Abstract

CdSe/ZnS colloidal quantum dots generally exist as blinking phenomena during the luminescence process that remarkably influences its applications. In this work, we used the surface plasmonic effect to effectively modulate single quantum dots. Obvious contrasts have been observed by comparing single quantum dots on silica and gold films. The surface plasmon is shown to obviously suppress the blinking of single quantum dots. With further demonstrated second- order correlation measurements, an anti-bunching effect was observed. The anti-bunching dip gives the smallest value of g (2)(0) = 0.15, and the lifetime of the exciton has been reduced. This method presents the application’s potential towards tunable high-emitting-speed single photon sources at room temperature.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68,1129-1179 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots," Phys. Rev. A 57,120-126 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q1. F. Koberling, A. Mews, and T. Basch’e, "Oxygen-induced blinking of single CdSe nanocrystals," Adv. Mater. 13,672-676 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. K¨uhn, U. H°akanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, "Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,017402 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Bharadwaj and L. Novotny, "Spectral dependence of single molecule fluorescence enhancement," Opt. Express 15,14266-14274 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57,783-826 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  27. E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  28. X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Bharadwaj and L. Novotny, "Spectral dependence of single molecule fluorescence enhancement," Opt. Express 15,14266-14274 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

S. K¨uhn, U. H°akanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, "Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,017402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68,1129-1179 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

Q1. F. Koberling, A. Mews, and T. Basch’e, "Oxygen-induced blinking of single CdSe nanocrystals," Adv. Mater. 13,672-676 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots," Phys. Rev. A 57,120-126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1985

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57,783-826 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1977

H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aichele, T.

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G. P.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Artemyev, M. V.

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bacher, G.

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barth, M.

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bechtel, H. A.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Becker, C.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Benson, O.

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bharadwaj, P.

Bryant, G. W.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buratto, S. K.

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Califano, M.

M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carson, P. J.

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, M. T.

M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cragg, G. E.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dagenais, M.

H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiVincenzo, D. P.

D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots," Phys. Rev. A 57,120-126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Efros, A. L.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisler, H. J.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Empedocles, S. A.

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fedutik, Y.

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, B. R.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franceschetti, A.

M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fromm, D. P.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, A.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gerion, D.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldman, E. R.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Govorov, A. O.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, M. A.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofmann, C.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hommel, D.

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Imamo?glu, A.

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K¨uhn, S.

S. K¨uhn, U. H°akanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, "Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,017402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kahen, K.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanemitsu, Y.

Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keldysh, L. V.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kiraz, A.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koberling, F.

Q1. F. Koberling, A. Mews, and T. Basch’e, "Oxygen-induced blinking of single CdSe nanocrystals," Adv. Mater. 13,672-676 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kotov, N. A.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. D.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhn, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuno, M.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L¨offler, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leatherdale, C. A.

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lieber, C. M.

C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S. D.

M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loss, D.

D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots," Phys. Rev. A 57,120-126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lounis, B.

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68,1129-1179 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maccagnano-Zacher, S.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. D.

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuda, K.

Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mattoussi, H.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mauro, J. M.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, S.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McBranch, D. W.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mews, A.

Q1. F. Koberling, A. Mews, and T. Basch’e, "Oxygen-induced blinking of single CdSe nanocrystals," Adv. Mater. 13,672-676 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Michler, P.

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikulec, F. V.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moskovits, M.

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57,783-826 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Naik, R. R.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nesbitt, D. J.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neuhauser, R. G.

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

Orrit, M.

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68,1129-1179 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Passow, T.

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rajeswaran, M.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinecke, T. L.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reithmaier, J. P.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitzenstein, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, X.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sch¨ops, O.

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schietinger, S.

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schoenfeld, W. V.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sebald, K.

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sek, G.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, K. T.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silcox, J.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skeini, T.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slocik, J. M.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strouse, G. F.

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundar, V. C.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J.

C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. Q.

M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woggon, U.

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woo, W. K.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, C. T.

C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L. D.

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, Z.

C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zunger, A.

M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

Q1. F. Koberling, A. Mews, and T. Basch’e, "Oxygen-induced blinking of single CdSe nanocrystals," Adv. Mater. 13,672-676 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. T. Yuan, P. Yu, and J. Tang, "Blinking suppression of colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots by coupling to silver nanoprisms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94,243108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92,162107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Sebald, P. Michler, T. Passow, D. Hommel, G. Bacher, and A. Forchel, "Single-photon emission of CdSe quantum dots at temperatures up to 200 K," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,2920-2922 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, A. P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon antibunching in single CdSe/ZnS quantum dot fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329,399-404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

H. Mattoussi, J. M. Mauro, E. R. Goldman, G. P. Anderson, V. C. Sundar, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, "Self-assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot bioconjugates using an engineered recombinant protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122,12142-12150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

M. Kuno, D. P. Fromm, H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, "Nonexponential ’blinking’ kinetics of single CdSe quantum dots: a universal power law behavior," J. Chem. Phys. 112,3117-3120 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

S. Schietinger, M. Barth, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, "Plasmon-enhanced single photon emission from a nanoassembled metal-diamond hybrid structure at room temperature," Nano Lett. 9,1694-1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. O. Govorov, G. W. Bryant, W. Zhang, T. Skeini, J. Lee, N. A. Kotov, J. M. Slocik, and R. R. Naik, "Excitonplasmon interaction and hybrid excitons in semiconductor-metal nanoparticle assemblies," Nano Lett. 6,984-994 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

X. Wang, X. Ren, K. Kahen, M. A. Hahn, M. Rajeswaran, S. Maccagnano-Zacher, J. Silcox, G. E. Cragg, A. L. Efros, and T. D. Krauss, "Non-blinking semiconductor nanocrystals," Nature 459,686-689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. L¨offler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, "Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432,197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamo˘glu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406,968-970 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

E. Waks, C. Santori, and Y. Yamamoto, "Security aspects of quantum key distribution with sub-Poisson light," Phys. Rev. A 66,042315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Loss and D. P. DiVincenzo, "Quantum computation with quantum dots," Phys. Rev. A 57,120-126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

Y. Ito, K. Matsuda, and Y. Kanemitsu, "Mechanism of photoluminescence enhancement in single semiconductor nanocrystals on metal surfaces," Phys. Rev. B 75,033309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Shimizu, R. G. Neuhauser, C. A. Leatherdale, S. A. Empedocles,W. K. Woo, and M. G. Bawendi, "Blinking statistics in single semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 63,205316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Califano, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, "Lifetime and polarization of the radiative decay of excitons, biexcitons, and trions in CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 75,115401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. D. Zhang, and E. Hu, "Nonclassical radiation from a single self-assembled InAs quantum dot," Phys. Rev. B 63,121312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. T. Shimizu, W. K. Woo, B. R. Fisher, H. J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,117404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, "Stable solid-state source of single photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,290-293 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K¨uhn, U. H°akanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, "Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,017402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Kimble, M. Dagenais, and L. Mandel, "Photon antibunching in resonance fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 39,691-695 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Sch¨ops, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-plasmon-photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99,136802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, "Single-photon sources," Rep. Prog. Phys. 68,1129-1179 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57,783-826 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Science

C. Yang, Z. Zhong, and C. M. Lieber, "Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires," Science 310,1304-1307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, "Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots," Science 287,1011-1013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a),(b) TEM images from CdSe/ZnS QDs at different scales. (c) Photoluminescence spectrum of CdSe/ZnS QDs assembling at RT. (d) Confocal scanning image shows a single QD on gold film within the area.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) g (2)(τ) for a single QD on silica substrate. (b) The corresponding QD’s fluorescence intensity variation in the 300 s range. The inset is a statistic of on-time length, and real measured data (scatters) follow Eq. (1) (red line) with α = 1.22.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) g (2)(τ) for a single QD on gold substrate. (b) The same QD’s fluorescence intensity variation detecting time is 300 s, and background noise is shown as red scatter for clarity. The inset is a magnified time trace.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Lifetime of exciton for QDs on silicon and golden substrates. (b) Corresponding g(2)(0) for the anti-bunching effect.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P on = P 0 t α ,
C ( t ) = C 0 + A exp ( t / τ 0 ) ,

Metrics