Abstract

Tunable narrowband THz waveforms were generated from laser induced gas plasma using shaped optical pulses. Square wave phase patterns were fed to a spatial light modulator. The frequency and amplitude of the square wave phase were used as parameters to tailor the terahertz waveforms. The dependence of THz waveforms on these parameters has been studied in detail. The presence of the ionization thresholds for pulse shaping is also discussed. We have demonstrated the wide and continuous tunability of the central frequency of the narrowband THz waveform from 2.5 to 7.5THz.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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  3. M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Ahn, A. V. Efimov, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2486–2496 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett. 25(16), 1210–1212 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4577–4584 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093001–0930014 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1120–1122 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Yamaguchi and J. Das, “Terahertz wave generation in Nitrogen gas using shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(9), A90–94 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. Frumker and Y. Silberberg, “Phase and amplitude pulse shaping with two-dimensional phase only spatial light modulator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2940–2947 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093001–0930014 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamaguchi and J. Das, “Terahertz wave generation in Nitrogen gas using shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(9), A90–94 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4577–4584 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Frumker and Y. Silberberg, “Phase and amplitude pulse shaping with two-dimensional phase only spatial light modulator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2940–2947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett. 25(16), 1210–1212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.

Ahn, Y. H.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baraniuk, R. G.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bartel, T.

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bosserhoff, A.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brucherseifer, M.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Büttner, R.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B. E.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, D. J.

Dai, J.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Das, J.

Eden, S.

Efimov, A. V.

Elsaesser, T.

Feurer, T.

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fletcher, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frumker, E.

Gaal, P.

Galvanauskas, A.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

Guo, C.

G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haring Boliver, P.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Johnson, K.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093001–0930014 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. S.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. Y.

King, B. T.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kreß, M.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kress, M.

Kurz, H.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lesimple, A.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Löffler, T.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1120–1122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mamer, O.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meade, T.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, M.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neelamani, R.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, T. B.

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oh, E.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, D. J.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-G.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pricce-Gallagher, M.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4577–4584 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29(10), 1120–1122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudd, J. V.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z.-M.

H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sherwin, M. S.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siders, C. W.

G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Sohn, J. Y.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, C. R.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

Thomson, M.

Thomson, M. D.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. C.

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vehn, J. M.

H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. B.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerner, M.

Wu, H.-C.

H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi and J. Das, “Terahertz wave generation in Nitrogen gas using shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(9), A90–94 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093001–0930014 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, “Recent Advances in terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1085–1094 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Pricce-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire ‘terahertz gap’,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 011131–011133 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narroband terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. Haring Boliver, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Label-free probing of binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(24), 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116–251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Xu, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation from laser induced plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141104–1411043 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, I. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Attosecond time-scale feedback control of coherent X-ray generation,” Chem. Phys. 267(1-3), 277–289 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Rodriguez, C. W. Siders, C. Guo, and A. J. Taylor, “Coherent ultrafast MI-FROG spectroscopy of optical field ionization in molecular H2, N2 and O2,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(4), 579–591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband terahertz emission from gas plasma induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (1)

H.-C. Wu, J. M. Vehn, and Z.-M. Sheng, “Phase-sensitive terahertz emission from gas targets irradiated by few cycle laser pulses,” N. J. Phys. 10(4), 043001–04300110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410(6824), 60–63 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(7), 075005–0750054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093001–0930014 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, and K. A. Nelson, “Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves,” Science 299(5605), 374–377 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Zhong, A. Redo, Y. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Standoff distance detection of explosive materials with THz waves”, Infrared and Millimeter Waves and 13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics 1- 2, 42–43 (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) THz time-domain auto-correlation signals and (b) corresponding THz spectra for three different frequencies of the periodic phase. The amplitude a is 1.0π.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results for (a) THz time-domain auto-correlation signals and (b) corresponding THz spectra for three different frequencies of the periodic phase. The amplitude a is1.0π.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) THz time-domain auto-correlation signals and (b) corresponding THz spectra for three different amplitudes of the periodic phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results for (a) THz time-domain auto-correlation signals and (b) corresponding THz spectra for three different amplitudes of the periodic phase.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Threshold behavior of (a) optical time-domain auto-correlation signal (b) THz time-domain auto-correlation signal.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Tunable narrowband THz time-domain auto-correlation signals and (b) corresponding THz spectra.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( t ) = E 0 exp [ ( t 2 / Γ 2 ) ] cos ( ω 0 t )
ϕ S q a u r e w a v e ( ω ) = 1 2 a × { 1 + sgn [ sin ( ω / ω ϕ ) ] }
E ( ω ) = E ( ω ) exp [ i ϕ S q u a r e w a v e ( ω ) ]
E S H ( t ) = d 2 d t 2 [ P i ( 2 ) ( t ) ]
E T o t a l ( t ) = E ( t ) + E S H ( t )     exp ( i ϕ r e l )
W S T ( t ) = α S T | ε ( t ) | exp [ ( β S T ε ( t ) ) ]
v ( t , t ) = e m t t d t E ( t )
J ( t ) = t 0 t e v ( t , t ) W S T ( t )     exp [ ( t t ) / τ ] d t
E T H z ( t ) = d d t [ J ( t ) ]

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