Abstract

The conversion of frequency modulation to amplitude modulation (FM-to-AM) effect is harmful to the high power laser facility based on the phase modulation technique. The FM-to-AM effect of phase modulation pulse induced by the weak etalon effect in wave plates was investigated theoretically and experimentally. A bulk phase modulator with a modulation frequency of 9.2GHz was employed. The numerical simulation results show that the FM-to-AM effect with a temporal modulation depth of 2.5% and 29.7% on the top of the pulse shape was induced by the weak etalon effect in half-wave plate with thickness of 1mm and residual reflectance ratio of 0.5% for 1 pass and 12 passes respectively. On the same condition, the temporal modulation depth is 3.0% and 23.4% respectively in the experiment. The results are in good agreement with numerical simulation results. To our knowledge, it is the first time to introduce the weak etalon effect in wave plates for a complex phase modulation laser system.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

D. Penninckx and N. Beck, “Axis Alternation for Signal Propagation Over Polarization-Maintaining Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 856–858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “The issue of FM to AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

J. Lindl, “Development of the indirect-drive approach to inertial confinement fusion and the target physics basis for ignition and gain,” Phys. Plasmas 2(11), 3933–4024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Afeyan, B. B.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J. M.

Beck, N.

D. Penninckx and N. Beck, “Axis Alternation for Signal Propagation Over Polarization-Maintaining Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 856–858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bodner, S. E.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bordenave, E.

Bowers, M. W.

Browning, D. F.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “The issue of FM to AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Coic, H.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Colomant, D. G.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deschaseaux, G.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, C.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dixit, S. N.

Erbert, G. V.

Furukawa, H.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardner, J. H.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gleyze, J. F.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gouedard, C.

Haynam, C. A.

Heestand, G. M.

Henesian, M. A.

Hermann, M. R.

Hocquet, S.

Jancaitis, K. S.

Jaouen, Y.

Jolly, A.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knauer, J. P.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lehmberg, R. H.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, M. Z.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Liao, Y.

Lin, H. H.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Lindl, J.

J. Lindl, “Development of the indirect-drive approach to inertial confinement fusion and the target physics basis for ignition and gain,” Phys. Plasmas 2(11), 3933–4024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Luce, J.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Manes, K. R.

Marshall, C. D.

McCrory, R. L.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mehta, N. C.

Menapace, J.

Meng, Z.

Mima, K.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moses, E.

Murakami, M.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, J. R.

Nishihara, K.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nostrand, M. C.

Obenschain, S. P.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Orth, C. D.

Patterson, R.

Penninckx, D.

S. Hocquet, D. Penninckx, E. Bordenave, C. Gouedard, and Y. Jaouen, “FM-to-AM conversion in high-power lasers,” Appl. Opt. 47(18), 3338–3349 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Penninckx and N. Beck, “Axis Alternation for Signal Propagation Over Polarization-Maintaining Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 856–858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, L.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “The issue of FM to AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

Schmitt, A. J.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sethian, J. D.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, M. J.

Spaeth, M.

Sui, Z.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Sutton, S. B.

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

Verdon, C. P.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Videau, L.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. J.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Wegner, P. J.

White, R. K.

Widmayer, C. C.

Wilcox, R. B.

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “The issue of FM to AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W. H.

Yang, S. T.

Zhang, R.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Zhou, H. J.

Acta Opt. Sin.

H. H. Lin, Z. Sui, J. J. Wang, R. Zhang, and M. Z. Li, “Optical pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking,” Acta Opt. Sin. 3, 466–470 (2007).

Appl. Opt.

C. R. Phys.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, D. Penninckx, N. Beck, L. Videau, and H. Coic, “Fiber lasers integration for LMJ,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 198–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. Penninckx and N. Beck, “Axis Alternation for Signal Propagation Over Polarization-Maintaining Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 856–858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

A. Jolly, J. F. Gleyze, J. Luce, H. Coic, and G. Deschaseaux, “Front-end sources of the LIL-LMJ fusion lasers: progress report and prospects ,” Opt. Eng. 42(5), 1427–1438 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Plasmas

J. Lindl, “Development of the indirect-drive approach to inertial confinement fusion and the target physics basis for ignition and gain,” Phys. Plasmas 2(11), 3933–4024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colomant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, “Direct-drive laser fusion: Status and prospects,” Phys. Plasmas 5(5), 1901–1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Deutsch, H. Furukawa, K. Mima, M. Murakami, and K. Nishihara, “Interaction physics of the fast ignitor concept,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(12), 2483–2486 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

J. E. Rothenberg, D. F. Browning, and R. B. Wilcox, “The issue of FM to AM conversion on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 51–61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. T. Hunt, “National Ignition Facility Performance Review,” Lawrence Livermore Technical Report, UCRL-ID-138120–99, 2–4, (1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The phase modulation pulse shape and spectrum before and after them transmitted through a wave plate (a) Injected pulse shape(black-line) and output pulse shape(red-line) (b) Injected pulse spectrum(black-line, the data were shifted 5 pm to compare with the output spectrum),output pulse spectrum(blue-line) and the spectral transmission curve of the weak etalon effect for 1 wave plate(red line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The phase modulation pulse shape and spectrum before and after them transmitted through a wave plate for 12 passes (a) Injected pulse shape(black-line) and output pulse shape(red-line) (b)Injected pulse spectrum(black-line, the data were shifted 5 pm to compare with the output spectrum),output pulse spectrum(blue-line) and the spectral transmission curve of the weak etalon effect in 12 wave plates(red line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experiment scheme of the phase modulation pulse transmitted through half- wave plate

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output phase modulation pulse after the modulator without any wave plate

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output phase modulation pulse after a half-wave plate

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The experiment schematic diagram of the multipass amplification laser system.L1:collimating lens,M1,M2,M3,M4,M5:reflecting Mirror, FP: film polarizer, WP1, WP2:wave plate, FR:Frarday, L2, L3:lens, LDA:laser diode array

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output phase modulation pulse of the multipass amplification laser system.

Equations (4)

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T = 1 / ( 1 + F sin 2 δ 2 )
F = 4 R / ( 1 R ) 2
δ = 4 π n d / λ
T t = T 1 T 2 T k

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