Abstract

We presented a hybridly-integrated tunable external cavity laser with 0.8 nm mode spacing 16 channels operating in the direct modulation of 2.5-Gbps for a low-cost source of a WDM-PON system. The tunable laser was fabricated by using a superluminescent diode (SLD) and a polymer Bragg reflector. The maximum output power and the power slope efficiency of the tunable laser were 10.3 mW and 0.132 mW/mA, respectively, at the SLD current of 100 mA and the temperature of 25°C. The directly-modulated tunable laser successfully provided 2.5-Gbps transmissions through 20-km standard single mode fiber. The power penalty of the tunable laser was less than 0.8 dB for 16 channels after a 20-km transmission. The power penalty variation was less than 1.4 dB during the blue-shifted wavelength tuning.

© 2010 OSA

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  1. H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. F. Liu, et al., “Polymer Tunable Laser”,Proc. 14th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, PD1.3,San Diego(2001).
  6. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. C. Kim, B.-S. Choi, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and D.-K. Oh, “2.5 Gbps operation of RSOA for low cost WDM-PON sources,” in Proc 35th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2009), P2.14, 2009.
  9. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, and C. W. Coldren, “Tunable semiconductor lasers: A Tutorial,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 193–202 (2004).
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  10. K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-J. Kim, J.-K. Seo, and M.-C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-C. Ji, I. Yamashita, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Cost-effective colorless WDM-PON delivering up/down-stream data and broadcast services on a single wavelength using mutually injected Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4520–4528 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-H.

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S.-W.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Akulova, Y.

Baek, Y.-S.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

Chin, W.-J.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-H.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, C. W.

Coldren, L. A.

Fish, G. A.

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. H.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. G.

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. T.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.-T.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, G.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.-C.

Johansson, L.

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

Kang, S.-G.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. Y.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. C.

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-H.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-J.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, S.-B.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Kwon, O. K.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-H.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-J.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-D.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-H.

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-S.

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-O.

Oh, D. K.

Oh, K. R.

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.-R.

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-C.

Oh, S. H.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. Y.

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. S.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. W.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-H.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-J.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S.-W.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-K.

Shin, J.-U.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sim, J.-S.

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. I.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H.

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H. K.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, H.-K.

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, I.

Yoon, B. Y.

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K.-H.

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, K.-H. Yoon, D. K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, and H.-J. Lee, “Tunable external cavity laser employing uncooled superluminescent diode,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10189–10194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, and S. G. Han, “Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(13), 1559–1561 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, W.-J. Chin, S.-S. Lee, S.-W. Ahn, and K.-D. Lee, “Tunable polymeric Bragg grating filter using nanoimprint technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1181 (2001).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J. (3)

H. S. Chung, B. K. Kim, and K. Kim, “Effects of upstream bit rate on a wavelength-remodulated WDM-PON based on manchester or inverse-return-to-zero coding,” ETRI J. 30(2), 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-U. Shin, S. H. Oh, Y.-J. Park, S.-H. Park, Y.-T. Han, H. Sung, and K. R. Oh, “External cavity lasers composed of higher order grating and SLD on PLC platform,” ETRI J. 29(4), 452–456 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, K. S. Kim, O. K. Kwon, and K. R. Oh, “InGaAsP/InP Buried-Ridge Waveguide Laser with Improved Lateral Single-Mode Property,” ETRI J. 30(3), 480–482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

S.-W. Ryu, S.-B. Kim, J.-S. Sim, and J. Kim, “1.55-μm Spot-size converter integrated laser diode with conventional buried-heterostructure laser process,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 12–14 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, J. H. Han, Y. T. Han, S. S. Park, B. Y. Yoon, B. K. Kim, H. K. Sung, and J. I. Song, “Two-step laterally tapered spot-size converter 1.55-μm DFB laser diode having a high slope efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2138–2140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, J.-U. Shin, Y.-J. Park, S.-B. Kim, S. Park, H.-K. Sung, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “Multiwavelength lasers for WDM-PON optical line terminal source by silica planar lightwave circuit hybrid integration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1622–1624 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh, D.-H. Lee, K. S. Kim, Y.-S. Baek, and K.-R. Oh, “High-performance 1.55-μm superluminiscent diode with butt-coupled spot-size converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 894–896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Yoon, K. R. Oh, K. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, and D. C. Kim, “Monolithically integrated tunable laser using double-ring resonators with a tilted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 851–853 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on Polymer waveguide platform for WDM Access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1956–1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Jeong, J.-H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S.-H. Cho, W. Lee, and B. W. Kim, “Over 26-nm wavelength tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platforms for WDM access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2102–2104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Farby-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Other (2)

C. C. Kim, B.-S. Choi, H.-S. Kim, K. S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and D.-K. Oh, “2.5 Gbps operation of RSOA for low cost WDM-PON sources,” in Proc 35th European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC 2009), P2.14, 2009.

H. F. Liu, et al., “Polymer Tunable Laser”,Proc. 14th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, PD1.3,San Diego(2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A tunable PLC-ECL (a) schematic diagram (b) photograph.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral characteristics of tunable PLC-ECL (a) Superimposed spectra (b) Peak wavelength, spectral power and 20-dB bandwidth of each channel for various electrical powers applied to PBR.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

L-I characteristics of tunable PLC-ECL at the temperatures of (a) 25°C and (b) 40°C. The inset is slope efficiency in each channel.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER of tunable PLC-ECL for back-to-back and 20-km SMF transmission. The SLD of the tunable PLC-ECL was directly modulated at 2.5-Gbps. The insets are the eye diagrams.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BERs of the tunable PLC-ECL with the 0.8 nm wavelength spacing 16 channels for 20-km SMF transmission.

Metrics