou, K. N.

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, K.

Zhu, Q.

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Express

T. Kameshima, W. Hong, K. Sugiyama, X. Wen, Y. Wu, C. Tang, Q. Zhu, Y. Gu, B. Zhang, H. Peng, S. Kurokawa, L. Chen, T. Tajima, T. Kumita, and K. Nakajima, “0.56 GeV Laser Electron Acceleration in Ablative-Capillary-Discharge Plasma Channel,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 066001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Nat. Phys.

K. Nakajima, “Compact X-ray sources: Towards a table-top free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys. 4(2), 92–93 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, and W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Fluids

G. Sun, E. Ott, Y. C. Lee, and P. Guzdar, “Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 30(2), 526–532 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A

M. W. Liu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and C. J. Kim, “Relativistic channel-coupling focusing enhanced nonlinear guiding of an intense laser beam in a plasma channel,” Phys. Lett. A 373(3), 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas

M. W. Liu, B. J. Zhou, Y. G. Yi, X. J. Liu, and L. Q. Tang, “Intensity dependence of relativistic focusing of intense laser beams propagating in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 14(10), 103104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. McGuffey, M. Levin, T. Matsuoka, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Zigler, A. Maksimchuk, and K. Krushelnick, “Guiding of 35 TW laser pulses in ablative capillary discharge waveguides,” Phys. Plasmas 16(11), 113105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, H. Kotaki, K. Nakajima, J. Koga, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Q. Gu, H. S. Peng, X. X. Wang, T. S. Wen, H. J. Liu, C. Y. Jiao, C. G. Zhang, X. J. Huang, Y. Guo, K. N. Zhou, J. F. Hua, W. M. An, C. X. Tang, and Y. Z. Lin, “Self-guiding of 100 TW femtosecond laser pulses in centimeter-scale underdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 14(4), 040703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

P. Sprangle, A. Ting, and C. M. Tang, “Analysis of radiation focusing and steering in the free-electron laser by use of a source-dependent expansion technique,” Phys. Rev. A 36(6), 2773–2781 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, J. R. Peñano, R. F. Hubbard, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, D. F. Gordon, A. Zigler, D. Kaganovich, and T. M. Antonsen., “Wakefield generation and GeV acceleration in tapered plasma channels,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5), 056405 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of High Intensity Laser Pulses in Straight and Curved Plasma Channel Experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(20), 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rechatin, J. Faure, A. Ben-Ismail, J. Lim, R. Fitour, A. Specka, H. Videau, A. Tafzi, F. Burgy, and V. Malka, “Controlling the phase-space volume of injected electrons in a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(16), 164801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kotaki, I. Daito, M. Kando, Y. Hayashi, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, T. Homma, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Z. Esirkepov, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. K. Koga, A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, T. Shimomura, Y. Nakai, M. Tanoue, H. Sasao, D. Wakai, H. Matsuura, S. Kondo, S. Kanazawa, A. Sugiyama, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Electron Optical Injection with Head-On and Countercrossing Colliding Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(19), 194803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kalmykov, S. A. Yi, V. Khudik, and G. Shvets, “Electron self-injection and trapping into an evolving plasma bubble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 135004 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Kostyukov, E. Nerush, A. Pukhov, and V. Seredov, “Electron self-injection in multidimensional relativistic-plasma wake fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(17), 175003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Davoine, E. Lefebvre, C. Rechatin, J. Faure, and V. Malka, “Cold optical injection producing monoenergetic, multi-GeV electron bunches,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, “Laser Electron Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams

W. Lu, M. Tzoufras, C. Joshi, F. S. Tsung, W. B. Mori, J. Vieira, R. A. Fonseca, and L. O. Silva, “Generating multi-GeV electron bunches using single stage laser wakefield acceleration in a 3D nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 061301 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, “Quasistatic capillary discharge plasma model,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 9(8), 081301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

W. Leemans and E. Esarey, “Laser-driven plasma-wave electron accelerators,” Phys. Today 62(3), 44–49 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1980).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Variations of the normalized beam spot size r s (a) and centroid x c (b) along the propagation distance z (normalized by Z R ) in the cases of different displacements ( Δ = 0 , 0.5 , 1 , a n d 2 ) . The parameters are I 0 = 0.31 , N c = 0.21 , and N r 49 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolutions of the laser intensity (normalized by I 0 ) on the x z plane, corresponding to Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variations of the normalized beam spot size r s (a) and centroid x c (b) along the propagation distance z (normalized to Z R ) in the cases of different displacement, ( Δ = 0 , 0.5 , 1 , a n d 2 ) . The parameters are I 0 = 5 , N c = 0.19 , and N r 3 .4 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Evolutions of the laser intensity (normalized to I 0 ) on the x z plane, corresponding to Fig. 3.

Metrics