Abstract

Continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched operations of LD-end-pumped Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 (Nd:GAGG) laser at 1062 nm were reported. The highest CW output power of 5.7 W was obtained, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency and slope efficiency of 51.0% and 54.5%, respectively. The CW output efficiency of Nd:GAGG laser is comparable and even better than that of Nd:GGG. The passively Q-switched output was realized for the first time to our knowledge. In addition, a maximum output power of 1.12 W, a maximum pulse repetition rate of 39 kHz and a minimum pulse width of 6 ns were obtained by using Cr4+:YAG as the saturable absorber.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ring lasers with high average output power in single-frequency operation,” Opt. Lett. 22(10), 706–708 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd:GAGG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1-2), 17–22 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Naito, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, T. Okuyama, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, S. Nakai, T. Fukuda, M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient laser-diode-pumped neodymium-doped calcium–niobium–gallium–garnet laser,” Appl. Opt. 32(36), 7387–7390 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Kaechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, 2002). Chap. 1.
  11. N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. J. Zayhowski, P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. J. Zayhowski, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG microchip lasers and applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 303–304(1-2), 393–400 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG microchip lasers and applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 303–304(1-2), 393–400 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ring lasers with high average output power in single-frequency operation,” Opt. Lett. 22(10), 706–708 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski, P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd:GAGG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1-2), 17–22 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Beilschmidt, L.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, I.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. M.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dötsch, H.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durygin, A.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

Frommeyer, M.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

Garapon, C.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gather, B.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerhardt, R.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. T.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z. T.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Zayhowski, P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Keszei, B.

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kleine-Börger, J.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kopczynski, K.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd:GAGG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1-2), 17–22 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Matkovskii, A.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mermilliod, N.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mierczyk, Z.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Naito, K.

Nakai, S.

Nakatsuka, M.

Okuyama, T.

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paitz, J.

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Potera, P.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Romero, R.

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd:GAGG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1-2), 17–22 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z. B.

Solskii, I.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suchocki, A.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugak, D.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. K.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suveges, A.

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Timoshechkin, M. I.

Tünnermann, A.

Ubizskii, S.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vandlik, J.

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q. P.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

Welling, H.

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, M.

Yokotani, A.

Yu, H. H.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG microchip lasers and applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 303–304(1-2), 393–400 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski, P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. T.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. D.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. J.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance with a disordered Nd:CLNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(21), 19015–19020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. Z.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. Z.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhi, Y. C.

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, C. H.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Börger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dötsch, B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.06 µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, Q. D. Zhang, L. K. Sun, S. J. Zhang, “Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable-absorber Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(12), 2286–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski, P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Mermilliod, R. Romero, I. Chartier, C. Garapon, R. Moncorgé, “Performance of various diode-pumped Nd:laser materials:influence of inhomogeneous broadening,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1179–1187 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. Dienes, “Continuous wave thin plate Nd:glass laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(1), 158–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

J. J. Zayhowski, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG microchip lasers and applications,” J. Alloy. Comp. 303–304(1-2), 393–400 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

B. Keszei, J. Paitz, J. Vandlik, A. Suveges, “Control of Nd and Cr concentrations in Nd,Cr: Gd3Ga5O12 single crystals grown by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(1), 95–100 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd:GAGG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1-2), 17–22 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Zhang, X. T. Tao, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, Y. Z. Zhang, Y. C. Zhi, M. H. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μm of Nd:GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41(1), 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

W. Kaechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, 2002). Chap. 1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the Nd:GAGG laser

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The CW output power versus the absorbed pump power with output coupler of 5%, 10%, 15% and 27%, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The Q-switched average output power versus the absorbed pump power with output coupler of 5% and 10% and the saturable absorber initial transmission of 85% and 94% exploited.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The pulse width versus the absorbed pump power with output coupler of 5% and 10% and the saturable absorber initial transmission of 85% and 94% exploited.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The pulse repetition rate versus the absorbed pump power with output coupler of 5% and 10% and the saturable absorber initial transmission of 85% and 94% exploited.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The pulse profile with the pulse width of 6 ns taken at the absorbed pump power of 5.34 W with output coupler of 10% and the saturable absorber initial transmission of 85% exploited; (b) the corresponding pulse train with the repetition rate of 39 kHz.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P t h = h ν p × π × ( ω p 2 + ω c 2 ) × ( T + L ) 4 × η p × σ × τ

Metrics