Abstract

We report on the second harmonic generation (SHG) in 2D periodically polarity-inverted (PPI) ZnO heterostructures. The grating structures with nanometer-scale periodicity are fabricated on (0001) Al2O3 substrates by using the in situ polarity inversion method. The achievements of SHG with grating in fabricated PPI ZnO structures are demonstrated under consideration of quasi phase matching conditions. In general, grating formation using the this periodical array of differnet polar surface can be extended to the other heteroepitaxial systems with polarity characteristics.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. S. N. Zhu, H. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi–Phase-Matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
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  4. N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(5), 550–575 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ishikawa and M. Iwanaga, “In-plane second harmonic generations in photonic crystal slabs of LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 082101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

M. Ishikawa and M. Iwanaga, “In-plane second harmonic generations in photonic crystal slabs of LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 082101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

V. Berger, “Nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(19), 4136–4139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(5), 550–575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. N. Zhu, H. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi–Phase-Matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Alleman, A.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arie, A.

Berenschot, E.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, V.

V. Berger, “Nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(19), 4136–4139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, M.

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruinink, C. M.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruner, A.

Burresi, M.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J. H.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, C. O.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cho, M. W.

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, A.

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, A. R.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, M. J.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebihara, M.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eger, D.

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hanada, T.

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J. L.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S. K.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hou, H.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, C. C.

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huskens, J.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ichinose, H.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Im, I. H.

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

M. Ishikawa and M. Iwanaga, “In-plane second harmonic generations in photonic crystal slabs of LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 082101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishiwada, T.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iwanaga, M.

M. Ishikawa and M. Iwanaga, “In-plane second harmonic generations in photonic crystal slabs of LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 082101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D. H.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, H. V.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeon, H.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ji, S. H.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. R.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kasimov, D.

Kim, I.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koh, S.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kung, A. H.

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. W.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mandeville, W. J.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minegishi, T.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, H. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi–Phase-Matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ng, H. M.

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ng, J.

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, D. C.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ong, H. C.

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pacradouni, V.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paddon, P.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. S.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. H.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. S.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L. H.

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reinhoudt, D. N.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenman, G.

Ross, G. W.

N. G. R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(19), 4345–4348 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sawada, H.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaier, P.

Shoji, I.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vawter, G. A.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weimann, N. G.

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wendt, J. R.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whitesides, G. M.

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(5), 550–575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winebrand, E.

Woo, J. C.

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(5), 550–575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, P.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, T.

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X. Q.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, H. Y.

S. N. Zhu, H. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi–Phase-Matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, H. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi–Phase-Matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278(5339), 843–846 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubrzycki, W.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37(5), 550–575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

M. Ishikawa and M. Iwanaga, “In-plane second harmonic generations in photonic crystal slabs of LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 082101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

L. H. Peng, C. C. Hsu, J. Ng, and A. H. Kung, “Wavelength tunability of second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ (2) nonlinear photonic crystals with a tetragonal lattice structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3250–3252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Wu, H. C. Ong, J. Y. Dai, and R. P. H. Chang, “Second harmonic generation in laser ablated zinc oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(5), 572–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, S. K. Hong, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, I. H. Im, T. Hanada, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, J. W. Lee, and J. Y. Lee, “Polarity control of ZnO films on (0001)Al2O3 by Cr-compound intermediate layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. O. Cho, J. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Jeon, I. Kim, D. H. Jang, Y. S. Park, and J. C. Woo, “Photonic crystal band edge laser array with a holographically generated square-lattice pattern,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(16), 161102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Park, T. Goto, S. K. Hong, S. H. Lee, J. W. Lee, T. Minegishi, S. H. Park, J. H. Chang, D. C. Oh, J. Y. Lee, and T. Yao, “Structural and optical investigations of periodically polarity inverted ZnO heterostructures on (0001) Al2O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(14), 141904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, H. M. Ng, M. Bhardwaj, and N. G. Weimann, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1077–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi phase matched second harmonic generation:Tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

J. S. Park, T. Minegishi, S. H. Lee, I. H. Im, S. H. Park, T. Hanada, T. Goto, M. W. Cho, T. Yao, S. K. Hong, and J. H. Chang, “Effects of interfacial layer structures on crystal structural properties of ZnO films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 26(1), 90–96 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Koh, T. Kondo, M. Ebihara, T. Ishiwada, H. Sawada, H. Ichinose, I. Shoji, and R. Ito, “GaAs/Ge/GaAs sublattice reversal epitaxy on GaAs (100) and (111) substrate for nonlinear optical Devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 2, No. 5A), L508–L511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. M. Bruinink, M. Burresi, M. J. de Boer, F. B. Segerink, H. V. Jansen, E. Berenschot, D. N. Reinhoudt, J. Huskens, and L. Kuipers, “Nanoimprint lithography for nanophotonics in silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2872–2877 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Pacradouni, W. J. Mandeville, A. R. Cowan, P. Paddon, J. F. Young, and S. R. Johnson, “Photonic band structure of dielectric membranes periodically textured in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. B 62(7), 4204–4207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Xu, S. H. Ji, S. N. Zhu, X. Q. Yu, J. Sun, H. T. Wang, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Conical second harmonic generation in a two-dimensional χ(2) photonic crystal: a hexagonally poled LiTaO3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 133904 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of procedures for fabricating PPI ZnO structures. (a) LT ZnO grown on Zn-pre-exposed CrN buffer. (b) 2D pattern formation on LT ZnO by LH lithography. (c) O2 plasma treatment on exposed CrN surface for formation of Cr2O3. (d) Re-growth of ZnO, resulting in Zn-polar film on CrN and O-polar film on ZnO on Al2O3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

X-ray diffraction (a) θ–2θ scan, (b) φ-scan spectra of (10-11) ZnO planes of the PPI ZnO structures. Inset of (a) shows the typical ω-rocking curve of the (0002) ZnO plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic illustration of 2D PPI-ZnO in planar geometry and coordinate system used in this study. (b) Experimental incident-angle-dependent transmission spectra measured along x axis with p-polarized light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) SH signal intensity as a function of incident angle. (b) Calculated QPM conditions in 2D PPI ZnO structures from dispersion relation.

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