Abstract

We demonstrate that nanosecond pulses are generated directly from an all-fiber mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser. A pair of Chirped Fiber Gratings (CFGs) with different sign of dispersion is employed for intracavity dispersion management. Self-starting stabilized mode-locking operation is achieved by nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE). The 1.27 ns pulses are obtained after one CFG with large positive dispersion. The pulse energy is up to 15 nJ at a repetition rate of 3.48 MHz.

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  1. J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “High-average-power femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1984–1986 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 3025–3027 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “All-fiber normal-dispersion femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11453–11458 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnow, A. Latkin, and S. Turitsyn, “High-energy all-fiber all-positive-dispersion mode-locked ring Yb laser with 8 km optical cavity length,” CLEO-Europe/EQEC-2009, CJ8.4. Munich, Germany, 14–19 June 2009.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20707–20713 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 799–801 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, S. Février, and P. Roy, “Mode-locked Yb-doped Bragg fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2879–2881 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave breaking in nonlinear-optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(8), 1358–1361 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (7)

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm band width in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave breaking in nonlinear-optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(8), 1358–1361 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D.

Barad, Y.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Desaix, M.

Druon, F.

Eggleton, B.

Eidam, T.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

Fedotov, Y.

Ferrari, A. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Février, S.

Fu, S.

Fuchs, H.-J.

Georges, P.

Gong, Y.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Haus, H. A.

Hideur, A.

Horowitz, M.

Ilday, F. O.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kley, E.-B.

Knox, W. H.

Kobtsev, S.

Kukarin, S.

Latkin, A.

Lecaplain, C.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “High-average-power femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1984–1986 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C.

Lisak, M.

Liu, X.

Martial, I.

Nelson, L. E.

Papadopulos, D.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

Rothhardt, J.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

Roy, P.

Rozhin, A. G.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D. N.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

Schmidt, O.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

Schreiber, T.

Shum, P. P.

Silberberg, Y.

Smirnov, S.

Sun, Z.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Tang, D. Y.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm band width in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tian, X.

Travers, J. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 32, 3495–3497 (2007).

J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “High-average-power femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1984–1986 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S.

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, X.

Xu, C.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, Q.

Zellmer, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, T.

Zhao, L. M.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm band width in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm band width in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (8)

C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, S. Février, and P. Roy, “Mode-locked Yb-doped Bragg fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2879–2881 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1432–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 799–801 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 593–595 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 3025–3027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32(16), 2408–2410 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “High-average-power femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1984–1986 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 1–4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnow, A. Latkin, and S. Turitsyn, “High-energy all-fiber all-positive-dispersion mode-locked ring Yb laser with 8 km optical cavity length,” CLEO-Europe/EQEC-2009, CJ8.4. Munich, Germany, 14–19 June 2009.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. PC: Polarization controller; ISO: Isolator; CFG: Chirped fiber Grating; WDM: Wavelength division multiplexer; OC: Optical coupler; SMF: Single mode fiber, YDF: Yb-doped fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse train monitored with a high-speed photodetector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Wideband radio-frequency spectrum, 100 MHz span. (b) The fundamental radio-frequency spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The 1.27 ns pulse from output 2 detected with a 6 GHz sampling oscilloscope. (b) The autocorrelation trace of the 340 ps pulse from output 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of the pulses from the three output ports.

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