Abstract

This work reports the spectral characteristics of coupled square ring semiconductor resonators. For a single mode operation, the square ring cavities coupled with multimode interferometers (MMIs) are proposed and fabricated using the epitaxial layers of 1.55 μm center wavelength InGaAsP-InP multiple quantum wells. Resonant characteristics can be tailored by varying the parameters of the cavity size or the waveguide width. By using the MMI coupled square ring cavity, a stable single spectral lasing mode was obtained in various combinations of square cavities.

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  1. S. Suzuki, Y. Kokubun, M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and S. T Chu,“Ultrashort optical pulse transmission characteristics of vertically coupled microring resonator add/drop filter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(2), 266–271 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Baba, “Photonics crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP-InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(3), 808–830 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Multiple-channel silicon micro-resonator based filters for WDM applications,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7489–7498 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. G. Rabus, Integrated Ring Resonators:The compendium, Springer series in optical sciences (Springer, 2007)
  6. K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. M. J. Green, R. K. Lee, G. A. Derose, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Hybrid InGaAsP-InP Mach-Zehnder racetrack resonator for thermooptic switching and coupoing control,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1651–1659 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Huang, G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Soft lithography replication of polymeric microring optical resonators,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2452–2458 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, J. V. Hryniewicz, and P. P. Absil, “Filter synthesis for periodically coupled microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 344–346 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. G. Rabus and M. Hamacher, “MMI-Coupled Ring Resonators in GaInAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 812–814 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive microring-resonator coupled lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(22), 3561–3563 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Van, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, P.-T. Ho, J. V. Hryniewicz, and P.-T Ho, “Propagation loss in single-mode GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators: measurement and model,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(11), 1734–1739 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Cai and K. Vahala, “Highly efficient optical power transfer to whispering-gallery modes by use of a symmetrical dual-coupling configuration,” Opt. Lett. 25(4), 260–262 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Suzuki, Y. Kokubun, M. Nakazawa, R. Yamamoto, and S. T. Chu, and S. T. Chu, “Ultrashort Optical pulse transmission characteristics of vertically coupled microring resonator Add/Drop Filter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(2), 266 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. W. Poon, F. Courvoisier, and R. K. Chang, “Multimode resonances in square-shaped optical microcavities,” Opt. Lett. 26(9), 632–634 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H.-J. Moon and K.-S. Hyun, “Selective lasing of guided modes from hollow square semiconductor Microcavities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(12), L274–L276 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Lu, C. Blaauw, and T. Makino, “Single-Mode operation over a wide temperature range in 1.3 mm InGaAsP/InP distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 851–859 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Xiao, M. H. Khan, H. Shen, and M. Qi, “Multiple-channel silicon micro-resonator based filters for WDM applications,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7489–7498 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Moon and K.-S. Hyun, “Selective lasing of guided modes from hollow square semiconductor Microcavities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(12), L274–L276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

W. M. J. Green, R. K. Lee, G. A. Derose, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Hybrid InGaAsP-InP Mach-Zehnder racetrack resonator for thermooptic switching and coupoing control,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1651–1659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Huang, G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Soft lithography replication of polymeric microring optical resonators,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2452–2458 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (6)

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Baba, “Photonics crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP-InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(3), 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Lu, C. Blaauw, and T. Makino, “Single-Mode operation over a wide temperature range in 1.3 mm InGaAsP/InP distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 851–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

Amarnath, K.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, “Photonics crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP-InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(3), 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blaauw, C.

H. Lu, C. Blaauw, and T. Makino, “Single-Mode operation over a wide temperature range in 1.3 mm InGaAsP/InP distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 851–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive microring-resonator coupled lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(22), 3561–3563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

Calhoun, L. C.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chu,

Chu, S. T

Chu, S. T.

Chu,, S. T.

Courvoisier, F.

Dapkus, P. D.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Derose, G. A.

Ding, T. N.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Djordjev, K.

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

Grover, R.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hamacher, M.

D. G. Rabus and M. Hamacher, “MMI-Coupled Ring Resonators in GaInAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 812–814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-T

Ho, P.-T.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Van, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, P.-T. Ho, J. V. Hryniewicz, and P.-T Ho, “Propagation loss in single-mode GaAs-AlGaAs microring resonators: measurement and model,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(11), 1734–1739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hryniewicz, J. V.

Huang, Y.

Hyun,, K.-S.

H.-J. Moon and K.-S. Hyun, “Selective lasing of guided modes from hollow square semiconductor Microcavities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(12), L274–L276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanakaraju, S.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M. H.

Khan, M. J.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kitatami, T.

M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

Kondow, M.

M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, L.-C.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

Leng, Y.

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A. F. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

Liu, B.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive microring-resonator coupled lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(22), 3561–3563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

H. Lu, C. Blaauw, and T. Makino, “Single-Mode operation over a wide temperature range in 1.3 mm InGaAsP/InP distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 851–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Makino, T.

H. Lu, C. Blaauw, and T. Makino, “Single-Mode operation over a wide temperature range in 1.3 mm InGaAsP/InP distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 851–859 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H.-J.

H.-J. Moon and K.-S. Hyun, “Selective lasing of guided modes from hollow square semiconductor Microcavities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(12), L274–L276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, K.

M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

Paloczi, G. T.

Peng, Z.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perton, S. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poon, A. W.

Qi, M.

Rabus, D. G.

D. G. Rabus and M. Hamacher, “MMI-Coupled Ring Resonators in GaInAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 812–814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Scheuer, J.

Shakouri, A.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive microring-resonator coupled lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(22), 3561–3563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

Slusher, R. E.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

Tanaka, T.

M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

Van, V.

Villeneuve, P. R.

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

Yamamoto, R.

Yamamoto, T.

Yang, Q.

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Perton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode micro disk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive microring-resonator coupled lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(22), 3561–3563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Baba, “Photonics crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP-InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(3), 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “High-Q Vertically Coupled InP Microdisk Resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 331–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, Z. Peng, Q. Yang, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Tunable narrow linewidth all-buried heterostructure ring resonator filters using Vernier Effects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 106–108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, T. N. Ding, Y. Leng, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, K. Amarnath, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “Laterally Coupled InP-Based single mode microracetrack notch filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(8), 1082–1084 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Rabus and M. Hamacher, “MMI-Coupled Ring Resonators in GaInAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 812–814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kondow, T. Kitatami, K. Nakahara, and T. Tanaka, “Temperature dependence of lasing wavelength in a GaInNAs laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 777–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H.-J. Moon and K.-S. Hyun, “Selective lasing of guided modes from hollow square semiconductor Microcavities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(12), L274–L276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

D. G. Rabus, Integrated Ring Resonators:The compendium, Springer series in optical sciences (Springer, 2007)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of an outside MMI coupled square ring resonators. (b) Schematic diagram of an inside MMI coupled square ring resonators.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Semiconductor resonator epi structure based on the InGaAsP/InGaAs multiple quantum wells.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Microphotograph and lasing spectrum of the outside MMI coupled square ring resonator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Microphotograph and lasing spectrum of the inside MMI coupled square ring resonator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Thermal dependence of the MMI coupled cavity by changing the substrate temperature and the corresponding lasing spectrum for the outside coupled 100-45-4 device

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Lasing characteristics of various types of MMI coupled square ring resonators

Equations (3)

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L = 4 m ( d w )
L =   ​ m ( λ n ) l = n λ
Δ λ = λ 2 m l ( 1 d m d λ λ m ) = λ 2 m ' l ​ ​ ​ ​     ,                         w h e r e                     m ' = m ( 1 d m d λ λ m ) .

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