Abstract

By setting a metal rod or tooth-type structures in a single subwavelength hole, its near-field can be strongly enhanced. The near-field enhancement has strong polarization dependence when the structure in hole is twofold symmetric. Only the polarization along the longitudinal side of the metal rod or tooth-type structure can lead to strongest enhancement, which is attributed to the resonance of the localized surface plasmon. However, if the structure in hole is fourfold symmetric, the near-field enhancement is free from the polarization.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: the influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Rao, L. Hesselink, and J. S. Harris, “High-intensity bowtie-shaped nano-aperture vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser for near-field optics,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1995–1997 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Rao, L. Hesselink, and J. S. Harris, “High transmission through ridge nano-apertures on Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10427–10438 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-16-10427 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and K. Katayama, “Simulation of near-field scanning optical microscopy using a plasmonic gap probe,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10603–10613 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10603 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and T. Sugiyama, “Metallic tip probe providing high intensity and small spot size with a small background light in near-field optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Finitte-Difference Time-Domain studies on optical transmission through planar nano-apertures in a metal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 407–417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for an I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3765–3771 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Optimized computer-aided design of I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size,” Opt. Commun. 233(4-6), 231–244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

F. J. García de Abajo, “Light transmission through a single cylindrical hole in a metallic film,” Opt. Express 10(25), 1475–1484 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-25-1475 .
[PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

J. L. Young and R. O. Nelson, “A Summary and Systematic Analysis of FDTD Algorithms for Linearly Dispersive Media,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 43(4), 61–126 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Lett. 26(24), 1972–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Simulation of the optical absorption spectra of gold nanorods as a function of their aspect ratio and the effect of the medium dielectric constant,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(16), 3073–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5271–5283 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1944 (1)

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66(7-8), 163–182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66(7-8), 163–182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Brioude, A.

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheang-Wong, J. C.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crespo-Sosa, A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Djurisic, A. B.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Lett. 26(24), 1972–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elazar, J. M.

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Simulation of the optical absorption spectra of gold nanorods as a function of their aspect ratio and the effect of the medium dielectric constant,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(16), 3073–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

García de Abajo, F. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Light transmission through a single cylindrical hole in a metallic film,” Opt. Express 10(25), 1475–1484 (2002), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-25-1475 .
[PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Grupp, D. E.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Harris, J. S.

Hesselink, L.

Hosaka, H.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itao, K.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. C.

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, E. X.

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Finitte-Difference Time-Domain studies on optical transmission through planar nano-apertures in a metal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 407–417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katayama, K.

Kelley, B. K.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kinzel, E. C.

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Lett. 26(24), 1972–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Simulation of the optical absorption spectra of gold nanorods as a function of their aspect ratio and the effect of the medium dielectric constant,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(16), 3073–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Lett. 26(24), 1972–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

Majewski, M. L.

Mallouk, T.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyrath, T. P.

Mitsuoka, Y.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miyatani, T.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M. B.

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Simulation of the optical absorption spectra of gold nanorods as a function of their aspect ratio and the effect of the medium dielectric constant,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(16), 3073–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murphy-DuBay, N.

Nakajima, K.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R. O.

J. L. Young and R. O. Nelson, “A Summary and Systematic Analysis of FDTD Algorithms for Linearly Dispersive Media,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 43(4), 61–126 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, T.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noguez, C.

C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: the influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohkubo, T.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oumi, M.

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

Pileni, M. P.

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rakic, A. D.

Rao, Z.

Reyes-Esqueda, J. A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richter, L. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Fernández, L.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Román-Velázquez, C. E.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, H.

Seman, J. A.

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, T.

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and T. Sugiyama, “Metallic tip probe providing high intensity and small spot size with a small background light in near-field optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and K. Katayama, “Simulation of near-field scanning optical microscopy using a plasmonic gap probe,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10603–10613 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10603 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and T. Sugiyama, “Metallic tip probe providing high intensity and small spot size with a small background light in near-field optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for an I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3765–3771 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Optimized computer-aided design of I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size,” Opt. Commun. 233(4-6), 231–244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and K. Katayama, “Simulation of near-field scanning optical microscopy using a plasmonic gap probe,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10603–10613 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-22-10603 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and T. Sugiyama, “Metallic tip probe providing high intensity and small spot size with a small background light in near-field optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for an I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3765–3771 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Optimized computer-aided design of I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size,” Opt. Commun. 233(4-6), 231–244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Lett. 26(24), 1972–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Uppuluri, S. M.

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uppuluri, S. M. V.

Wang, L.

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, E. C. Kinzel, S. M. V. Uppuluri, and X. Xu, “Nanopatterning using NSOM probes integrated with high transmission nanoscale bowtie aperture,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2584–2589 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-4-2584 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys. A 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys. A 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, E. C. Kinzel, S. M. V. Uppuluri, and X. Xu, “Nanopatterning using NSOM probes integrated with high transmission nanoscale bowtie aperture,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2584–2589 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-4-2584 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Finitte-Difference Time-Domain studies on optical transmission through planar nano-apertures in a metal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 407–417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. L.

J. L. Young and R. O. Nelson, “A Summary and Systematic Analysis of FDTD Algorithms for Linearly Dispersive Media,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 43(4), 61–126 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. Thio, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beyond the Bethe Limit: Tunable enhanced light transmission through a single sub-wavelength aperture,” Adv. Mater. 11(10), 860–862 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

N. Murphy-DuBay, L. Wang, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale ridge aperture probe,” Appl. Phys. A 93(4), 881–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Plasmonic effects in near-field optical transmission enhancement through a single bowtie-shaped aperture,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1-2), 3–9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Obtaining super resolution light spot using surface plasmon assisted sharp ridge nanoaperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and T. Sugiyama, “Metallic tip probe providing high intensity and small spot size with a small background light in near-field optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Enhanced optical near field from a bowtie aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(15), 153110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang and X. Xu, “High transmission nanoscale bowtie-shaped aperture probe for near-field optical imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, H. Hosaka, K. Itao, M. Oumi, T. Niwa, T. Miyatani, Y. Mitsuoka, K. Nakajima, and T. Ohkubo, “Improvements in near-field optical performance using localized surface plasmon excitation by a scatterer-formed aperture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(6), 1083–1085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

L. Wang and X. Xu, “Spectral resonance of nanoscale bowtie apertures in visible wavelength,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 89(2), 293–297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. (1)

J. L. Young and R. O. Nelson, “A Summary and Systematic Analysis of FDTD Algorithms for Linearly Dispersive Media,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 43(4), 61–126 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Simulation of confined and enhanced optical near-fields for an I-shaped aperture in a pyramidal structure on a thick metallic screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3765–3771 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

S. Link, M. B. Mohamed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Simulation of the optical absorption spectra of gold nanorods as a function of their aspect ratio and the effect of the medium dielectric constant,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(16), 3073–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brioude, X. C. Jiang, and M. P. Pileni, “Optical properties of gold nanorods: DDA simulations supported by experiments,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(27), 13138–13142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: the influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. X. Jin and X. Xu, “Finitte-Difference Time-Domain studies on optical transmission through planar nano-apertures in a metal film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 407–417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Wang, S. M. Uppuluri, E. X. Jin, and X. Xu, “Nanolithography using high transmission nanoscale bowtie apertures,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 361–364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Tanaka and M. Tanaka, “Optimized computer-aided design of I-shaped subwavelength aperture for high intensity and small spot size,” Opt. Commun. 233(4-6), 231–244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of diffraction by small holes,” Phys. Rev. 66(7-8), 163–182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Oliver, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, C. E. Román-Velázquez, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, J. A. Seman, and C. Noguez, “Controlled anisotropic deformation of Ag nanoparticles by Si ion irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245425 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. García de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

D. W. Lynch, and W. R. Hunter, “Comments on the optical constants of metals and an introduction to the data for several metals,” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E.D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A bare hole in silver film. Two structured holes (b) with a rod and (c) with two teeth.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized intensity spectra of the two structured holes for x- and y-polarization, and a bare hole without any structure. The geometric parameters are wr = wt = 40 nm, lr = 120 nm, and lt = 60 nm. These parameters are set as default.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

| E | (a.u.) field distributions of the rod-hole and the tooth-hole. (a) and (c) are on the output surface, (b) and (d) are on the detection plane. The incidences are the peak wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Normalized intensity spectra of (a) the rod-hole and (b) the tooth-hole with different lengths. The inset in (a) is the peak wavelength as a function of the aspect ratio of the rod.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized intensity spectra of (a) the rod-hole and (b) the tooth-hole for different polarization angles.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Normalized intensity as a function of polarization angle calculated by Eq. (3) and FDTD simulation at the peak wavelength. (b) Normalized intensity spectra calculated by Eq. (3) and FDTD simulation at θ = 30°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Normalized intensity spectra of (a) cross-hole and (b) four-tooth-hole for θ = 0°, 30°, and 45° respectively. The geometric parameters of the cross and the teeth are set equal to that of the rod and teeth in Fig. 2.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I x + I y = I cos 2 θ + I sin 2 θ .
T θ = I x o u t + I y o u t I i n .
T θ = T x cos 2 θ + T y sin 2 θ .

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