Abstract

An all-fiber, narrow-linewidth, high power Yb-doped silica fiber laser at 1179 nm has been demonstrated. More than 12 W output power has been obtained, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 43% with respect to launched pump power, by core-pumping at 1090 nm. In order to increase the pump absorption, the Yb-doped fiber was heated up to 125°C. At the maximum output power, the suppression of amplified spontaneous emission was more than 50 dB. Furthermore, theoretical work confirms that the proposed laser architecture can be easily scaled to higher power.

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References

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  1. C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Goto, E. C. Magi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+ -doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett. 45(17), 877–878 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  19. http://www.fibercore.com
  20. http://www.optiwave.com/products/system_overview.html
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    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. A. Kliner, J. P. Koplow, and M. Hotoleanu, “Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers,” Appl. Opt. 47(9), 1247–1256 (2008).
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2009 (4)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “Directly diode-pumped holmium fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2496–2498 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sinha, C. Langrock, M. J. F. Digonnet, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Efficient yellow-light generation by frequency doubling a narrow-linewidth 1150 nm ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 347–349 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28(1), 21–25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Avicola, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beeman, B. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bissinger, H. D.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brase, J. M.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Bugge, F.

Byer, R. L.

Calia, D.

Desurvire, E.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dong, L.

Dronov, A. G.

Erbert, G.

Erbert, G. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, Y.

Friedman, H. W.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Gavel, D. T.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Georgiev, D.

Giles, C. R.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goto, R.

R. Goto, E. C. Magi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+ -doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett. 45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

Hotoleanu, M.

Jackson, S. D.

R. Goto, E. C. Magi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+ -doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett. 45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “Directly diode-pumped holmium fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2496–2498 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalita, M. P.

Kanz, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J.

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Liu, M. C.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lyngsø, J. K.

Macintosh, B.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Magi, E. C.

R. Goto, E. C. Magi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+ -doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett. 45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, H.

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olausson, C. B.

Olivier, S. S.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ota, J.

J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paramonov, V. M.

A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patience, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Popov, S. V.

Rulkov, A. B.

Sadick, N. S.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28(1), 21–25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahu, J. K.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150-1200 nm,” Opt. Express 17(2), 447–454 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, S.

Söderlund, M.

Taylor, J. R.

Taylor, L.

Ueda, K.

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150-1200 nm,” Opt. Express 17(2), 447–454 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vyatkin, M. Y.

Waltjen, K. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28(1), 21–25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, S.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Dermatol. Surg. (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28(1), 21–25 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Goto, E. C. Magi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+ -doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett. 45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Ota, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, “High-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser directly operating at 1178nm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(4), L117–L119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Ytterbium fiber emitting at 1160 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(10), 503–506 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(2), 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “An optical fiber arrangement,” W.O. patent 00/67350 (Nov 9, 2000).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

R. Goto, K. Takenaga, K. Okada, M. Kashiwagi, T. Kitabayashi, S. Tanigawa, K. Shima, S. Matsuo, and K. Himeno, “Cladding-pumped Yb-doped solid photonic bandgap fiber for ASE suppression in shorter wavelength region,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2008, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuJ5.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Yellow Frequency-Doubled Self-Heated Yb Fiber Laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CWB5.

A. B. Wojcik, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, C. Chojetzki, C. Michels, K. Rose, and M. J. Matthewson, “Novel hybrid glass protective coatings for high temperature applications,” Proc. 54th Int. Wire & Cable Symp. 368 (2005).

http://www.fibercore.com

http://www.optiwave.com/products/system_overview.html

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the 1179 nm fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a). Output power and (b) output spectrum (taken with an optical spectrum analyzer with 0.5 nm resolution) of Yb-doped fiber laser operating at 1179 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectrum of the fiber laser at different signal power (optical spectrum analyzer resolution 0.02 nm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a). Output power vs. launched pump power with different output coupler transmittance, experimental and theoretical value, and (b) dependence of slope efficiency on the output coupler transmittance.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Slope efficiency vs. active fiber length for different output coupler reflectivity.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Evolution of population inversion along the fiber length.

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